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Last Updated: January 31, 2018
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Market Watch

Headline crude prices for the week beginning 29 January 2017 – Brent: US$69/b; WTI: US$65/b

  • Oil remains near its recent highs, correcting slightly at the start of this week with a rebound in the dollar and positive US crude output data.
  • The US dollar has been sliding since December, boosting prices – since crude oil is priced in US$. With the US seemingly signalling that a weak dollar might be beneficial, this could further fuel the crude rally.
  • Solidarity within OPEC and its NOPEC allies, led by Russia, is reassuring markets that the group will act beyond 2018 if necessary.
  • A tenth consecutive fall in weekly US crude inventories boosted prices last week, but consensus within the industry is that stockpiles will gain this week, while American output is expected to hit 10 mmb/d ‘soon.’
  • However, US Energy Secretary Rick Perry stood with energy ministers from Russia and Saudi Arabia at Davos last week, stating that he believes the US will not become a ‘spoiler’ for oil markets as new production gets absorbed by global demand, which has returned to healthy growth.
  • Hedge funds have also reportedly bet big on Brent and WTI continuing to rise, as the price future curve is moving in backwardisation all the way through 2022, indicating either rising demand, tightening supply, or both.
  • Confidence has returned, as a poll by DNV GL shows that 63% of 813 industry executives were positive for 2018, with Europe showing the largest improvement (25% to 64%) and Asia at 57% (up from 30%).
  • The active US oil and gas rig count jumped by 11 last week, as the addition of 12 new oil rigs – particularly in the Permian, where the number grew by 18 – offset the loss of a single gas rig.
  • Crude price outlook: The week started with a small correction, but there is enough confidence to keep oil prices at recent levels. US data may temper rises, but Brent should remain within range of US$70/b and WTI at US$66/b.


Headlines of the week

Upstream

  • BP has announced two more new major finds in the UK North Sea; the Capercaillie and Achmelvich discoveries join 18 expected new North Sea startups this year, while boosting BP’s output to 200,000 barrels by 2020.
  • The first export cargo of 500,000 barrels out of the North Sea Catcher Area are been sold a premium to Brent, surprising analysts.
  • China’s CNOOC and Norway’s Petoro has relinquished their interest in the last remaining exploration licence in Iceland; with only a minor junior partner left, this is likely to end of Iceland’s dream of finding oil.
  • Eni has begun exploratory drilling in the Black Sea with Rosneft, but keeping an eye out that it does not circumvent US sanctions on Russia.
  • Russia has remained China’s top crude oil supplier for a 10th month in December 2017, capping off its second year ahead of Saudi Arabia. Russian exports to China hit 1.194 mmb/d over 2017.

Downstream

  • Gunvor has received provisional approval from The Netherlands to add a fuel upgrading unit at its 88 kb/d Rotterdam refinery to meet strict new emission standards for shipping fuels.
  • Russia’s Tatneft has started up a naphtha hydrotreater and isomerisation unit at its TANEKO refinery to improve gasoline quality and gasoil yield.
  • The UAE’s Mubadala Petroleum has announced plans to double the capacity of the Pak Arab refinery in Karachi, Pakistan to 200 kb/d.

Natural Gas/LNG

  • The first Russian LNG cargo has landed in the USA, with the Gaselys tanker dropping off Siberia-sourced LNG in Boston. A second shipment, also by France’s Engie, may be on its way, heading to Massachusetts.
  • Nigeria is seeking to amend its law on gas-flaring penalty, moving it from a charge to a fine, as the former enjoys a tax relief which potentially cost the government billions in gas flaring penalty revenue.
  • Hess Midstream Partners and Targa Resources have formed a joint venture to build a 300 mscf/d dry gas processing plant in Little Missouri, North Dakota to capture gas that is currently being flared in the Bakken.
  • Bangladesh and Indonesia have signed an agreement on LNG imports, as the South Asian country seeks to plug its domestic shortage of natural gas. Bangladesh has several FSRU projects in the pipeline, signing its first ever LNG import deal with Qatar last September.
  • Mubadala Petroleum is aiming to finalise the FID on the Pegaga offshore gas condensate project in Malaysia within this quarter.
  • The government of Sarawak has acquired a 10% stake in the Bintulu LNG complex’s new Train 9, with Petronas acquiescing to the state’s demands.

Corporate

  • Preparing for the future, BP has invested US$5 million in US electric vehicle charging firm FreeWire and is also reportedly considering a US$1.8 billion bid for Italian solar firm Rete Rinnovabile.
  • Malaysia’s Sapura Energy – its largest oil and gas services company – is evaluating a potential public listing of its E&P business on the KLSE.

Thailand’s PTTEP reported a 60% jump in full year 2017 net profits, up to US$594 million from US$ US$372 million, while keeping an eye out to acquire oil and gas assets in Southeast Asia and the Middle East.

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Permian’s Pipeline Lifeline

The Permian is in desperate need of pipelines. That much is true. There is so much shale liquids sloshing underneath the Permian formation in Texas and New Mexico, that even though it has already upended global crude market and turned the USA into the world’s largest crude producer, there is still so much of it trapped inland, unable to make the 800km journey to the Gulf Coast that would take them to the big wider world.

