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Last Updated: December 13, 2017
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Adrin Shafil is a Drilling and Completions Manager for Petrofac, and is also a contributing writer for NrgEdge. He has a passion for ERD and is always thinking of the next breakthrough idea for the oil and gas industry.


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1. Before joining the oil & gas industry, you wanted to work in Silicon Valley, also known as the world-leading tech hub. What was the reason for the career move to oil & gas in Malaysia?

Actually, let’s talk about my previous aspirations, even before my ambitions for Silicon Valley. Since as long as I can remember, I wanted to be a doctor in my teenage years. The practice of medicine excited me, and I was an avid viewer of medical TV dramas such as E.R. Even at the end of high school, when ExxonMobil came knocking on my door during my senior year, I declined a scholarship with them in hopes of pursuing a career in medicine. However, ExxonMobil did not give up. After my exams, they invited me over to East Coast Malaysia, to visit their offices, a trip offshore and their processing plant. This was when I realized that I could achieve so much as an engineer, when I observed the complexity of the machinery and people on site hard at work. So, I took the engineering scholarship, and went to New York.


Fortunately for me though, ExxonMobil did not dictate which field I could sign up for. So, after taking a few introductory engineering classes, I finally chose Electrical Engineering, majoring in Computer Hardware design. So, my years at school were basically filled with tinkering with microprocessor design and assembly language (even more basic than computer science programming).
And yes, my ambition back then was slightly swayed by the allure of Silicon Valley, where I went to a few interviews with Intel, EMC2 and Microsoft, but after some soul searching, I decided to go back to my love for oil and gas, so I decided to join ExxonMobil in Kerteh, and was assigned to be part of the drilling team, and have remained a driller ever since.

2. Other than being a member of SPE, what are your other involvements outside of work and how do you find time to be involved?

I am fairly active with IADC (International Association of Drilling Contractors) as a speaker and committee member, as well as participating in industry technical committees led by PETRONAS. Recently I’ve been appointed as the Vice Chairman for WeDSTeC Committee by MPM Drilling in Petronas, which was a great honour. The WeDSTeC Committee is a drilling technical arm under the main umbrella of PETRONAS CORAL 2.0 industry-wide transformation programme, which stands for Cost Reduction Alliance 2.0.


And of course, my current online activities as a leadership influencer on LinkedIn and NrdEdge have proven to be quite rewarding, where I assist multiple layers of people in the oil and gas and other industries reach their true potential.


All of this are quite time-consuming, but I feel it is my responsibility to give back to the industry and community I live in, so I don’t let the time crunch bother me too much.

3. You graduated in computer and electrical engineering from Cornell University. How important is education in shaping one’s career path?

I believe that in high school or in higher level institutions, we are not actually merely learning equations, systems, rules or previous discoveries. What we learn is to develop our own abilities based on the fundamentals and tools given to us, where we are able to take our own path and succeed.


Another way to think about it is, every 3-5 years, a new job type is created, especially in the world of engineering and technology and it’s almost impossible for anybody to be educated specifically for that future job, that does not exist yet. Even in oil and gas, I believe with automation in the 4th industrial revolution with robotics and internet of things, the traditional draw and calculate engineering type will be displaced by program designers and data scientists. So, the journey of self-improvement and change will never end in the world we live in, so why should we limit our options based on our education when we were 18 years old?

4. Do you think that fresh graduates today are well-equipped to navigate their way in their careers? What are the skills and traits that are important to sustain a long-term career in the oil & gas industry?

I believe fresh graduates need to look beyond what they have already done, and have a vision of the future, while figuring out their place in that future. With the ability to reinvent themselves and have the right tools always for that vision, they can enter any industry with confidence, and specifically for oil and gas, they will be the catalysts for the new direction that O&G needs to move towards to, to catch up with the level of sophistication that can be found elsewhere. For example, the world is moving towards big data analytics, automation and A.I., so it’s almost impossible to think that O&G will not transform in the same way. And how will O&G be after the 4th industrial revolution? I will not be around then to witness those changes but the current new graduates will, so they need to be prepared for that future.

