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Last Updated: March 6, 2017
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The recent approval of the Dakota Access Pipeline and rising Permian production is expected to leave Asian refiners spoilt for choice as more US light crude oil from the Gulf of Mexico becomes available to them.

Once Dakota Access comes online, roughly "couple of hundred thousand barrels per day of US light oil could be available by capacity for exports," said Takayuki Nogami, chief economist at Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corp.

Nogami said more US light oil could be available for exports as US refiners in the Gulf generally process medium to heavy grades.

The delayed 470,000 b/d Dakota Access Pipeline received final federal approval in early February to complete construction, and start up is targeted between March 6-April 1.

The four-state $3.8 billion pipeline is designed to deliver Bakken and Three Forks crude to Patoka, Illinois, where it will connect with the Energy Transfer Crude Oil Pipeline to Texas, leaving more crude available for export from the Houston terminals.

The Permian is the US' most active crude play by far and the site of most of rig count increases. Production at the Permian Basin has been climbing steadily since September and is projected to reach 2.25 million b/d in March, according to the US Energy Information Administration.

A number of refiners in China, Japan and South Korea said that they are closely watching the developments and will consider importing more light oil and possibly sour grades from the US whenever they became competitive against their main sour crude imports from the Middle East.

"We will definitely watch this [development over the Dakota Access Pipeline and increasing US oil production] and seek more opportunity," said a refiner in South Korea.

"Our principle has not changed. We intend to buy attractive [crudes] from around the world, regardless of whether they are from the Gulf of Mexico or the pipeline coming onstream," said Jun Mutoh, president of Japanese refiner TonenGeneral, an active buyer of US oil including WTI crude and shale.

Gaven Chen, a senior refining engineer with China's state-owned Sinopec, said he expected US refiners will need at least five years to complete their infrastructure reform to crack shale oil, which could result in more availability of light oil for exports until around 2022.

NO INFRASTRUCTURE CONSTRAINTS

A buildout of pipelines and rising production means that exports of US crudes to Asia will not be limited by infrastructure constraints, said Sandy Fielden, director of oil and products research at Morningstar.

But Fielden said the volumes will eventually depend on price.

"You've got a potential for exports into the Asia market, and you're seeing the first talk of exports of offshore Gulf of Mexico sour crude like Southern Green Canyon potentially going to Asia to make up for a lack of barrels due to the OPEC cuts," Fielden said.

"There's going to be circumstances where the price is right and the arbitrage opens up, but I'm thinking this is kind of a sporadic -- it's based on circumstance, it's not going to be a big, sudden opening up of the market that results in a massive outpouring of crude from the Gulf Coast," he said. "It's all going to depend on the relative price."

Some of the US light oil production could also be used for blending with heavier grades, said Nobuo Tanaka, former executive director of the International Energy Agency.

So increasing availability and production of US light oil production may not necessarily lead to a spike in crude exports, although the current crude price is supporting incremental shale oil production, he added.

Currently, pipelines can transport 1.85 million b/d of crude into the Houston area from offshore Gulf of Mexico and Texas oilfields, including the Permian Basin and Eagle Ford, according to Morningstar. Another 1.55 million b/d of crude can be shipped through pipelines originating at Cushing.

In the next year, an additional 500,000 b/d of pipeline capacity from the Permian Basin to Houston will come online, including the expansion of the BridgeTex pipeline and a new Enterprise Products Partners project.

Export capacity is rising at Corpus Christi, where Occidental Petroleum inaugurated its 200,000 b/d Ingleside export terminal in 2016. Plains All American plans to expand its Cactus pipeline by 140,000 b/d to 390,000 b/d this year, supplying more Permian crude to Corpus Christi export terminals.

RISING US CRUDE SUPPLY TO ASIA

Following the December 2015 US Congress decision to lift crude export restrictions, US crude exports to Asia skyrocketed from just 4,000 b/d in 2015 to 54,000 b/d in 2016, according to US Census Bureau data. China received 23,000 b/d of US crude in 2016 and shipments also arrived in Japan, South Korea, Singapore and Thailand.

This year Chinese independent refiners have started buying US crudes, with 2 million barrels of Mars and Thunderhorse crudes arriving in April, according to market sources. Until last year, only state-run refiners imported US crudes in China.

HEIGHTENED ACTIVITY

A widening Dubai premium to WTI and refinery maintenance season in the US are likely to keep export demand healthy in the near term.