The stakes are high. Even though the US is poised to reach some 12 mmb/d of crude oil production next year – more than half of that coming from shale oil formations – it could be producing a lot more. This has already caused the Brent-WTI spread to widen to a constant US$10/b since mid-2018 – when the Permian’s pipeline bottlenecks first became critical – from an average of US$4/b prior to that. It is even more dramatic in the Permian itself, where crude is selling at a US$10-16/b discount to Houston WTI, with trends pointing to the spread going as wide as US$20/b soon. Estimates suggest that a record 3,722 wells were drilled in the Permian this year but never opened because the oil could not be brought to market. This is part of the reason why the US active rig count hasn’t increased as much as would have been expected when crude prices were trending towards US$80/b – there’s no point in drilling if you can’t sell.

Assistance is on the way. Between now and 2020, estimates suggest that some 2.6 mmb/d of pipeline capacity across several projects will come onstream, with an additional 1 mmb/d in the planning stages. Add this to the existing 3.1 mmb/d of takeaway capacity (and 300,000 b/d of local refining) and Permian shale oil output currently dammed away by a wall of fixed capacity could double in size when freed to make it to market.

And more pipelines keep getting announced. In the last two weeks, Jupiter Energy Group announced a 90-day open season seeking binding commitments for a planned 1 mmb/d, 1050km long Jupiter Pipeline – which could connect the Permian to all three of Texas’ deepwater ports, Houston, Corpus Christi and Brownsville. Plains All American is launching its 500,000 b/d Sunrise Pipeline, connecting the Permian to Cushing, Oklahoma. Wolf Midstream has also launched an open season, seeking interest for its 120,000 b/d Red Wolf Crude Connector branch, connecting to its existing terminal and infrastructure in Colorado City.

Current estimates suggest that Permian output numbered around 3.5 mmb/d in October. At maximum capacity, that’s still about 100,000 b/d of shale oil trapped inland. As planned pipelines come online over the next two years, that trickle could turn into a flood. Consider this. Even at the current maxing out of Permian infrastructure, the US is already on the cusp on 12 mmb/d crude production. By 2021, it could go as high as 15 mmb/d – crude prices, permitting, of course.

As recently reported in the WSJ; “For years, the companies behind the U.S. oil-and-gas boom, including Noble Energy Inc. and Whiting Petroleum Corp. have promised shareholders they have thousands of prospective wells they can drill profitably even at $40 a barrel. Some have even said they can generate returns on investment of 30%. But most shale drillers haven’t made much, if any, money at those prices. From 2012 to 2017, the 30 biggest shale producers lost more than $50 billion. Last year, when oil prices averaged about $50 a barrel, the group as a whole was barely in the black, with profits of about $1.7 billion, or roughly 1.3% of revenue, according to FactSet.”

The immense growth experienced in the Permian has consequences for the entire oil supply chain, from refining balances – shale oil is more suitable for lighter ends like gasoline, but the world is heading for a gasoline glut and is more interested in cracking gasoil for the IMO’s strict marine fuels sulphur levels coming up in 2020 – to geopolitics, by diminishing OPEC’s power and particularly Saudi Arabia’s role as a swing producer. For now, the walls keeping a Permian flood in are still standing. In two years, they won’t, with new pipeline infrastructure in place. And so the oil world has two years to prepare for the coming tsunami, but only if crude prices stay on course.

Recent Announced Permian Pipeline Projects

  • September 2018 – EPIC Midstream Holdings – 675,000 b/d, 1125km, 24-30’ diameter, 4Q19 target opening
  • November 2018, Wolf Midstream Partners – 500,000 b/d, 65km, 16’ diameter, 2H2019 target opening
  • November 2018, Jupiter Energy – 1 mmb/d, 1050km, 36’ diameter, 2020 target opening
  • December 2018, Plains All American Pipeline – 575,000 b/d, 830km, 26’ diameter, 3Q19 target opening
December, 04 2018
Your Weekly Update: 3 - 7 December 2018

Market Watch

Headline crude prices for the week beginning 3 December 2018 – Brent: US$61/b; WTI: US$52/b

  • After falling down to fresh lows last week – with WTI prices dipping below US$50/b at one point – crude oil prices improved after the G20 meeting in Buenos Aires, where the US and China agreed to a temporary truce over their trade war
  • While no concrete agreements over energy were announced at the G20 summit, the slightly thawing in trade tensions allowed crude benchmarks to rise slightly, assisted by an announcement by Canadian producers in Alberta that output would be cut by 325,000 b/d beginning January
  • Russia and Saudi Arabia agreed at the G20 summit to extend the OPEC+ deal into 2019, suggesting that a coordinated oil output cut was in the works, also supported prices ahead of OPEC’s meeting in Vienna this week
  • Not present at the OPEC meeting, however, will be Qatar, which quit the oil cartel in a surprise move; the tiny sultanate said it was quitting due to its small oil production, choosing instead to focus on its LNG industry, but the move can be seen as a response to the Saudi-led boycott of Qatar, calling into question Saudi Arabia’s ability to hold the fragile OPEC coalition together
  • Consensus among analysts point to OPEC+ agreeing to remove some 800,000 b/d of crude oil from the market beginning January, aimed at establishing a floor for oil prices at some US$65/b
  • The downward spiral of crude prices has put the brakes on US drilling activity, with 2 new oil rigs offset by the loss of 5 gas rigs last week; analysts are expecting shale explorers to cut spending budgets in 2019 in response to weak prices, raising spectres of the 2015 price slump
  • Crude price outlook: Ahead of the OPEC meeting on December 6, crude should be kept up by expectations of a renewed supply cut, with Brent likely to trade rangebound around US$61-63/b and WTI at US$52-53/b