5. What are your thoughts on the concept of work-life balance? Do you think that reaching the top of the tier in your career, means losing that balance?

My personal opinion is a balance is entirely up to the individual’s goals in life. You can be great at something, but it’s impossible to be great at everything. And this applies to work-life. If you achieve an equal split between the two, then if you are happy with that, go for it. However, if you want to achieve greatness in perhaps a top tier position like a CEO of a company, then you have to make a choice. For some people, they are comfortable with their choice and make work-life possible. And for some, they do not differentiate between work or life, as life is both work and family. To each their own.

6. You’ve given talks about extended-reach drilling (ERD) and have mentioned it a number of times in your articles – why are you so passionate about ERD and what are your hopes for ERD technology in the future?

ERD has just a special place in my heart. Just like how architects and construction engineers race to build the next record breaking skyscraper, the same affection is felt for ERD by drilling and completion engineers. ERD represents the epitome of what drilling and completions engineers can achieve with the tools that they have. Right now, the world record is up to 13km in length, and Malaysian record is about 6.5km. Of course, well lengths are all dependent on the basin you are drilling, and there is no point drilling further and further if the well is unable to achieve the business value, but it remains my dream to be able to push Malaysian ERD industry to deeper frontiers. My hope is that technology for ERD escapes the confines of drilling rig limitations by transforming the way the tool’s energy source is received and converted to mechanical energy. Currently, hydraulics, torque, and pull are all supplied from surface by the rig, which then limits the ability to drill further. In other words, the rig has to be more powerful but there is a limit and cost on upgrading rigs. But if we can imagine self-powered bottom hole assemblies (tools downhole used for drilling), with powerful hydraulic pumps, and automated navigation abilities and closed loop corrections, we can definitely see the 20km barrier no longer be a hurdle.

7. You have managed to gain quite a large network on your LinkedIn profile and you’re very active on it. How important has your professional network been in your career journey?

I feel blessed and grateful with the following that I currently have, and I personally would like to help and guide as much as I can, with nothing expected in return. However, the interactions that I have and visibility allowed by LinkedIn, helps to create a personal digital brand for myself. I am a firm believer that branding is as important to a company and as important to an individual’s success.


In the real business world, the way I dress, the way I communicate is my visual professional brand. Online, what I share, what I write and comment, will become permanent virtual content, which will become my digital image, my personal brand and my legacy. The benefits of an excellent digital brand include a wider audience recognition of my abilities, spanning within and beyond my own field of expertise. With proper exposure, possibilities may arise to allow me to discover new things or pursue whatever it is that I’m passionate about.

8. Do you have a role model that you look up to?

I’m sure I’d embarrass my boss if I mentioned him by name, so I won’t. But to me, he is my role model as he embodies the company’s values, inspires me to take action and he never tires from coaching me with the right guidance and nudges for me to succeed. He is truly a leader, not a boss, and I’m glad to be working with him.

9. I’m sure you have accomplished many things in your life. Can you share your most memorable achievement?

My latest challenge was being able to deliver two wells with a lean budget and on a fast track basis, in what we recognize as a difficult time for the industry. Even the best laid out strategies could not be executed without a great team. My team this year was able to work within the business constraints, and with best in class performance, delivered the two wells safely. It was no easy feat as this was considered one of the most complex wells in Petrofac to date! I’m proud of my team and what they have achieved.


10. Was there ever a moment in your career when you were frustrated to the point of giving up? How did you recover from it?

