As an engineering student, I must learn how to apply my skills in a real work experience before graduating. Which we called the Practical Work or Kerja Praktek (KP) for short. At first, I thought this task will be a huge burden, moreover if I had to do it alone. But then, with SCG International Internship, my KP experience turned out to be a lot different than what I expected to be
For you who might not have known before, SCG or Siam Cement Group is the largest cement and building material company based in Thailand and already growing across Southeast Asia. With over 100 years old, SCG currently has three business unit (Cement Building materials, Chemicals, and Packaging) with more than 200 companies under their brand. One of their annual programs is the SCG International Internship. It offers the opportunity to have the hands-on experience at one of the SCG subsidiary business unit at Thailand. It opens not only for engineering but also for the social science such as marketing, law, brand, and HR. In addition, they also provide the best accommodation, transportation, some meals, and even gave us an extra allowance for a month. To be honest, I don’t come from a family that can go overseas for holiday. I have never been travel outside Indonesia before.
So could you imagine how excited I was?
One thing for sure is that I have to try my best to get selected. I went through its selection series with the other 1.245 other great competitors from Indonesia. It starts with the essay submission about two topics. First is what I think the most important values based on SCG’s 4 core value. The second is about my greatest failure in which I tell my experience in losing a presidential election at my organization, emphasize on what did I learn from it. The next selection would be CV and transcript screening continued by an intense panel interview. At last, they choose the best 12 students from Indonesia with different studies ranging from engineering to social science. I can still remember my hand shaking when I received this incredible news. I am going to Thailand! This is the Indonesia SCG Inter Intern at the Huai Khuang MRT Station.
My first time going overseas, it is fully funded. I am eternally grateful and that makes every single detail about Thailand amaze me in a special way since I arrived. On the first day, we had orientation where I can meet the other 44 international intern from Vietnam, Myanmar, Cambodia, and Philippines. Some of my friends will have an internship at the SCG Headquarters Bangkok while the engineering student will go to their own plant at a different company. This is the sneak peek of what our working environment looks like:
For myself, I was assigned to Thai Plastic Chemicals Public Company Limited located in Rayong Province. Precisely, it is located at Map Ta Phut Industrial Estate which is vast, organized, and remarkably green even with all the industrial activities in the vicinity. TPC is a leading company in PVC production and has expanded its business to ASEAN. Including at Indonesia, we have the TPC Indo at Gresik. Since my first day at work, I was really impressed by their work ethic. They are very hardworking and comply with every procedures or rule. From the operator, engineers, to even the Division Manager, they were all giving me a very warm welcome. Even though sometimes we find language as a barrier, but we manage to build communication with greetings, body gesture, and a sweet smile every day.
Different with my previous internship at a factory, my mentor, P’Art is a very caring man. He makes sure that I learned as much as possible in the remaining period of time. Therefore, I was given a special project where I can apply all the fundamental knowledge as a chemical engineer I have learned at college. I was responsible to give a new suggestion to change the method of the preventive maintenance plan for replacing the Dryer’s heating panel. It resulted in three significant advantages, which can reduce the plant's downtime period, maximize use of the heating panel, as well as save the maintenance cost. Even in his busiest schedule, P'Art always tried his best to answer my questions and guide me to be ready for work in the future. Here is a photo of me at the DCS with all the chemical engineers. My mentor is the one beside me with the glasses.
On the weekends, SCG took us (engineer student) back to Bangkok for some fun activities. One day we visited Thailand beautiful temples at the famous Grand Palace and Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall. Seeing their cultural buildings, statue, and magnificent art right in front of my eyes was really impressive. They also took us to watch a live soccer game at SCG Stadium, a match between SCG MTUTD VS Consadole Sapporo. Though I am not a big fan of football, personally I always enjoy trying something new for the first time. Then we visited the Safari World to enjoy the smart and cute animals shows. My favorite was, of course, the elephant show! When it was the national holiday, our HR at TPC successfully managed to give us a whole day treat trip to Pattaya! It was so nice and kind of them, we visit the alluring Nong Nooch Garden, the thrilling Ripley’s Believe it or Not, and last but not least to taste the pure grape juice at the Silver Lake.
The other days we went to SCG Experience building exhibition and to SCG Heim factory. It was really inspiring to see the innovation and improvement that SCG put to keep their business growing even bigger. It taught me not to be reluctant to change, to be flexible, and how to shift the change for a better cause. Another activity is a CSR day where we spent the whole day to build a check dam at a rural village. I and my Thai interns also had CSR activities such as cleaning the beach and organizing utensils at a local temple.
It was fun and so pleasing to realize that a simple act could do a much bigger impact.
One month period of time was surely swung by so fast. I enjoy every second I spent there. Every moment I lived, laughter I shared, the knowledge I gained, and especially the new perspective I hold on to. I will try to preserve Thai positive habits such as punctuality, modesty, hospitality, and integrity in the working environment. Above all, I know how hard it was to collect information from my seniors that have joined this program before me. Therefore, I present this article for my juniors who might put interest in this program next year or anyone who will find this writing is worth to share.
