The oil industry crash that started at the end of 2014…
… Doesn’t seem to have finished yet as the jobs outlook around the world has yet to improve. There are a few exceptions and anomalies such as the difficulties in finding frack crews, or the resilience of some of the Middle Eastern countries, due to production costs at or around $10 Bbl.
What we’re seeing are similar dynamics to past busts, not just in oil and gas, but in many industries.
Here are a few observations:
The largest companies are resilient due to the long term view they take of the market, and almost unlimited access to capital. For them, surviving a downturn involves adjustments such as accounting tweaks, bond sales, project deferments and job cuts.
Medium sized companies are selling off weaker assets, focusing on cash flow and becoming leaner. One example might include negotiating faster settlements for receivables and delaying payments to suppliers. The focus will be to look at under-performing assets that could be sold, rather than getting taken over by those higher up the food chain.
Small companies find out how valuable their business model really is. In good times, budget can be allocated by medium to larger companies with less caution and/or oversight. Of course, all companies do their best to be efficient at all times, but invariably there will be waste and frivolous expenses during booms. Small companies and start-ups that can survive during good times, might find that their goods or service is not needed when belts start to tighten.
We see daily reports of mergers, acquisitions, discoveries and project news for mid to large scale companies. This article will look at how a couple of smaller companies are riding the storm.We got feedback from 2 very different companies…
… Then see how the lessons learned might help others who are also in the same position.
Relentless Pursuit of Perfection Ltd (rp²) are a leading wells consultancy company. They work with majors to facilitate seminars such as DWOPs, CWOPs and other performance/efficiency based workshops.
2015 and 2016 were fairly standard years for their main workshops, although they saw a drop off for interest in drilling coaching and other lower level services. 2017 is looking to be one of the busiest years ever.
We reached out for a quote from Dave Taylor, the Managing Director at rp²:
We’ve seen a complete drop off for coaching services which is to be expected as many people have dropped down to perform roles that would normally be beneath their pay grade.
The first half of 2017 was one of our best 6 months ever for the larger workshops. We’ve been very busy performing DWOP’s for mid to deep water projects. This might seem counter intuitive since deep water has been hit hardest by the crash.
In a $40-$60 price range, efficiency and cost cutting becomes not just a preference, but a necessity in order for a deep water project to be viable. The majors know about the new exploration crash, and the lead times to get a new project online.
They need future production, but it needs to be profitable. This is where rp² come in, we help major oil companies secure future supply, with minimal risk to their balance sheets by keeping efficiency high, and costs down.
So the lesson here, is that companies need products and services that help them survive. If you can help increase efficiency, and/or lower costs, then you’ll be needed as long as the industry itself survives.Quality, health, safety and environment are facets of exactly the same approach to the business. We can add efficiency and cost saving to the list.Location, location location…
Another way that a small company can survive, is to be placed in a location that is not being hit by the bust.
The oil and gas industry has always had a large transient sector. This applies to companies of all sizes, as well as the workforce themselves. In every oil country around the world, you’ll find satellite offices, and an expat workforce.
Why are there expat oil workers all over the world? The reasons are partly personal such as a love of travel or adventure. The main reason is financial, people and companies move to fertile locations based on economic opportunity. Sometimes these opportunities appear on your doorstep!
We spoke to Josh Munro the CEO at FROutlet, an e-commerce company who sells fire resistant clothing and equipment to oil and gas companies and workers.
Based in Texas, they’ve seen a steady increase in business in the past couple of years, although not without challenges.
The boom in the US onshore oil business has definitely helped us increase turnover. Through feedback from our customer support, as well as seeing patterns in customer addresses, we know that increased drilling activity has helped us.
We send a lot of packages to the Permian Basin, and Eagle Ford for example. We still have our own challenges such as competing with some of the huge national and international e-commerce retailers.
Being based in a booming area (Texas) and offering the same high quality brands, free delivery and money back guarantees has allowed us to do well. We realize how the global oil industry is doing, and we’re thankful that we’ve seemed to have stayed in the eye of the storm so far. One thing that is interesting, is that we tend to sell high end products such as those from Ariat, during good times and bad. Safety is something that should never be compromised on.
Whilst these two companies featured provide only anecdotal evidence, and there are no guarantees in the oil business, there are a couple of takeaways:
Whether you’re an individual worker, or part of a company, are there services and products that you can focus on, that are suited to a bad market? There are likely to be some ways that you could pivot, to allow yourself to thrive the way that Dave has done?
Are you based in the best place for the professional product or service that you’re offering? Now might be the time to consider a re-location of you’re an individual, or an expansion or satellite office into a more fertile area?
