EGYPS 2018 Highlights Industry Achievements and Brings Together Global Key Players in North Africa’s largest Oil and Gas Exhibition and Conference
4 February 2018, Cairo - The Egypt Petroleum Show (EGYPS 2018) held under the patronage of H.E. President Abdel Fattah El Sisi, and the auspices of the Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, is set to take place February 12th – 14th at the Egypt International Exhibition Center. As the primary platform highlighting Egypt’s substantial progress and ambitious development plans in the oil and gas industry, the show brings together key ministers, government officials and representatives of major global oil companies as well as local and regional national oil companies, and leading technology and service providers.
Speaking at the pre-show press conference, highlighting its strategic significance and the goals of its proceedings, H.E. Eng. Tarek El Molla, Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources said, “On the back of the tremendous success achieved by the first edition, we are very optimistic about EGYPS 2018. The show’s diverse participants and attendees and its unique features make us very confident that we are on the right track. This year has kicked off with a lot of success stories for the oil and gas sector driven by local and international efforts. Our achievements to date span four mega projects. For the first time in years, we have added a capacity of 1.6 billion cubic feet of natural gas. Last week we celebrated the inauguration of Zohr gas field, and in the past months we have issued the new law regulating the gas market – one of the most important laws that will support the growth of the gas sector across all phases. We look forward to strengthening Egypt’s positioning on the global industry map as a serious contender and a regional energy hub.”
The second edition of EGYPS boasts a number of new and significant features, making it the prime destination for key regional and international investors to work hand in hand with the Egyptian government to expand its capabilities. Mr. Christopher Hudson, President dmg events Global Energy, said of EGYPS 2018, “We are very proud to be the Egyptian government’s partner in success for the second year in a row. With the significant developments in the industry and the country over the past 12 months, we see our role as even more crucial in terms of bringing together industry professionals setting up a show that is a strategic industry pillar in Egypt and the region, and which champions diversity and inclusion.”
H.E Eng. Tarek El Molla continued, “EGYPS 2018 could not have come at a better time, opening further avenues to mutual long term cooperation between the Egyptian government and major global industry players. This year EGYPS is set to witness even bigger participation and will effectively showcase our success to the world as well as our plans to continue to strengthen our achievements.”
EGYPS 2018’s opening ceremony features keynote speakers and ministerial and intergovernmental panels and includes some of the region and the world’s most prominent energy ministers and leaders including H.E. Tarek El Molla, Egypt’s Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, H.E. Mustapha Guitouni, Minister of Energy, People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, H.E. Dr Saleh Ali Hamed Al Kharabsheh, Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources, The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, H.E. Gabriel Obiang Lima, Minister of Mines and Hydrocarbons, Equatorial Guinea and H.E. Jabbar Ali Hussein Al Luaibi, Minister of Oil, Republic of Iraq, H. E. David Mahlobo, Minister of Energy, Republic of South Africa, H.E. Mohamed Barkindo, Secretary General, Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), H.E. Abbas Al Naqi, Secretary General, Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC), H.E. Yury Sentyurin, Secretary General, Gas Exporting Countries Forum (GECF),
Among the show’s highlights is “The Strategic Industry Conference”, bringing together a host of Oil & Gas executives including Claudio Descalzi, CEO, Eni, Bob Dudley, Group Chief Executive, BP, Grigoris Stergioulis, CEO, Hellenic Petroleum, Lorenzo Simonelli, Chairman & CEO, Baker Hughes, a GE Company and Mustafa Sanalla, Board Chairman, NOC Libya to name a few.
While the “CEO Strategic Roundtables” focus on the roles upstream, midstream and downstream sectors play in helping the country achieve its sustainable energy development objectives. Equally of note is the “Finance and Investment Lunch Briefing”, connecting government representatives, NOCs and IOCs with local and international banks, and private equity firms.
Continuing on the show’s other features, Hudson added, “the technical conference will run parallel to EGYPS 2018 exhibition, encompassing 31 sessions that cover more than 11 technical disciplines intended to tackle some of the most eminent matters in the energy sector.” Hudson indicated that the convention also includes the “Women in Energy Conference” - and its newly introduced Awards - and the Security and HSE in Energy conference, he said, “ “The Women in Energy” conference and awards reflect the government and industry’s commitment to inclusion and diversity, saluting and recognising the outstanding achievements and contributions of women in the sector. EGYPS 2018 will also feature the newly introduced “Security and HSE in Energy” conference, which comes at a time when the health, safety and security of human resources and infrastructure is more crucial than ever.”
EGYPS 2018 will host over 400 exhibiting companies, 15,000 attendees, 11 country pavilions from major oil producing countries that include Bahrain, China, France, Germany, Italy, Norway, Russia, Scotland, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom and the United States of America, more than 1,000 conference delegates, in addition to over 150 expert speakers taking part in over 50 dedicated industry sessions.
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The constant domestic fighting in Libya – a civil war, to call a spade a spade, has taken a toll on the once-prolific oil production in the North African country. After nearly a decade of turmoil, it appears now that the violent clash between the UN-recognised government in Tripoli and the upstart insurgent Libyan National Army (LNA) forces could be ameliorating into something less destructive with the announcement of a pact between the two sides that would to some normalisation of oil production and exports.
