INTRODUCTION TO OIL & GAS:
OFFSHORE PLATFORM SURFACE FACILITIES OVERVIEW
22 FEBRUARY 2017 | PACIFIC REGENCY HOTEL SUITES, KUALA LUMPUR
by Maaruf Mohamad
*** HRDF CLAIMABLE ***
The petroleum upstream industry includes the exploration of the oil & gas activities, drilling of the wells, field development plan to develop the intended field, production phases which is producing the oil and gas and lastly is abandonment of the field when the field is not economic anymore.
There are many offshore structure exist and each and every structure is different in purpose. There is drilling rig which used for drilling a well. Production platform which is used as a medium to receive and process the extracted product either oil or gas before sent to shore. There also a mobile unit used for drilling and production or even for accommodation purposes.
During the production phases, there are a lot of equipment and system required to receive, process and transport the product either oil or gas. In This session, the participant will go through various system and equipment normally used as a production platform surface facilities.
WHO SHOULD ATTEND?
• Employees new to the industry
• Government policy-makers
• Professionals and advisors
• Members of the community seeking a basic understanding of the industry
• Businesses intending to enter the industry
The course is intensive but will make an effective use of delegates’ time.
Click HERE for the complete brochure and registration form.
Module 1 :Wellhead and Christmas tree.
Module 2 :Separation system.
Module 3 :Static and rotating equipment & system
Module 4 :Pipeline network system
Module 5 :Storage and offloading system.
Module 6 :Metering system.
Module 7 :Lifting system
Module 8 :Logistic (Aviation & Marine)
Module 9 :Chemical injection system
Module 10 :Living Quarters
CONSULTANT : MR. MAARUF MOHAMAD
Maaruf Mohamad has 7 years’ experience in upstream oil and gas industry. Currently, he is the mechanical supervisor for NC3, the newly installed gas platform located in Block SK316 within the Central Luconia, Sarawak water. The platform with the processing rate of 600 MMscf/d is supplying gas to the Bintulu onshore receiving facility i.e. Train 9. Prior to joining the NC3 team, he is the offshore maintenance supervisor at Baram platform, located at the Baram Delta, Sarawak water. It is one of the oldest field in Malaysia that is still producing after 30 years. He is responsible in ensuring all planned activities at offshore location are executed within the period allocated without compromising safety.
He graduated from Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS (UTP) in BEng. in Mechanical Engineering and obtained his MSc. in Petroleum Engineering from Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). On top of that, he holds professional & competency certificates like Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) Grade 1 from DOSH Malaysia, Well Intervention IWCF (Level 2), PSMS Advance Diploma & MME certification from BTEC.
Maaruf Mohamad is a certified HRDF trainer and has the experience of conducting trainings for PETRONAS group especially the Upstream Division such as Sabah Asset (SBA), Sarawak Asset (SK-Oil & SK-Gas) and INSTEP.
IN HOUSE TRAINING
Pace Up Sdn Bhd can cater to your training needs and bring the course to your place at your own convenient dates. Contact us for more details and package.
For more information & Registration, contact us @ MOGEC!
Contact Person : Khasmah / Hidayah
Tel :+ 03-2181 3153
We appreciate if you could forward to your colleague who might be interested.
Thank you for your time!
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Supply chains are currently in crisis. They have been for a long time now, ever since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic reshaped the way the world works. Stressed shipping networks and operational blockages – coupled with China’s insistence on a Covid-zero policy – means that cargo tanker rates are at an all-time high and that there just aren’t enough of them. McDonalds and KFCs in Asia are running out of French fries to sell, not because there aren’t enough potatoes in Idaho, but because there aren’t enough ships to deliver them to Japan or to Singapore from Los Angeles. The war in Ukraine has placed a particular emphasis on food supply chains by disrupting global wheat and sunflower oil supply chains and kicking off distressingly high levels of food price inflation across North Africa, the Middle East and Asia. It was against this backdrop that Indonesia announced a complete ban on palm oil exports. That nuclear option shocked the markets, set off a potential new supply chain crisis and has particular implications on future of crude oil pricing and biofuels in Asia.
A brief recap. Like most of Asia, Indonesia has been grappling with food price inflation as consequence of Covid-19. Like most of Asia, Indonesia has been attempting to control this through a combination of shielding its most vulnerable citizens through continued subsidies while attempting to optimise supply chains. Like most of Asia, Indonesia hasn’t been to control the market at all, because uncoordinated attempts across a wide spectrum of countries to achieve a similar level of individual protectionism is self-defeating.
