Last week in the world oil:
- Though unexpected, the OPEC deal reached last week is certainly welcome news for the oil markets, sending crude oil rising to its highest level in nearly two years, reaching US$55/b today. OPEC producers agreed to shave 1.2 mb/d from January onwards, with non-OPEC contributing an additional 600 kb/d of cuts, numbers that could (if adhered to) reduce considerably the current global supply glut.
Upstream & Midstream
- Justin Trudeaus administration in Canada has been delicately maintaining a balance between the environmental and energy lobbies. His decision to approve the Kinder Morgan pipeline expansion is an example of this. While Kinder Morgan will be allowed to build a second pipeline as an upgrade to the existing Trans Mountain pipeline to bring more oil to the West Coast to send to Asia, Trudeau has also blocked Enbridge from moving ahead with the Northern Gateway pipeline that would transport oil sands to the Pacific Coast directly through pristine rainforest.
- Japans Mitsui has agreed to buy Shells stakes in four US Gulf of Mexico oil blocks. The deal, for an undisclosed amount, will see the Japanese trading house acquire 20% stakes in four Mississippi Canyon blocks, which have an estimated recoverable volume of 100 million barrels of oil equivalent. The move represents bold steps for Mitsui, after it signed off on developing the Greater Enfield reserves in Western Australia and the third train of Tangguh LNG in Indonesia earlier this year.
- Supermajor ExxonMobil has relinquished 60 deepwater blocks in the Gulf of Mexico, including 20 that were part of a joint venture with Russias Rosneft, citing disappointing exploration results alongside persistent low crude oil prices. The two companies joined forces in 2013, when Rosneft bought a 30% stake in the 20 blocks.
- The US rig count is up again. Three new oil rigs and one new gas rig was added last week, bringing the total up to 477 and 119, respectively, as US oil players saw the OPEC decision as a lead-in to higher prices.
- Brazil wants to further reduce its gasoline imports by stimulating domestic ethanol production. Sugar (from sugarcane) is the main source of biofuels in Brazil, but mills have been prioritising sugar production over ethanol owing to the tight global supply of sugar. All gasoline sold in Brazil now contains 27% sugarcane-derived ethanol, and the proposed new ethanol program is aimed to stimulating output to increase this.
Natural Gas & LNG
- Nigeria and Morocco has signed an agreement that could see a gas pipeline built linking Africa to Europe. The joint venture was reached as the Moroccan King visited Nigeria, with the project aimed at linking the gas resources of Nigeria and surrounding West African nations, and piping it north to Morocco with the intent of connecting to European demand centres via Spain or Portugal.
Last week in Asian oil:
Upstream & Midstream
- Less than a year after re-joining OPEC, Indonesia has once again suspended its membership in the cartel, as it was unable or unwilling to agree to a supply cut. Though its crude output is dwindling, Indonesia still depends heavily on oil to fund its government and the proposed 37 kb/d cut in Indonesian production was unacceptable, leading to the countrys second withdrawal from OPEC.
- India has invited initial bids to begin filling its Karnataka strategic petroleum storage facility. The Padur facility will be the third such site in India, and is the largest with 2.5 million tons of storage space. If experience at the previous two facilities in Vizag and Mangalore are to go by, then the crude oil sources are likely to be Iraq and Iran, which have helped India boost its strategic reserves to 10 days a small number by global standards of at least 50 days, but far better than the precariously tight position the country was in previously.
- Just months after Shell cancelled its US$4.6 billion order for three FLNG vessels, Samsung Heavy Industries has been hit with another major cancellation, this time for a US$777 million FLNG substructure for a European firm. The order was cancelled as the client did not issue a work order, with the low crude oil price environment possibly being the main concern. South Korean shipbuilders have been in trouble recently, and will be hoping that the recent upswing in prices will continue.
Downstream & Shipping
- The cheap price environment of LPG is causing a few Asian petrochemical crackers to turn to propane as a feedstock. Idemitsu in Japan is embarking on an expansion to boost propane processing by up to four times at its joint venture with Mitsui Chemicals in Q317, relying on imported LPG brought into the neighbouring LPG facility at the Chiba refinery.
Gas & LNG
- Chinas CNPC the parent company of PetroChina will separate its natural gas sales and transportation divisions. CNPC currently supplies nearly 80% of Chinas gas market, and the Chinese government wants to open the sector up to more competition, compelling CNPC to separate its gas sales and transportation arms, which should encourage investment in areas that were previously monopolised by CNPC.
- BP has acquired Repsols 3.06% stake in the Tangguh LNG project for US$313 million, bringing the UK operators stake to just over 40%. This consolidates BPs control over Tangguh, which has been given the go-ahead for the US$8 billion expansion of the Tangguh third LNG train.
- The Azerbaijan state oil company SOCAR is beefing up its crude trading division in London, targeting China. Specifically, Socar wants to sell crude directly to the independent Chinese refiners the so-called teapots that were given licences to import crude directly this year.
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Headline crude prices for the week beginning 16 September 2019 – Brent: US$69/b; WTI: US$63/b
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