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Pioneering technology expert tells ADIPEC Energy Dialogue up to 80 per cent of plant shutdowns could be mitigated through combination of advanced electrification, automation and digitalisation technologies
Greater use of renewables in power management processes offers oil and gas companies opportunities to create efficiencies, sustainability and affordability when modernising equipment, or planning new CAPEX projects
Abu Dhabi, UAE – XX August 2020 – Leveraging the synergies created by the convergence of electrification, automation and digitalisation, can create significant cost savings for oil and gas companies when making both operational and capital investment decisions, according to Dr Peter Terwiesch, President of Industrial Automation at ABB, a Swiss-Swedish multinational company, operating mainly in robotics, power, heavy electrical equipment, and automation technology areas.
Participating in the latest ADIPEC Energy Dialogue, Dr Terwiesch said up to 80 per cent of energy industry plant shutdowns, caused by human error, or rotating machinery or power outages, could be mitigated through a combination of electrification, automation and digitalisation.
“Savings are clearly possible not only on the operation side but also, using the same synergies between dimensions, you can bring down the cost schedule and risk of capital investment, especially in a time when making projects work economically is harder,” explained Dr Terwiesch.
A pioneering technology leader, who works closely with utility, industry, transportation and infrastructure customers, Dr Terwiesch said despite the increasing investment by oil and gas companies in renewables and the growing use of renewables to generate electricity, both for individual and industrial uses, hydrocarbons will continue to have an important role in creating energy, in the short to medium term.
“If you look at the energy density constraints, clearly electricity is gaining share but electricity is not the source of energy; it is a conduit of energy. The energy has to come from somewhere and that can be hydrocarbons, or nuclear, or renewables.” he said.
Nevertheless, he added, the greater use of renewables to generate electricity offers oil and gas companies the option of integrating a higher share of renewables into power management processes to create efficiencies, sustainability and affordability when modernising equipment, or planning new CAPEX projects.
The ADIPEC Energy Dialogue is a series of online thought leadership events created by dmg events, organisers of the annual Abu Dhabi International Exhibition and Conference. Featuring key stakeholders and decision-makers in the oil and gas industry, the dialogues focus on how the industry is evolving and transforming in response to the rapidly changing energy market.
With this year’s in person ADIPEC exhibition and conference postponed to November 2021, the ADIPEC Energy Dialogue, along with insightful webinars, podcasts and on line panels continue to connect the oil and gas industry, with the challenges and opportunities shaping energy markets in the run up to, and following, a planned three-day live stream virtual ADIPEC conference taking place from November 9-11.
An industry first of its kind, the online conference will bring together energy leaders, ministers and global oil and gas CEOs to assess the collective measures the industry needs to put in place to fast-track recovery, post COVID-19.
To watch the full ADIPEC Energy Dialogue series go to: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QZzUd32n3_s&t=6s
Utility-scale battery storage systems are increasingly being installed in the United States. In 2010, the United States had seven operational battery storage systems, which accounted for 59 megawatts (MW) of power capacity (the maximum amount of power output a battery can provide in any instant) and 21 megawatthours (MWh) of energy capacity (the total amount of energy that can be stored or discharged by a battery). By the end of 2018, the United States had 125 operational battery storage systems, providing a total of 869 MW of installed power capacity and 1,236 MWh of energy capacity.
Battery storage systems store electricity produced by generators or pulled directly from the electrical grid, and they redistribute the power later as needed. These systems have a wide variety of applications, including integrating renewables into the grid, peak shaving, frequency regulation, and providing backup power.
Most utility-scale battery storage capacity is installed in regions covered by independent system operators (ISOs) or regional transmission organizations (RTOs). Historically, most battery systems are in the PJM Interconnection (PJM), which manages the power grid in 13 eastern and Midwestern states as well as the District of Columbia, and in the California Independent System Operator (CAISO). Together, PJM and CAISO accounted for 55% of the total battery storage power capacity built between 2010 and 2018. However, in 2018, more than 58% (130 MW) of new storage power capacity additions, representing 69% (337 MWh) of energy capacity additions, were installed in states outside of those areas.
In 2018, many regions outside of CAISO and PJM began adding greater amounts of battery storage capacity to their power grids, including Alaska and Hawaii, the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT), and the Midcontinent Independent System Operator (MISO). Many of the additions were the result of procurement requirements, financial incentives, and long-term planning mechanisms that promote the use of energy storage in the respective states. Alaska and Hawaii, which have isolated power grids, are expanding battery storage capacity to increase grid reliability and reduce dependence on expensive fossil fuel imports.
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-860, Annual Electric Generator Report
Note: The cost range represents cost data elements from the 25th to 75th percentiles for each year of reported cost data.
Average costs per unit of energy capacity decreased 61% between 2015 and 2017, dropping from $2,153 per kilowatthour (kWh) to $834 per kWh. The large decrease in cost makes battery storage more economical, helping accelerate capacity growth. Affordable battery storage also plays an important role in the continued integration of storage with intermittent renewable electricity sources such as wind and solar.
Additional information on these topics is available in the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) recently updated Battery Storage in the United States: An Update on Market Trends. This report explores trends in battery storage capacity additions and describes the current state of the market, including information on applications, cost, market and policy drivers, and future project developments.