Okay now it is time to be frank. I am a rather ambitious person and have been since I was in grade school. When my teacher asked me what I was going to be in the future, at the young age of 11, I answered confidently, “A Menteri Besar” (State Governor). While I did not choose the life of a politician, I’ve continued to be goal-oriented all my life, so I aim higher and higher at every stage of my career. So, when I don’t achieve what I want, or being told its not currently in the pipeline, of course I get crushed. An example was back in 2007, in my sixth year as an engineer, I was promised the job of a US Engineering Supervisor after completing my stint in the worldwide planning group. When I was told I had to wait for another year, I threw a fit and quit my job with immediate effect. That was not my proudest moment, but it all worked out well in the end, as I had plenty of opportunities with other companies and I would not be where I am now, if I did not make that change. But as I mature in the industry, I realize that opportunities have to be earned and may not be at the time what we want. So, perseverance and the ability to reinvent myself is key, because sometimes the opportunities given may be something entirely new, but I have to be ready for it.

11. What is next in the pipeline for you? Do you have a project you’re working on or would like to embark on?

Currently we have plenty of wells at Petrofac to be drilled, and future developments, that will keep me busy.

12. Finally, what is the one piece of valuable advice you can give to oil & gas professionals who are about to step into the industry?

Be mindful that the current difficulty in the industry may be longer than expected, so what the industry really needs are people with creative and innovative minds, to be able to maintain safety, operational excellence and achieve business objectives even with a tight budget. So, use the tools that you have, the skills that you’ve learnt and be ready to suggest the next change for oil and gas, and prepare to work and make it a reality. There will always be somebody to listen and guide you, but you need to be able to drive yourself to achieve your goals.


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Your Weekly Update: 2 - 6 December 2019

Market Watch  

Headline crude prices for the week beginning 2 December 2019 – Brent: US$61/b; WTI: US$55/b

  • As the posturing begins ahead of the OPEC meeting in Vienna, crude oil prices mounted gains as several OPEC members signalled that the club was prepared to deepen cuts to the existing supply deal
  • Data showing that the Chinese manufacturing sector growth jumped unexpectedly in November, although the see-saw messages regarding a potential US-China trade deal continue to cloud the market… especially given recent US legislation to sanction China for its policies in Hong Kong and against its own Uighur community
  • The discussion in Vienna by the OPEC nations and the wider OPEC+ club revolved around adherence and implementation of the current supply deal, focusing on cajoling errant members – ie. Russia – into meeting their quotas, in exchange for a deeper cut to prop up prices
  • This resulted in a decision to cut output by a further 500,000 b/d in Q1 2020 – formalising the supply reductions already in place and subject to all members of OPEC+ implementing all of their pledged curbs; further details on the new plan are expected to be released
  • OPEC’s outlook on the crude market in 2020 has changed slightly, as it expects that the US shale revolution will slow down considerably in the next two years; however, it also warns of additional output coming from non-OPEC members, including Norway and Brazil, the latter being a possible new OPEC member
  • Meanwhile, in the US, the chronic decline in the active rig count continues, with the Baker Hughes index falling by a net 1 last week – the loss of 3 gas rigs offset by the gain of two gas rigs – the 13th decrease in the past 15 weeks, with the active count down 274 y-o-y
  • The decision spinning out of OPEC’s Vienna meeting is broadly positive – not a great shot in the arm, but not detrimental to the current market; as such we see crude prices trading in their current range of US$62-64/b for Brent and US$57-60/b for WTI


Headlines of the week

Upstream

  • Norway’s Equinor has announced that it will scale back exploration activities in frontier areas in the Barents Sea, shedding risk to focus on drilling near existing discoveries such as Johan Castberg and Wisting, and therefore decreasing the chance of discovering a new Arctic oil region
  • Cairn Energy will be exiting Norway as it sells its entire stake in Capricorn Norge AS to Solveig Gas Norway AS for US$100 million
  • Libya’s El Feel – a key field operated by Eni and Libya’s National Oil Corp near the giant Sharara field – has restarted production at 74,000 b/d after clashing between rival fighting factions forced it to shut down
  • Woodside’s development plan for Phase 1 of the offshore Sangomar field in Senegal – targeting production of 100,000 b/d via FPSO – has been submitted to the Senegalese government, paving the way for FID
  • Spurred on by success, ExxonMobil is adding a fifth drillship in Guyana as it probes a new ultra-deepwater prospect just north of the Stabroek block
  • Equatorial Guinea’s latest licensing round was a boon to Lukoil, which walked away with the prime EG-27 block containing the Fortuna gas discovery, while US player Vaalco Energy won 4 blocks in the onshore Rio Muni basin