A significant amount of coking capacity is currently under maintenance in the region, meaning that previously hard to find grades, like Mars and Southern Green Canyon, may be available for export, market sources said, adding that sour grades have departed the USGC for North Asia in recent weeks.

WTI FOB Houston differentials point to heightened export demand in recent months. The differential rose to average front-month NYMEX WTI plus $2.35/b in December and plus $2.34/b in January, up from plus $1.73/b in November.

The tightening of the Dubai crude market following OPEC's coordinated supply cuts has led Dubai crude to flip to a premium to WTI in recent months, making US crude more competitive in Asian refineries.

Dubai's premium to WTI widened to average 95 cents/b in January and $1/b in February, leading many Asian crude buyers to look beyond the Middle East for supply.

The lack of demand for Middle East sours is reflected in weak forward freight rates.

Persian Gulf-Far East VLCC rates declined to $10.47/mt in January from $12.96/mt last December as the Dubai/WTI spread widened.

The market continues to expect weak demand going forward, with February rates to date averaging $8.78/mt.

By comparison, US Gulf Coast-Asia Suezmax freight has held firm, averaging $23.27/mt and $23.94/mt in December and January, before dipping slightly to $21.39/mt in February.

A Suezmax fixture is the latest example of increasing inquiries for Asia. Mercuria was reported to have put the Tony on subjects to lift a 130,000 mt crude cargo for a USGC-Singapore voyage loading March 1.

"USGC to East is the new hot thing," said a shipbroker.

An industry source said the Suezmax market on Far East runs should continue to firm as tonnage remained tight in the Gulf of Mexico and traders were looking to ship cargo to the East.

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Oil Is Officially in Bear Territory. What Happens Next?

Two months ago, the crude oil market was abuzz with chatter that US$100/b oil was imminent. Fuelled by worries over the impact of American sanctions on Iranian crude exports, industry powerhouses from Glencore to JP Morgan to BP predicted that Brent would hit US$90/b by Christmas, and breach the three digit mark in Q12019. With just over a month to Christmas, Brent is now trading at US$65/b and WTI maintaining its steady discount at US$55/b. How did the market get it so wrong?

The main lynchpin is supply. Just as the sanctions went into effect on November 3, the USA issued surprise waivers to 8 key importers of Iranian crude, including China, India and South Korea. This had been bandied about in the lead up to November 3, with South Korea even eschewing all Iranian crude in September and India cutting down dramatically to qualify. The scope of the waivers was larger than expected, despite American rhetoric that the sanctions would be ‘tougher’ than Obama-era measures. Ostensibly, the waivers were issued due to the market being ‘fragile’, but also it also  acknowledges the reality that it will be impossible to remove all Iranian crude trade without causing a supply crunch. So instead of reducing Iran’s exports ‘to zero’, the White House seems to have settled on reducing it to 1 mmb/d or so.

At the same time, President Trump’s Twitter demands that OPEC increase its supply was heeded. Saudi Arabia claimed that OPEC was in a ‘pump as much as we can’ mode, with the Kingdom’s crude exports rising to record highs, along with that other large producer Russia. With increased supply from OPEC more than offsetting losses in Iran, the market swung from fears of a supply crunch to oversupply. On November 13, Brent dropped by almost US$5/b as market dynamics changed course; it wasn’t just supply growing, but also demand retreating, as warned by the EIA and IEA. OPEC also commented that it was seeing ‘declining demand for its crude’, revising its demand forecast downwards for the fourth month in a row – news that spooked traders in the market, especially given that China’s overall economic growth is also slowing down.

So crude oil benchmarks are now trading at nearly 20% lower than they were a month ago. That’s officially a bear market. What happens next?

Probably to the chagrin of Donald Trump – although the issue is less vital now that American midterm elections are over – Saudi Arabia is looking to make a U-turn, proposing an output cut of some 1mmb/d ahead of the OPEC meeting in Vienna in two weeks. Other allies within the OPEC+ circle are less keen on changing course, with Russia stating that producers should look to avoid knee jerk reactions to momentary price signals. That said, Vladimir Putin has also stated that oil at ‘US$70/b suits us completely’, a sentiment echoed across OPEC. So instead of taming prices, OPEC now has the onerous task to propping them up. But it’ll be easier said than done; the current glut in the crude market is for light, sweet grades, not the heavier, sourer crudes produced by OPEC.