For more info about SCG International Internship:
or if there’s anything you want to know more from me feel free to reach me at [email protected]
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Anthony Rizzo Players Can't Sit On Bench According to a report from the Chicago Sun-Times, the world-famous Anthony Rizzo Phrase "Zombie Rizzo" has been told to never be used again. Of course, this is not the first time that the Zombified Chicago Cubs' first baseman has made headlines this year. A year ago, "Rosebud" was the catchphrase that he coined for himself. Also, there is Anthony Rizzo Shirts that come in his name. Now that the Cubs are World Series Champions, Anthony Rizzo is on his way to superstardom. He is leading the World Series in several categories, including hits, runs, home runs, RBI's, OBP, and SLG. Also, he's on track for a staggering year in hits, RBI's, and total bases, all while being second in home runs.
The Cubs Phenom
This season the Chicago Cubs are over 3.5 million in earnings from the local broadcasts alone. The Cubs could lose a good deal of local revenue if they fail to get back to the World Series. But the local revenue is not the biggest factor in the Cub's success. A large part of their success comes from two of their most popular players, third baseman Kris Bryant and first baseman Anthony Rizzo. These two players are now the favorites to win the MVP awards this year, especially if the Cubs are able to stay on top of the wild card standings. A Look at Rizzo Anthony Rizzo is often compared to his college teammate Andrew McCutchen. Both players have performed well at the plate.
The wood pellet mill, that goes by the name of a wood pellet machine, or wood pellet press, is popular in lots of countries around the world. With all the expansion of "biomass energy", there are now various production technologies utilized to convert biomass into useable electricity and heat. The wood pellet machines are one of the typical machines that complete this task.
Wood pellet mills turn raw materials such as sawdust, straw, or wood into highly efficient biomass fuel. Concurrently, the entire process of converting these materials in a more dense energy form facilitates storage, transport, and make use of on the remainder of any value chain. Later on, you will find plans for biomass fuel to replace traditional fuels. Moreover, wood pellet machines supply the chances to start many different types of businesses.
What Is A Wood Pellet Mill?
Wood pellet machines are kinds of pellet machines to process raw materials including peanut shells, sawdust, leaves, straw, wood, plus more. Today the pellet mills can be purchased in different types. Both the main types include the ring die pellet mills as well as the flat die pellet mills. Wood pellet mills are designed for processing many different types of raw materials irrespective of size. The pellet size is very simple to customize with the use of a hammer mill.
The Benefits Of A Wood Pellet Mill
- The gearboxes are made of high-quality cast iron materials which provide excellent shock absorption and low noise. The wood pellet mills adopt a gear drive that makes a better efficiency in comparison with worm drive or belt drive. The gear drive setup really helps to prevent belt slippage while extending the lifespan in the belt drive.
- The equipment shell includes reinforced ribs and increased casting thickness, which significantly enhances the overall strength of those mills, preventing the breakage in the shell.
- The rollers and die are made of premium-quality alloy steel with 55-60HRC hardness.
- These mills adopt an appropriate wood-processing die-hole structure and die-hole compression ratio.
- The electric-control product is completely compliant with CE standard-os.
- The Emergency Stop button quickly shuts along the mill if you are up against an unexpected emergency.
How To Maintain A Wood Pellet Mill
- The belt tightness ought to be checked regularly. If it is now slack, it needs to be tightened immediately.
- The equipment should be situated in a nicely-ventilated area to ensure the temperature created by the motor can emit safely, to extend the lifespan of your machine.
- Before restarting the appliance, any remaining debris has to be cleared from the machine room to reduce starting resistance.
- Oil must be filled regularly to every bearing to market inter-lubricating.
- To ensure the cutter remains sharp, check this part regularly to prevent unnecessary damages for any other part.
- Regularly inspect the cutter screws, to make sure the bond involving the knife and blade remains strong.
- The machine should take a seat on an excellent foundation. Regular maintenance of your machine will prolong the complete lifespan of the machinery.
It was shaping up to yet another dull OPEC+ meeting. Cut and dry. Copy and paste. Rubber-stamping yet another monthly increase in production quotas by 432,000 b/d. Month after month of resisting pressure from the largest economies in the world to accelerate supply easing had inured markets to expectations of swift action by OPEC and its wider brethren in OPEC+.
And then, just two days before the meeting, chatter began that suggested something big was brewing. Whispers that Russia could be suspended made the rounds, an about-face for a group that has steadfastly avoided reference to the war in Ukraine, calling it a matter of politics not markets. If Russia was indeed removed from the production quotas, that would allow other OPEC+ producers to fill in the gap in volumes constrained internationally due to sanctions.
That didn’t happen. In fact, OPEC+ Joint Technical Committee commented that suspension of Russia’s quota was not discussed at all and not on the table. Instead, the JTC reduced its global oil demand forecast for 2022 by 200,000 b/d, expecting global oil demand to grow by 3.4 mmb/d this year instead with the downside being volatility linked to ‘geopolitical situations and Covid developments.’ Ordinarily, that would be a sign for OPEC+ to hold to its usual supply easing schedule. After all, the group has been claiming that oil markets have ‘been in balance’ for much of the first five months of 2022. Instead, the group surprised traders by announcing an increase in its monthly oil supply hike for July and August, adding 648,000 b/d each month for a 50% rise from the previous baseline.