Midstream/Downstream

  • Pertamina has purchased US crude for the first time in a long while, inking a shipment for 950,000 barrels of US WTI crude with Total to be delivered over 1H 2020 to the Cilacap refinery, pivoting away from Middle East grades
  • Trafigura is looking to sell off its fuel station network in Australia – operated through its retail arm Puma Energy – as continued losses in the space since it entered the market in 2013 for US$850 million pile up
  • Construction on BASF’s giant US$10 billion integrated petrochemicals project in Zhanjiang, Guangdong has begun, with the first phase to be launched in 2022 as the first wholly foreign-owned chemicals complex in China
  • Equatorial Guinea has announced plans to build two new oil refineries – each with a processing capacity of 30-40,000 b/d using local Zafiro crude – along with other projects including a methanol-to-gasoline plant and LNG expansion
  • Bosnia’s sole refinery – the 25,000 b/d Brod site – should be operational by mid-2020, following a major overhaul that began in January 2019

Natural Gas/LNG

  • Algerian piped natural gas exports to Europe have been squeezed out by boosted supply of LNG from Australia and the US, as well as piped gas from Russia, which has forced Sonatrach to turn more of its gas into LNG sold by spot
  • Gunvor has agreed to market LNG from the Commonwealth LNG project in Louisiana internationally, as well as double its own purchases from the project to as much as 3 million tpa once the project begins operations in 2024
  • Norway’s BW Offshore insist that its Kudu natural gas project in Namibia is ‘alive and well’, with talks ongoing with the government two years after the FPSO specialist acquired a 56% stake in the license from NAMCOR
  • ExxonMobil is reportedly looking to sell its 50% stake in the Neptun Deep gas project in the Black Sea offshore Romania – the location of its major Domino discovery – for some US$250 million as it continues on a major asset sale
  • Petronas is sending its second FLNG unit – the PFLNG Dua – to the Rotan gas field in Sabah, beginning liquefaction operations there by February
December, 06 2019
Global Small-Scale LNG Market to Reach 48.3 Million Tons per Annum by 2022 : Energy cost advantage & Environmental Benefits are Major Drivers

The Global Small-Scale LNG Market is projected to grow from 30.8 MTPA in 2016 to 48.3 MTPA by 2022, at a CAGR of 6.7% between 2017 and 2022. The small-scale LNG market across the globe is driven by their increasing LNG demand from remote locations by applications, such as industrial & power, and the ability to transport LNG over long distances without the need for heavy investment such as pipelines. By terminal type, regasification terminal is expected to grow at a highest CAGR between 2017 and 2022. The increasing demand for LNG from the remote locations and global commoditization of LNG are some of the major factors that are driving the demand for small-scale LNG in this segment.

Downlolad PDF Brochure @ https://www.marketsandmarkets.com/pdfdownloadNew.asp?id=226707057

The Linde Group (Germany), Wärtsilä (Finland), Honeywell International Inc. (U.S.), General Electric (U.S.), and Engie (France), among others are the leading companies operating in the small-scale LNG market. These companies are expected to account for significant shares of the small-scale LNG market in the near future.  