Will it happen? Yes, it will. Producers have gotten used to US$70/b oil and with signs showing that Brent could fall as low as US$60/b in the next few weeks, they will be eager to shore things up. The slate of new upstream projects approved in the second half of 2018 require relatively strong crude prices to be economic. US$80/b oil might be too high, US$60/b oil might be too low, but US$70/b oil seems just right. And now it is up to OPEC+ to see if they can convince the market to return to that point.

Recent Brent Prices: 

  • 22 October 2018 – US$79.83/b
  • 29 October 2018 – US$77.37/b
  • 5 November 2018 – US$73.17/b
  • 12 November 2018 – US$70.12/b
  • 19 November 2018 – US$66.79/b
November, 21 2018
Project Management Professional

Career

Summary
A Project Management Professional with Management responsibilities covering the life cycle of a project from initial estimates and proposals to design management, project planning, procurement, construction, shutdowns, commissioning & handover.
Key areas of responsibilities& Achievements include:
Experience of Team management of over 150 Engineers and Designers
Technical evaluations for Bidding efforts and attend bid clarification meetings with Client as required.
Prepare & Issue technical summary & technical risks anticipated to management & Proposal Manager.
Interface coordination with other JV Partners, EPC Contractors, PMC & Client.
Organize the work for the Project team in the various phases of a Project including various procedures Quality & Execution Plan.
Organize & Attend Kick off meetings with client, partners, sub-contractors, vendors etc.
Expertise in coordinating complex engineering projects across disciplines involving various stake holders
Conduct Design Reviews, Risk Assessment, Value engineering, HAZOP/ P&ID Review/ Plot Plan Review/SIL studies/ Model Reviews, internal & externally with Client.
Ensure projects adhere to Quality & HSE System requirements
Prepare & issue related contractual & Technical letters & Queries.
Expedite with vendors, subcontractors & Client for various engineering & procurement activities.
Worked on Projects with Shell DEP’s, HFE, American, Singapore & Vietnamese Engineering Standards
Brief Responsibilities 

 

Single Point of Contact for all engineering matters, clarifications, queries & client communication on the Project
Manage a multidiscipline  engineering & design team to deliver  scope of work safely  & within quality/cost/schedule
Assisting the Project Management Team in all project management activities assigned.
Co-ordination with the disciplines and resources of the company in furtherance of the contract
Achieve the project’s stated objectives
Implement Lessons learned and performance survey.
Champion the consistent use of  delivery tools/processes which ensure that all parties have an agreed understanding of the project and their part within it
Analyze pre-contract correspondence vis-a-vis contract and resolve grey areas, if any, in the contract.
Take Lead in preparing the Project Execution Plan, Engineering Execution, Project Quality Plan covering objectives, priorities, directives to be followed and constraints to be imposed on the design & procurement, erection and commissioning of the plant.
Coordinate and prepare Project scope deliverables including DOR, strategies for critical Equipment’s & LL Items.
Coordinate for ensure all relevant team members are well versed with scope, applicable codes & standards and client requirements.
Coordinates & be the focal point for all engineering related inputs & outputs including during field engineering.
Resolve grey areas in basic design parameters and design standards with the client/PMC and issue contract design data.
Prepare Project Procedures, Quality & HSE plans & Issue the Engineering programme / Schedule.
Agree Construction Co-ordination Procedure with the Resident Construction Manager.
Study the control estimates.  Follow up corrective action where necessary as directed by the Project Manager.
Prepare the periodical progress reports to client for Clients review.
Prepare Project Closure Report & Engineering Closure Report.
Monitor & control RFI, DCN, Variation notices including engineering change orders
Coordinate for Model Reviews, HAZOP, SIL, P&ID Review etc.
Identify Areas of Concerns with respect to progress and/or quality implementation of corrective actions as required.
Experience
Company:         Abu Dhabi Construction Company
Dept.                     Project Management
Duration                Oct 2016 till date
 