Cooking oil is a major product of sensitive importance in Indonesia, and one that it is self-sufficient in as a result of its status as the world’s largest palm oil producer. So large is Indonesia in that regard that its excess palm oil production has been directed to increasingly higher biodiesel mandates, with a B40 mandate – diesel containing 40% of palm material – originally schedule for full implementation this year. But as palm oil prices started rising to all-time highs at the beginning of January, cooking oil started becoming scarcer in Indonesia. The government blamed hoarding and – wary of the Ramadan period and domestic unrest – implemented a Domestic Market Obligation on palm oil refineries, directing them to devote 20% of projected exports for domestic use. Increasingly stricter terms for the DMO continued over February and March, only for an abrupt U-turn in mid-March that removed the DMO completely. But as the war in Ukraine drove prices even further, Indonesia shocked the market by announcing an total ban on palm oil exports in late April. Chaotically, the ban was first clarified to be palm olein only (straight refining cooking oil), but then flip-flopped into a total ban of crude palm oil as well. Markets went haywire, prices jumped to historical highs and Indonesia’s trading partners reacted with alarm.
Joko Widodo has said that the ban will be indefinite until domestic cooking oil prices ‘moderate’. With the global situation as it is, ‘moderate’ is unlikely to be achieved until the end of 2022 at least, if ‘moderate’ is taken to be the previous level of palm oil prices – roughly half of current pricing. Logistically, Indonesia cannot hold out on the ban for more than two months. Only a third of Indonesia’s monthly palm oil production is consumed domestically; the rest is exported. An indefinite ban means that not only fill storage tanks up beyond capacity and estates forced to let fruit rot, but Indonesia will be missing out on crucial revenue from its crude palm oil export tax. Which is used to fund its biodiesel subsidies.
And that’s where the implications on oil come in. Indonesia’s ham-fisted attempt at protectionism has dire implications on biofuels policies in Asia. Palm oil prices within Indonesia might sink as long as surplus volumes can’t make it beyond the borders, but international palm oil prices will remain high as consuming countries pivot to producers like Malaysia, Thailand, Papua New Guinea, West Africa and Latin America. That in turn, threatens the biodiesel mandates in Thailand and Malaysia. The Thai government has already expressed concern over palm-led food price inflation and associated pressure on its (subsidised) biodiesel programme, launching efforts to mitigate the worst effects. Malaysia – which has a more direct approach to subsidised fuels – is also feeling the pinch. Thailand’s move to B10 and Malaysia’s move to B20 is now in jeopardy; in fact, Thailand has regressed its national mandate from B7 to B5. And the reason is that the differential between the bio- and the diesel portion of the biodiesel is now so disparate that subsidy regimes break down. It would be far cheaper – for the government, the tax-payers and consumers – to use straight diesel instead of biodiesel, as evidenced by Thailand’s reversal in mandates.
That, in turn, has implications on crude pricing. While OPEC+ is stubbornly sticking to its gentle approach to managing global crude supply, the stunning rebound in Asian demand has already kept the consumption side tight to match that supply. Crude prices above US$100/b are a recipe for demand destruction, and Asian economies have been preparing for this by looking at alternatives; biofuels for example. In the past four years, Indonesia has converted some of its oil refineries into biodiesel plants; in China, stricter crude import quotas are paving the way for China to clamp down on its status of a fuels exporter in favour of self-sustainability. But what happens when crude prices are high, but the prices of alternatives are higher? That is the case for palm oil now, where the gasoil-palm spread is now triple the previous average.
Part of this situation is due to market dynamics. Part of it is due to geopolitical effects. But part of it is also due to Indonesia’s knee-jerk reaction. Supply disruption at the level of a blanket ban is always seismic and kicks off a chain of unintended consequences; see the OPEC oil shocks of the 70s. Indonesia’s palm oil export ban is almost at that level. ‘Indefinite’ is a vague term and offers no consolation to markets looking for direction. Damage will be done, even if the ban lasts a month. But the longer it lasts – Indonesian general elections are due in February 2024 – the more serious the consequences could be. And the more the oil and refining industry in Asia will have to think about their preconceived notions of the future of oil in the region.
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