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Last Updated: February 1, 2017
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What can the IMO do make sure that the 0.50% sulphur limit is implemented in an effective, fair and safe manner globally? Discussions at the January session of the IMO’s Sub-Committee on Pollution Prevention and Response (PPR 4) gave us some signals on the thinking and the ideas we may expect to hear more about in the discussions that lie ahead of us.

What emerged from PPR 4 is just the start of this work, as explained in our article “IMO’s work on 0.50% sulphur limit implementation gets underway”.

Under the surface of that outcome are a number of ideas, and opposing views, on the nature of the challenge ahead and how to address it.

The question the International Maritime Organization must try and find and answer to between now and 2020 is how to ensure the transition from the global 3.50% sulphur limit to the 0.50% limit is successful.

There seems to be different schools of thought regarding the challenges ahead.

One the one hand we have “hardliners” who will not accept any excuses or suggestions for smoothing the transition that in any way may fall short of full, strict global implementation and compliance with the new sulphur regime from day one.

On the other hand are those who are concerned about the ability of refiners in their country to provide sufficient low sulphur fuels for both shipping and other sectors in 2020, often the same countries that told the 70th session of the Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC 70) that they would rather delay the 0.50% sulphur limit to 2025. They may be looking for some form of regional or country-by-country differentiation in implementation.

In between these two ends of the spectrum are IBIA and other industry organisations represented at IMO, and several countries. IBIA told PPR 4: “We all know what we need to strive for, namely for the entire global fleet to use either low sulphur fuels or technologies that achieve equivalent emissions reductions from the start of 2020.” But IBIA and others told PPR that even if everybody do their utmost to comply in 2020, it seems prudent to put in place contingency measures to deal with potential problem areas. On the one hand, we should avoid penalising ships due to genuine shortages of compliant fuels, and on the other, avoid a situation where it pays to avoid complying because of lacking checks and balances.

The “hardliners” tend to play down any potential problems such the risk of initial regional shortages of compliant fuels, because you can transport products from one region to another. They are also unwilling to acknowledge that the transition may be challenging from a supply standpoint because the IMO study which MEPC 70 based its decision on said availability will be there. They also argue that the transition won’t be sudden because we have three years to prepare and get the products in place. They often highlight that the transition to the 0.10% sulphur limit in emission control areas (ECAs) went well, which should give us confidence that introducing the 0.50% will also be plain sailing, including the introduction of new fuel blends.

The only point everybody seems to agree on is that we need measures in place to make sure ships will be compelled to comply, because without it there is a risk that non-compliance will create significant commercial distortion and an uneven playing field.

Concrete suggestions

During discussions at PPR 4, a few concrete suggestions came up.

Two papers submitted to PPR 4 proposed making it an offense for a ship to carry high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) in its fuel tanks unless that ship has a certified scrubber or approved exemption.

One suggestion that came up took that idea a step further, namely to implement a ban both on the carriage and sales of HSFO to ships without scrubbers or valid exemptions from the start of 2020, to make the MARPOL Annex VI regulation as simple as possible to implement and enforce. Included in this idea was that suppliers would be required to see evidence that the ship has an approved scrubber or exemption (e.g. check the ship’s IAPP certificate) before being allowed to sell HSFO to any ship.

Some think a HSFO carriage prohibition won’t be necessary, however, because strict enforcement by port state control officers (PSCO), including document checks and fuel sampling, will be enough to prevent ships without scrubbers from carrying and using HSFO.

Another suggestion that came up was that bunker ports can put out official information to IMO ahead of 2020 about whether they will be able to supply compliant fuel or not, so owners can plan their fuel purchasing so as not to be caught out without ability to buy compliant fuel.

One concrete idea put forward by IBIA and IPIECA in papers submitted to PPR 4 was to allow ships awaiting scrubber installations exemption from full compliance with the 0.50% sulphur limit for a limited period. Allowing this, though with strict caveats such as still having to observe the ECA requirements and use low sulphur fuels while in port or close to shore, could alleviate installation bottlenecks and ease demand pressure on 0.50% sulphur fuels at the start of 2020. This proposal was, however, widely objected to, including by shipping industry organisations out of fear it would interfere with a level playing field.