Critical questions the report answers:

Growth Drivers are : 

  • Energy cost advantage of LNG over alternate energy sources for end users
  • Environmental benefits
  • Fiscal regime and subsidies

small-scale-lng-market-226707057

Energy cost advantage of LNG over alternate energy sources for end-users

Heavy duty transport companies save approximately 30% on fuel costs on LNG-fueled trucks, compared to diesel fueled trucks, and produce 30% lower emissions. Air pollution from diesel engines is one of the biggest concerns, especially in areas that struggle to meet air-quality standards. On the other hand, natural gas causes complete combustion and fewer emissions than diesel. It is estimated that increasing environmental concerns from the utilization of diesel vehicles is likely to increase the adoption of green fuel technologies such as natural gas. In the case of electric power generation, natural gas engines below 150 KW are more cost effective than oil fueled engines. Fuel cost is one of the major cost for road transportation, which is strongly subject to excise taxation. Typically, an LNG-fueled Volvo FM truck can travel up to 600 km with LNG. With an additional 150 litres of diesel, it can travel up to 1,000 km without refuelling. Thus, reducing the cost of travel. With additional LNG liquefaction capacity expected to come online in the next few years, an oversupply of LNG is expected, which will drive the price of LNG further lower. Considering all these factors, both developed and developing countries are undertaking feasibility studies to recognize the techno-economics of shifting their economies from diesel to natural gas. Therefore, the cheap price of small-scla LNG over others alterantive fuels will drive the growth during the forecast period. 

Small-scale LNG terminals are regarded as facilities, including liquefaction and regasification terminals, with a capacity of less than 1 million tons per annum (MTPA) within the scope of this study. It includes the LNG produced from small-scale liquefaction terminals and regasified at small-scale regasification terminals for catering to applications such as LNG-fueled heavy-duty transport, LNG-fueled ships, and industrial & power generation. 

North America small-scale LNG market is projected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period.

The North America small-scale LNG market is projected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period. In North America, most of the small-scale LNG demand in industrial & power applications is met through peak shaving facilities. The peak shaving facilities are used to meet adequate supply of LNG to address the peak demand. In 2015, there were more than 100 peak shaving facilities in the U.S., among which one-half of the peak shaving facilities were located in the Northeast, while a quarter of them were located in the Midwest. Currently, the U.S. has among the highest number of peak shaving plants. However, less than 10% of them are available for any other use due to the current electricity demand. The commissioning of small-scale liquefaction plants can expand the peak shaving capacities in the region.

Speak to Analyst @ https://www.marketsandmarkets.com/speaktoanalystNew.asp?id=226707057

Major Market Developments: 

  • In December 2016, SkanGas AS signed an agreement with Statoil ASA, an oil and gas company in Norway for the reloading of small-scale LNG at Klaipeda LNG Terminal in Lithuania
  • In November 2016, Wärtsilä signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with ENGIE, a French multinational company to develop services and solutions in the small-scale LNG sector. The agreement includes LNG distribution in remote areas and islands, LNG for ships, small-scale LNG and bio-liquefaction, and LNG to power stations
  • In October 2016, GAZPROM announced to develop a program for a small-scale LNG production, which includes a list of gas distribution stations and liquefaction technologies for LNG production. The program involves the construction of mobile LNG filling stations and cryogenic filling facilities.
  • In June 2014, The Linde Group developed a small-scale LNG technology namely StarLNG™ for the integration into natural gas liquids (NGL) plants. Some of the benefits of this technology includes zero impact on the reliability of the NGL plant production and monetizing the stream of the residue gas through small-scale LNG.

Get 10% FREE Customization on this Study @ https://www.marketsandmarkets.com/requestCustomizationNew.asp?id=226707057

December, 05 2019
Cryogenic Tanks Market - Global Forecast to 2024

The report "Cryogenic Tanks Market by Raw Material (Steel, Nickel Alloy), Cryogenic Liquid (Liquid Nitrogen, LNG), Application (Storage, Transportation), End-use Industry (Metal Processing, Energy Generation, Electronics), and Region - Global Forecast to 2024" The global cryogenic tanks market size is projected to grow from USD 6.2 billion in 2019 and expected to reach USD 8.1 billion by 2024, at a CAGR of 5.5%.