Company:     SK Engineering & Construction  
Duration                 April 2010 till May 2016
Designation            Lead Engineer (Projects)
Company       Air Liquide Global E&C Solutions ( Formerly Lurgi Gmbh) 
Duration                Sep 2008 till Mar 2010
Designation           Senior Engineer
Company       Reliance Industries Ltd ( Formerly REAL)  – EPC Division
Duration                Jan 2007 till Sep 2008
Designation           Manager
Company      Hindustan Construction Company Ltd. (HCC), Mumbai.  
Duration                Jul 2004 till Jan 2007
Designation           Senior Engineer
Company        Bhoomi Engg (P) Ltd, Ahmedabad
Duration                Jan 2001 till Jun 2002
Designation             Site Engineer
Projects handled: 
ADGAS IS1 Project-LNG Train 1,2 & Utilities maintenance Project (14 Million USD)
ADGAS IS2  Project- LNG Train 3 & Utilities maintenance Project (18 Million USD)
KNPC- CFP Project, Kuwait (8Billion USD)
Detailed Engineering for Brown Field Units:, Isomerization flare,  CCR, Interconnections, Offsites, Steam and Condensate, FCCU, FUP Cooling Tower, including Interface Coordination
FEED verification & detailed engineering for Green Field Units, SRU I & II,
Nghi Son Refinery and Petrochemical (NSRP) Project, Vietnam (12 Billion USD).
FEED Verification & Detailed Engineering Greenfield CDU, KOHDS, GOHDS, SRU
Jurong Aromatics Complex Project, Singapore  (1.8 Billion USD)
Detailed Engineering for Greenfield Condensate 1 & 2.
ISPRL Padur (UG) Crude Storage Facility
Storage Units MUA & MUB
Interconnection Piping
SLM FEED Project , Louisiana , USA
CHL (Tahrir Petrochemical Project) FEED Project, Egypt
Detailed Engineering for Sulphur Recovery Unit, OHCU, Haldia (EPCM & , IOCL & for Shutdown & Commissioning
FEED Package for Iran Liquefied Natural Gas Company, LNG Project at India
Detailed Engineering Package, Gas Treating Units, Iran LNG Company at India
Jamnagar Export Refinery Project (JERP)- EPC
Engineering & construction works under Marine Construction Department, including Trestle fabrication, testing, Pile cap modification, Trestle launching, piping works on trestle, cold & hot insulations, Passive Fireproofing, water proofing, marine erection of trestle, onshore piping works till zero point to LFP, Fire proof painting works on jetty trestle, Jetty modification works, Insulation works of LPG lines etc.
One 24” LSWR line, one 24”diesel line & one18” Alkalyte line each 11 KM.
Pipe Racks, Tankages & Chiller Plant
3 Major Shutdowns including Onshore & Offshore Golden joint
Reliance Ports & Terminals Ltd, Revamp Project
Three new SPMs namely SPM 3, SPM 4 and SPM 5 and the associated following submarine pipelines have been planned to be installed as part of JERP project under this contract.
Boat Landing Structure Fabrication & installation
2 x 48” diameter pipelines to import crude via SPM 3
2 x 30” diameter product pipelines to export via SPM 4
2 x 30” diameter product pipelines to export via SPM 5
2 Nos Cryogenic Chiller plant
7 lines from 6” potable water to 30 “Diesel lines through new trestles.
2 Nos 1.6 m dia Sea Water system
3 Shutdowns excluding loading arms revamps & MTF hot tappings.
Sea Water Intake Channel revamp including dredging, widening, filtration systems.
Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant, Package C3 (Onshore) & C6 (offshore)
Proposals handled: 
Proposal Project Engineer for ISPRL, Mangalore (AG) (Process & Utility facilities)
Proposal Project Engineer for ISPRL, Padur (AG) (Process & Utility facilities)
Proposal Project Engineer for SOHAR Refinery Expansion Project, ORPIC, Oman
Proposal Project Engineer for RAPID Package 4 , Malaysia
Proposal for HPCL-BPCL Hydrogen Project (BOO Basis)
Proposal for FEED Package for Iran Liquefied Natural Gas Company, LNG Project.
Proposal for Detailed Engineering Package, Gas Treating Units, Iran LNG Company
Proposal for AME- DME , Indonasia
Proposal for Resid Up-gradation Project, Chennai Petroleum Corporation Ltd , IOCL, Chennai
Computer Proficiency
Tools – MS Office, AutoCAD 2014, SAP MM module, Pro-file, Documentum
Planning Tools - Primavera Project Planner ( Ver 7, 6.2 ), Microsoft Project, SAP
Engineering Tools - SPR (Intergraph), Navis Freedom, Microstation
Language Proficiency
English, Hindi, Malayalam, Gujarati, Tamil., Marathi, Korean (Beginners)
Certifications
PMP® Under Progress. Expected by Dec 2018
Education
  2002–2004              M. Tech in Construction & Project Management, CEPT, Ahmedabad      
  1997–2001             B.E. (Civil) from D.N.Patel COE. Shahada, Maharashtra
Personal Information
Nationality………………………Indian
Gender  …………………………Male
Date of Birth   …………………Aug 18th 1978
Place of Birth  …………………Kerala, India
Marital Status…………………Married
Passport No……………………L8490259 valid till 30.04.2024
Skype ID………………………sandeep_b_nair
Linked In :                             https://in.linkedin.com/in/sandeep-nair-17a79821
UAE driving License…………..2443931 valid till 2020
November, 19 2018
Infographic: Oil and Gas Scams & How to avoid them!