There is one aspect that there is wide agreement on, however, which is the need for developing a draft standard format for reporting non-availability as provided in regulation 18.2.4 of MARPOL Annex VI that may be used to provide evidence if a ship is unable to obtain compliant fuel. This was among the proposals in IBIA’s submissions both to MEPC 70 and PPR 4.

Other suggestions made by IBIA and others, relating to making use of existing IMO tools for reporting and information sharing, were not discussed at PPR 4, and remain in the “idea bank” for now. We can probably expect several other deposits into this “idea bank” at upcoming IMO meetings, but first MEPC 71 has to approve the initial scope outlined at PPR 4. Then the work can begin on identifying and building consensus on the ideas that can help ensuring the world is adequately prepared to successfully implement the 0.50% sulphur limit.

Report by Unni Einemo

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Regional Market Insights:

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The COVID-19 pandemic, which has affected businesses from all sectors of industry, has had an influence on both personal and professional lives. Public sector businesses and government organizations, as well as the IT, telecommunications, and healthcare industries, heavily invested in IoT technology to manage the unique COVID-19 pandemic catastrophe and get the best results in saving a life. Therefore, increased IoT investment during the pandemic is a significant contributor to the market's growth.

Gunshot Detection Systems Market Scope and Market Size:

The main outputs of this analysis are market data with thorough classifications and revenue breakdowns. Revenues from the Gunshot Detection Systems Market are broken down by service type, deployment style, sector, and geography. Players, stakeholders, and other market participants will be able to establish a strong position as a result of this report's benefits for their marketing plans. In terms of revenue and forecast for the years 2022–2028, the market study focuses on revenue and forecast by region/countries and by application. In-depth market share analysis with individual revenue, market shares, and company rankings. Detailed competitive landscape with identification of the important players in relation to each type of market.

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Segmentations Analysis of Gunshot Detection Systems Market: -

Major Segmentations Are Distributed as follows:

By Application

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  • Commercial

By Installation Type

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  • Vehicle Installations
  • Fixed Installations

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Gunshot Detection Systems Market Report Gives Answers to Following Key Questions:

  • What will be the Gunshot Detection Systems Market’s Trends & growth rate? What analysis has been done of the prices, sales, and volume of the top producers in the Gunshot Detection Systems market?
  • What are the main forces behind the worldwide Gunshot Detection Systems market? Which companies dominate the Gunshot Detection Systems market?
  • Which companies dominate the Gunshot Detection Systems Market? Which business possibilities, dangers, and tactics did they embrace in the market?
  • What are the global Gunshot Detection Systems industry's suppliers' opportunities and dangers in the Gunshot Detection Systems market?
  • What is the Gunshot Detection Systems industry's regional sales, income, and pricing analysis? In the Gunshot Detection Systems market, who are the distributors, traders, and resellers?
  • What are the main geographic areas for various trades that are anticipated to have astounding expansion over the Gunshot Detection Systems Market?
  • What are the main geographical areas for various industries that are anticipated to observe astounding expansion for the Gunshot Detection Systems Market?
  • What are the dominant revenue-generating regions for the Gunshot Detection Systems Market, as well as regional growth trends?
  • By the end of the forecast period, what will the market size and growth rate be?
  • What are the main Gunshot Detection Systems Market trends that are influencing the market's expansion?
  • Which key product categories dominate the Gunshot Detection Systems market? What are the Gunshot Detection Systems Market's main applications?
  • In the coming years, which Gunshot Detection Systems Market technology will dominate the market?

Request for quick sample PDF of the Gunshot Detection Systems Market Report @ https://marketdigits.com/gunshot-detection-systems-market/sample

About us:

MarketDigits is one of the leading business research and consulting companies that helps clients to tap new and emerging opportunities and revenue areas, thereby assisting them in operational and strategic decision-making. We at MarketDigits believe that market is a small place and an interface between the supplier and the consumer, thus our focus remains mainly on business research that includes the entire value chain and not only the markets.

