Coal-fired electricity generation in China, the world’s largest coal consumer, is expected to remain flat through 2040, according to EIA’s International Energy Outlook 2017 (IEO2017). Other fuels, such as renewables, natural gas, and nuclear power, are expected to make up increasing shares of China’s electricity generation.
Despite declines in coal’s generation share, IEO2017 projects that coal will remain an important component of China’s energy mix, peaking at nearly 4,400 billion kilowatthours (bkWh) by 2030. However, as China continues to replace older, less efficient generators with more efficient units, China’s power sector coal consumption is expected to peak as soon as 2018, at 4,800 million metric tons.
As part of China’s 13th Five-Year Plan, a total of 150 gigawatts (GW) of new coal capacity has been canceled or postponed until at least 2020. Increasingly strict controls on total coal capacity and power plant emissions are expected to prompt the retirement of up to 20 GW of older plants and spur technological upgrades to China’s remaining 1,000 GW of coal power.
Coal remains China’s largest source of electricity, accounting for more than 72% of the nation’s electricity generation in 2015. In the Reference case of EIA’s long-term international energy projections, China’s coal share of generation steadily decreases to nearly 50% by 2040, as generation shares from renewables and nuclear both increase. By 2040, fossil fuels (coal, natural gas, and petroleum) are still expected to make up most of China’s electricity generation mix.
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, International Energy Outlook 2017
EIA expects electricity generated from natural gas to grow by 6.5% between 2015 and 2040, with an addition of 70 GW of natural gas capacity. To support continued development, some energy-intensive urban areas such as the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei metropolitan area and the northeast region of China will be encouraged to replace coal with natural gas.
Current renewable generation in China is dominated by hydroelectricity, which is the country’s second-largest source of generation after coal. Wind and solar currently account for relatively small amounts of generation, at 2.7% and 0.5%, respectively. However, EIA expects substantial growth over the coming decades, consistent with the targets in China’s most recent Five-Year Plan, designed to uphold the country’s commitment to the Paris Agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
In China’s nationally determined contribution (NDC) that it filed as part of the Paris Agreement, the country expressed its intention to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) levels and increase the share of energy consumption from non-fossil sources to 20% by 2030. EIA projects solar capacity to grow to 240 GW by 2040, or by more than 7% per year from 2015 to 2040. Similarly, EIA expects nearly 280 GW of wind capacity to come online between 2015 and 2040, a growth rate of nearly 5% per year.
China’s most recent Five-Year Plan also set a target for the addition of 58 GW of nuclear capacity by 2020. Currently, China has 38 operational nuclear power reactors, with another 19 under construction. In 2015, China’s nuclear power plants generated an estimated 161 billion kilowatthours of electricity, representing 3% of China’s total net electricity generation.
More information about projected energy consumption in China and other countries is available in EIA’s International Energy Outlook 2017.
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Funko Action Figuresare a popular collectible toy that is now being incorporated into the workplace to motivate employees. The action figures have been used as an alternative to the traditional desk calendar or as a prize for top performers. With this type of incentive, employers can expect their employees to feel more motivated and productive.
Many employers have found that Funko Action Figures are a great way to motivate their employees and provide incentives for high performance at work. Funko Action Figures are a popular collectible toy that is now incorporated into the workplace. These small collectibles are given to employees to motivate them. Funko figures were once only available at comic book stores, but now they are being used in offices for this purpose.
The company is called Zappos and they first introduced this idea back in 2009. They gave these figurines to their employees as a way of motivating and rewarding them for their hard work and dedication. Although it’s not very clear why the action figures themselves motivate people, we can see that it has been working well for Zappos as they have continued to use it since 2009. These soft-bodied vinyl figures, often called "Pop!" Figures were originally conceived by Mike Becker and founded by Alan Becker.
The Funko Pop! Action Figure is a line of collectible toys produced by the company Funko LLC. They are typically stylized vinyl figures depicting characters from various media and entertainment. First introduced to the public in 2005, the company was originally founded as a bobblehead company in 1998 and became popular through distribution at chain retailers such as Walmart and Target. The first wave of Funko Pops was based on Disney properties like Mickey Mouse as well as other popular culture icons such as Conan O’Brien and Catwoman.
Funko Action Figures are collectible figurines that often depict pop culture characters. They are often used in the office to motivate employees and provide a sense of community. Funko has established itself as a major player in the toy industry with its trademarked Pop! vinyl figures. This company is taking on new ventures like collecting by introducing Funko Action Figures, for example, Boba Fett from the Star Wars movies. This type of product is sometimes called a 'blind box' because you don't know which figure you're getting until you open it. The Boston-based company, BuzzFeed, has introduced this type of toy into their office to help with team building and morale. The employees at this company seem to have a lot of fun with them.
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