Headlines of the week

Upstream

  • Buoyed by the prolific nature of the Permian Basin, Shell has announced plans to nearly double its production in the shale patch with AI-powered technology
  • China and the Philippines have set aside sovereignty issues, signing an agreement for joint exploration and development in the South China Sea
  • Facing severe pipeline bottlenecks, Canada’s Alberta province is looking to purchase rail cars to ship more crude oil by train out of the province towards the US, as a temporary measure while new pipeline are proposed and built
  • Shell has completed the sale of Shell E&P Ireland to Nephin Energy Holdings, which includes a 45% in the Corrib gas venture, for US$1.3 billion
  • In Norway, Shell also sold its interests in the Draugen and Gjøa fields for US$526 million to OKEA AS, but retains its interests in the Ormen Lange and Knarr fields, as well as the Troll, Valemon and Kvitebjørn projects
  • Petrobras has sold its stake in 34 onshore production fields to Brazilian firm 3R Petroleum for US$453.1 million, as well as stakes in three shallow-water offshore fields off Rio de Janeiro to Perenco for US$370 million
  • Pemex tripled its estimated reserves in the Ixachi field to 1.3 billion barrels of oil, calling it the ‘most important onshore field in 25 years’ and expecting peak production of 80,000 b/d of condensate and 720 mscf/d of gas by 2022

Downstream

  • Uganda has pushed back the opening of its first oil refinery to 2023, in line with estimates by Total, CNOOC and Tullow Oil, as crude oil production is now only expected to begin in 2021
  • Malaysia will be introducing a B10 biodiesel mandate in December over a phased rollout, with complete implementation expected by February 2018
  • Pertamina expects to begin works on upgrading its Balikpapan refinery in early 2019, aimed to increasing fuel standards to Euro V and upgrading capacity to process sour crude together with its current medium heavies
  • ExxonMobil plans to upgrade its Rotterdam refinery to expand Group II base stock production, following the installation of a new hydrocracker
  • The US EPA has increased its annual blending mandate for advanced biofuels by 15% and kept conventional biofuels blending requirement steady for 2019, while maintaining waivers for selected refineries

Natural Gas/LNG

  • Petronas and Vitol Asia have signed a long-term LNG supply agreement, with Petronas providing LNG from the LNG Canada project in Kitimat, providing up to 800,000 tons per annum for 15 years beginning 2024
  • Eni and Anadarko have been giving a 2023 deadline to submit key development plans for the Area 1 and 4 LNG complex in Mozambique
  • Tullow Oil is backing the attempt by three former Cove Energy executives in the Comoros Islands by taking stakes in Discover Exploration’s blocks, hoping to repeat the trio’s success in discovering the Rovuma block
  • South Korea’s Posco Daewoo has signed a deal with Brunei National Petroleum Company to jointly explore LNG opportunities in Brunei, with specific focus on the development of the Dehwa area operated by Posco Daewoo
  • Rosnedt and the Beijing Gas Group have set up a joint venture focusing on building and operating a network of up to 170 CNG fuel stations in Russia, using LNG as motor fuel
December, 06 2018
Overall Lubricants Market Is Growing In Bangladesh

The engine oil market has grown up around 10 to 12% in the last three years because of various reasons, mostly because of the rise of automobiles. 

According to the Bangladesh Road Transport Authority (BRTA), the number of registered petrol and diesel-powered vehicles is 3,663,189 units.

The number of automotive vehicles has increased by 2.5 times in the last eight years.

The demand for engine oils will rise keeping pace with the increasing automotive vehicles, with an expected 3% yearly growths.

Mostly, for this reason, the annual lubricant consumption raised over 14% growth for the last four years. Now its current demand is around 160 million tonnes.

The overall lubricants demand has increased also for the growth of the power sector, which has created a special market for industrial lubricants oil.

The lubricants oil market size for industries has doubled in the last five years due to the establishment of a number of power plants across the country.

The demand for industrial oil will continue to rise at least for the next 15 years, as the quick rental power plants need a huge quantity of lube oil to run.

The industries account for 30% of the total lubricant consumption; however, it is expected to take over 35% of the overall demand in the next 10 years.

Mobil is the market leader with 27% market share; however, market insiders say that around 70% market shares belong to various brands altogether, which is still undefined.

 It is already flooded with many global and local brands.

December, 01 2018