 We offer services that are most relevant and beneficial to the users, which help businesses to sustain in this competitive market. Our detailed and in-depth analysis of the markets catering to strategic, tactical, and operational data analysis & reporting needs of various industries utilize advanced technology so that our clients get better insights into the markets and identify lucrative opportunities and areas of incremental revenues.

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Top Key Players of Pet Wearable market: -

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Regional Market Insights:

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Pre-Post Impact of Covid-19 on Pet Wearable market: -

The COVID-19 pandemic, which has affected businesses from all sectors of industry, has had an influence on both personal and professional lives. Public sector businesses and government organizations, as well as the IT, telecommunications, and healthcare industries, heavily invested in IoT technology to manage the unique COVID-19 pandemic catastrophe and get the best results in saving a life. Therefore, increased IoT investment during the pandemic is a significant contributor to the market's growth.

Pet Wearable Market Scope and Market Size:

The main outputs of this analysis are market data with thorough classifications and revenue breakdowns. Revenues from the Pet Wearable Market are broken down by service type, deployment style, sector, and geography. Players, stakeholders, and other market participants will be able to establish a strong position as a result of this report's benefits for their marketing plans. In terms of revenue and forecast for the years 2022–2028, the market study focuses on revenue and forecast by region/countries and by application. In-depth market share analysis with individual revenue, market shares, and company rankings. Detailed competitive landscape with identification of the important players in relation to each type of market.

The Report also looks at the market's current state of development, its prospects, and the global Pet Wearable market trend. Additionally, it divides the Pet Wearable Market into segments according to service type, deployment methodology, industry, and region to allow for in-depth analysis and the disclosure of market characteristics and prospects.

Purchase this single Pet Wearable Market user report @ https://marketdigits.com/pet-wearable-market/buy

Segmentations Analysis of Pet Wearable Market: -

Major Segmentations Are Distributed as follows:

By Application

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  • Medical Diagnosis
  • Treatment
  • Identification & Tracking

By Product

  • Smart Vest
  • Smart Camera
  • Smart Collar
  • Smart Harness

By Technology

  • GPS
  • Bluetooth
  • Sensors

Pet Wearable Market Report Gives Answers to Following Key Questions:

  • What will be the Pet Wearable Market’s Trends & growth rate? What analysis has been done of the prices, sales, and volume of the top producers in the Pet Wearable market?
  • What are the main forces behind the worldwide Pet Wearable market? Which companies dominate the Pet Wearable market?
  • Which companies dominate the Pet Wearable Market? Which business possibilities, dangers, and tactics did they embrace in the market?
  • What are the global Pet Wearable industry's suppliers' opportunities and dangers in the Pet Wearable market?
  • What is the Pet Wearable industry's regional sales, income, and pricing analysis? In the Pet Wearable market, who are the distributors, traders, and resellers?
  • What are the main geographic areas for various trades that are anticipated to have astounding expansion over the Pet Wearable Market?
  • What are the main geographical areas for various industries that are anticipated to observe astounding expansion for the Pet Wearable Market?
  • What are the dominant revenue-generating regions for the Pet Wearable Market, as well as regional growth trends?
  • By the end of the forecast period, what will the market size and growth rate be?
  • What are the main Pet Wearable Market trends that are influencing the market's expansion?
  • Which key product categories dominate the Pet Wearable market? What are the Pet Wearable Market's main applications?
  • In the coming years, which Pet Wearable Market technology will dominate the market?

Request for quick sample PDF of the Pet Wearable Market Report @ https://marketdigits.com/pet-wearable-market/sample

About us:

MarketDigits is one of the leading business research and consulting companies that helps clients to tap new and emerging opportunities and revenue areas, thereby assisting them in operational and strategic decision-making. We at MarketDigits believe that market is a small place and an interface between the supplier and the consumer, thus our focus remains mainly on business research that includes the entire value chain and not only the markets.

We offer services that are most relevant and beneficial to the users, which help businesses to sustain in this competitive market. Our detailed and in-depth analysis of the markets catering to strategic, tactical, and operational data analysis & reporting needs of various industries utilize advanced technology so that our clients get better insights into the markets and identify lucrative opportunities and areas of incremental revenues.

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