The increase will be divided proportionally across OPEC+, as has been since the landmark supply deal in spring 2020. Crucially this includes Russia, where the new quota will be a paper one, since Western sanctions means that any additional Russian crude is unlikely to make it to the market. And that too goes for other members that haven’t even met their previous lower quotas, including Iraq, Angola and Nigeria. The oil ministers know this and the market knows this. Which is why the surprise announcement didn’t budge crude prices by very much at all.
In fact, there are only two countries within OPEC+ that have enough spare capacity to be ramped up quickly. The United Arab Emirates, which was responsible for recent turmoil within the group by arguing for higher quotas should be happy. But it will be a measure of backtracking for the only other country in that position, Saudi Arabia. After publicly stating that it had ‘done all it can for the oil market’ and blaming a lack of refining capacity for high fuel prices, the Kingdom’s change of heart seems to be linked to some external pressure. But it could seemingly resist no more. But that spotlight on the UAE and Saudi Arabia will allow both to wrench some market share, as both countries have been long preparing to increase their production. Abu Dhabi recently made three sizable onshore oil discoveries at Bu Hasa, Onshore Block 3 and the Al Dhafra Petroleum Concession, that adds some 650 million barrels to its reserves, which would help lift the ceiling for oil production from 4 to 5 mmb/d by 2030. Meanwhile, Saudi Aramco is expected to contract over 30 offshore rigs in 2022 alone, targeting the Marjan and Zuluf fields to increase production from 12 to 13 mmb/d by 2027.
The UAE wants to ramp up, certainly. But does Saudi Arabia too? As the dominant power of OPEC, what Saudi Arabia wants it usually gets. The signals all along were that the Kingdom wanted to remain prudent. It is not that it cannot, there is about a million barrels per day of extra production capacity that Saudi Arabia can open up immediately but that it does not want to. Bringing those extra volume on means that spare capacity drops down to critical levels, eliminating options if extra crises emerge. One is already starting up again in Libya, where internal political discord for years has led to an on-off, stop-start rhythm in Libyan crude. If Saudi Arabia uses up all its spare capacity, oil prices could jump even higher if new emergencies emerge with no avenue to tackle them. That the Saudis have given in (slightly) must mean that political pressure is heating up. That the announcement was made at the OPEC+ meeting and not a summit between US and Saudi leaders must mean that a façade of independence must be maintained around the crucial decisions to raise supply quotas.
But that increase is not going to be enough, especially with Russia’s absence. Markets largely shrugged off the announcement, keeping Brent crude at US$120/b levels. Consumption is booming, as the world rushes to enjoy its first summer with a high degree of freedom since Covid-19 hit. Which is why global leaders are looking at other ways to tackle high energy prices and mitigate soaring inflation. In Germany, low-priced monthly public transport are intended to wean drivers off cars. In the UK, a windfall tax on energy companies should yield US$6 billion to be used for insulating consumers. And in the US, Joe Biden has been busy.
With the Permian Basin focusing on fiscal prudence instead of wanton drilling, US shale output has not responded to lucrative oil prices that way it used to. American rig counts are only inching up, with some shale basins even losing rigs. So the White House is trying more creative ways. Though the suggestion of an ‘oil consumer cartel’ as an analogue to OPEC by Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi is likely dead on arrival, the US is looking to unlock supply and tame fuel prices through other ways. Regular releases from the US Strategic Petroleum Reserve has so far done little to bring prices down, but easing sanctions on Venezuelan crude that could be exported to the US and Europe, as well as working with the refining industry to restart recently idled refineries could. Inflation levels above 8% and gasoline prices at all-time highs could lead to a bloody outcome in this year’s midterm elections, and Joe Biden knows that.
But oil (and natural gas) supply/demand dynamics cannot truly start returning to normal as long as the war in Ukraine rages on. And the far-ranging sanctions impacting Russian energy exports will take even longer to be lifted depending on how the war goes. Yes, some Russian crude is making it to the market. China, for example, has been quietly refilling its petroleum reserves with Russian crude (at a discount, of course). India continues to buy from Moscow, as are smaller nations like Sri Lanka where an economic crisis limits options. Selling the crude is one thing, transporting it is another. With most international insurers blacklisting Russian shippers, Russian oil producers can still turn to local insurance and tankers from the once-derided state tanker firm Sovcomflot PJSC to deliver crude to the few customers they still have.
A 50% hike in OPEC’s monthly supply easing targets might seem like a lot. But it isn’t enough. Especially since actual production will fall short of that quota. The entire OPEC system, and the illusion of control it provides has broken down. Russian oil is still trickling out to global buyers but even if it returned in full, there is still not enough refining capacity to absorb those volumes. Doctors speak of long Covid symptoms in patients, and the world energy complex is experiencing long Covid, now with a touch with geopolitical germs as well. It’ll take a long time to recover, so brace yourselves.
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