Oil and gas sector is one of the most lucrative sectors for job seekers from industries all over the world. It offers great salaries and benefits packages and an opportunity to travel and work overseas. Due to its high demand, scammers are preying on the vulnerable oil and gas workers. To ensure you don’t fall prey to their mischievous tactics, we would recommend reading our guideline below:

How does scamming occur? 

The scammer poses as an employer or recruiter of an oil and gas company or he may claim to be an employee or recruiter for a job consultancy firm catering to the oil and gas industry. They offer irresistible employment opportunities and often demand money in advance to conduct further processes. Money is often demanded on the pretext of work visas, travel expenses, background or credit checks that the job requires.

What do scammers want from you?

 It is important to understand what the scammer's agenda is so that it helps you shield yourself from getting conned:

To extract money: On the pretext of getting you a job in the energy sector employing any of the tactics mentioned above

For identity theft: scammers look for valid identity of people and ask for confidential personal details including bank details to commit fraud through your name or to withdraw money from your account.

Whatever be their modus operandi, their goal is to either separate you from your cash or accomplish an identity theft. The bigger problem is, the scammers are getting better at their game and coming up with innovative ideas to lure innocent job seekers. In oil and gas industry, the scammers are targeting the job seekers from overseas, immigrants or contractors as they feel it is easier to attract them on the pretext of work permits, high salaries, paid travel, better lifestyle in the first world countries.

How to spot a job scam and keep yourself secure?

 There is always a difference between real and fake, all you need to do is be watchful to notice the underlying discrepancies. There is a pattern that scammers usually follows, which is discussed below. Make sure you watch out for these red flags when you receive any job offer next time:

Free email provider - No legitimate hiring agency or company will use the services of free email provider like Gmail, Hotmail, or Yahoo. So, if you are receiving an email or have been requested to share your details on emails that use free email services, then be extremely cautious. The scammers try to trick the job seekers by using an email address that looks authentic for instance: [email protected]. It is important to notice here that the ‘xyz’ part of the email ID is usually a gmail, yahoo, etc. which is a free email address. A legitimate job provider would never use.

Fake or new company name - If company name or oil and gas recruitment agency name is mentioned along with the free email id, then do a quick search on the company. Verify its existence and contact them via official email address and contact numbers mentioned on the website. Check their social media presence too. If the website and social media page look new while the company claims to be in business for a substantial amount of time, know for sure that there is something fishy.

Bad grammar and confusing job details - The scammers usually do not pay much attention to structure the mail. You can spot grammatical errors and even the job descriptions are not explained well or is completely different than your skillset and experience. Any authentic mail from a company or oil and gas recruitment agency will ensure an error-free, concise, and clear communication

Fee to conduct a job interview - No legitimate oil and gas company or recruitment agency will ever ask for money to conduct a job interview or to apply to job positions. If the mail says, the money will be refunded once you appear for a job interview, then please do not trust such claims as it is always bogus.

Asking for confidential personal information - Anyone asking for information that you will never put on CV, is a warning sign. It includes your bank details, passport copy, identity cards, your current residential details and so on. No genuine company will ever ask for such details before you sign the offer letter. If by chance, you have shared your bank details or another confidential detail to the scammer, contact your bank and email service provider and register a complaint against it.

Unknown source - There are countries who have strict spam rules and until you subscribe or give consent to the company, they cannot send you emails. So, if you receive an email from a company you haven’t contacted or have not applied for jobs, then be cautious it might be a scam.

The principle on which scammers operate is “Too good to be true”.  Don’t entertain any job offer that offers a position, you are not qualified for or offers a salary which is unrealistically high. In the oil and gas sector, be careful not to reveal your passport/work visa details to the scammer. Remember, if you find anything which is way beyond the realistic expectations, then trust your instincts and drop the offer and do not respond.

See our infographic below for a quick summarized glance -


 If you are looking for a job in the Energy sector then sign up today to stay updated with the latest industry news, apply for jobs and network - https://www.nrgedge.net/jobs 

November, 04 2018