Browse 121 market data Tables and 36 Figures spread through 147 Pages and in-depth TOC on "Cryogenic Tanks Market by Raw Material (Steel, Nickel Alloy), Cryogenic Liquid (Liquid Nitrogen, LNG), Application (Storage, Transportation), End-use Industry (Metal Processing, Energy Generation, Electronics), and Region - Global Forecast to 2024"
View detailed Table of Content here - https://www.marketsandmarkets.com/Market-Reports/cryogenic-tanks-market-26811967.html

The global industry for cryogenic tanks is driven primarily by the increasing demand for LNG. An increase in infrastructure spending, space applications for cryogenic technologies, and cryogenic energy storage systems represent promising growth opportunities for the market. Improving healthcare services in the developing economies is boosting the cryogenic tanks market.

The steel segment is estimated to lead the cryogenic tanks market, by raw material, during the forecast period.

Steel is primarily used in the manufacturing of cryogenic tanks. Most of the materials are ductile at room temperature and abruptly lose their ductility when a given threshold is exceeded. They then become brittle even at relatively low temperatures. The austenitic stainless steel is majorly used for working in the low-temperature range. Carbon and alloy grade steels used for low-temperature service are required to provide high strength, ductility, and toughness in vehicles, vessels, and structures that must be used at –49°F and lower. These factors are contributing to the growth in demand for steel for the manufacturing of cryogenic tanks.

Liquid Nitrogen is the fastest-growing cryogenic liquid segment of the cryogenic tanks market.

Liquid nitrogen is primarily used in metal processing, food & beverage, electronics, and healthcare industries. The steel manufacturing industry is one of the major consumers of nitrogen. Nitrogen is used in the food & beverage industry for food preservation and packaging applications. The use of liquid nitrogen in this industry enables cost savings during storage and transportation and improves food quality. Liquid nitrogen is used to cool normally soft or heat-sensitive materials, such as plastics, tires, and certain metals. The increasing demand for liquid nitrogen from metal processing, food, and medical industries is expected to drive the market in this segment.

Metal processing is expected to lead the end-use industry segment for cryogenic tanks market during the forecast period.

Metal-processing industry was the largest end-use industry for the cryogenic tanks industry. Cryogenic tanks are increasingly being used in the metal processing industry, especially steel the industry. Huge quantities of nitrogen and other industrial gases are used during the steel manufacturing process. Nitrogen is also known to be largest consumed gas in the industry. It is used as a high-pressure gas for laser cutting of steel and metal. The inert properties of nitrogen facilitates its use as a blanketing gas. Some gases, including hydrogen and oxygen, are also used in the metal processing industry.   Cryogenic tanks are commonly used in the storage and transportation of these gases in manufacturing plants, which drives the market demand.

High economic growth rate and growing metal processing and energy generation industries in China, Australia, and India are projected to lead the cryogenic tanks market in APAC during the forecast period.

APAC is the fastest-growing market, in terms of both production and demand. Higher domestic demand, easy availability of raw materials, and low-cost labor make APAC the most preferred destination for the manufacturers of cryogenic tanks. The cryogenic tanks market in India, China, and Australia is expected to witness significant growth during the forecast period. The market is primarily driven by the demand from the energy & power sector. APAC is emerging as a leading consumer of cryogenic tanks, owing to the increasing demand from domestic as well as international markets.

The key players in cryogenic tanks market are Chart Industries (US), Cryofab (US), INOX India (India), Linde PLC (UK), Air Products (US), Cryolor (France), Air Water (Japan), Wessington Cryogenics (UK), FIBA Technologies (US), and ISISAN (Turkey). These players have established a strong foothold in the market by adopting strategies, such as expansion, new product launch, and merger & acquisition.

Don’t miss out on business opportunities in Cryogenic Tanks Market. Speak to our analyst and gain crucial industry insights that will help your business grow.

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December, 05 2019