A quick recap. Since the 2011 uprising that ended the rule of dictator Muammar Gaddafi, Libya has been in a state of perpetual turmoil. Led by General Khalifa Haftar and the remnants of loyalists that fought under Gaddafi’s full-green flag, the Libyan National Army stands in direct opposition to the UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA) that was formed in 2015. Caught between the two sides are the Libyan people and Libya’s oilfields. Access to key oilfields and key port facilities has changed hands constantly over the past few years, resulting in a start-stop rhythm that has sapped productivity and, more than once, forced Libya’s National Oil Corporation (NOC) to issue force majeure on its exports. Libya’s largest producing field, El Sharara, has had to stop production because of Haftar’s militia aggression no fewer than four times in the past four years. At one point, all seven of Libya’s oil ports – including Zawiyah (350 kb/d), Es Sider (360 kb/d) and Ras Lanuf (230 kb/d) were blockaded as pipelines ran dry. For a country that used to produce an average of 1.2 mmb/d of crude oil, currently output stands at only 80,000 b/d and exports considerably less. Gaddafi might have been an abhorrent strongman, but political stability can have its pros.
This mutually-destructive impasse, economically, at least might be lifted, at least partially, if the GNA and LNA follow through with their agreement to let Libyan oil flow again. The deal, brokered in Moscow between the warlord Haftar and Vice President of the Libyan Presidential Council Ahmed Maiteeq calls for the ‘unrestrained’ resumption of crude oil production that has been at a near standstill since January 2020. The caveat because there always is one, is that Haftar demanded that oil revenues be ‘distributed fairly’ in order to lift the blockade he has initiated across most of the country’s upstream infrastructure.
Shortly after the announcement of the deal, the NOC announced that it would kick off restarting oil production and exports, lifting an 8-month force majeure situation, but only at ‘secure terminals and facilities’. ‘Secure’ in this cases means facilities and fields where NOC has full control, but will exclude areas and assets that the LNA rebels still have control. That’s a significant limitation, since the LNA, which includes support from local tribal groups and Russian mercenaries still controls key oilfields and terminals. But it is also a softening from the NOC, which had previously stated that it would only return to operations when all rebels had left all facilities, citing safety of its staff.
If the deal moves forward, it would certainly be an improvement to the major economic crisis faced by Libya, where cash flow has dried up and basic utilities face severe cutbacks. But it is still an ‘if’. Many within the GNA sphere are critical of the deal struck by Maiteeq, claiming that it did not involve the consultation or input of his allies. The current GNA leader, Prime Minister Fayyaz al Sarraj is also stepping down at the end of October, ushering in another political sea change that could affect the deal. Haftar is a mercurial beast, so predictions are difficult, but what is certain is that depriving a country of its chief moneymaker is a recipe for disaster on all sides. Which is why the deal will probably go ahead.
Which is bad news for the OPEC+ club. Because of its precarious situation, Libya has been exempt for the current OPEC+ supply deal. Even the best case scenarios within OPEC+ had factored out Libya, given the severe uncertainty of the situation there. But if the deal goes through and holds, it could potentially add a significant amount of restored crude supply to global markets at a time when OPEC+ itself is struggling to manage the quotas within its own, from recalcitrant members like Iraq to surprising flouters like the UAE.
Mathematically at least, the ceiling for restored Libyan production is likely in the 300-400,000 b/d range, given that Haftar is still in control of the main fields and ports. That does not seem like much, but it will give cause for dissent within OPEC on the exemption of Libya from the supply deal. Libya will resist being roped into the supply deal, and it has justification to do so. But freeing those Libyan volumes into a world market that is already suffering from oversupply and weak prices will be undermining in nature. The equation has changed, and the Libyan situation can no longer be taken for granted.
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According to 2018 data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) for newly constructed utility-scale electric generators in the United States, annual capacity-weighted average construction costs for solar photovoltaic systems and onshore wind turbines have continued to decrease. Natural gas generator costs also decreased slightly in 2018.
From 2013 to 2018, costs for solar fell 50%, costs for wind fell 27%, and costs for natural gas fell 13%. Together, these three generation technologies accounted for more than 98% of total capacity added to the electricity grid in the United States in 2018. Investment in U.S. electric-generating capacity in 2018 increased by 9.3% from 2017, driven by natural gas capacity additions.
The average construction cost for solar photovoltaic generators is higher than wind and natural gas generators on a dollar-per-kilowatt basis, although the gap is narrowing as the cost of solar falls rapidly. From 2017 to 2018, the average construction cost of solar in the United States fell 21% to $1,848 per kilowatt (kW). The decrease was driven by falling costs for crystalline silicon fixed-tilt panels, which were at their lowest average construction cost of $1,767 per kW in 2018.
Crystalline silicon fixed-tilt panels—which accounted for more than one-third of the solar capacity added in the United States in 2018, at 1.7 gigawatts (GW)—had the second-highest share of solar capacity additions by technology. Crystalline silicon axis-based tracking panels had the highest share, with 2.0 GW (41% of total solar capacity additions) of added generating capacity at an average cost of $1,834 per kW.
Total U.S. wind capacity additions increased 18% from 2017 to 2018 as the average construction cost for wind turbines dropped 16% to $1,382 per kW. All wind farm size classes had lower average construction costs in 2018. The largest decreases were at wind farms with 1 megawatt (MW) to 25 MW of capacity; construction costs at these farms decreased by 22.6% to $1,790 per kW.
Compared with other generation technologies, natural gas technologies received the highest U.S. investment in 2018, accounting for 46% of total capacity additions for all energy sources. Growth in natural gas electric-generating capacity was led by significant additions in new capacity from combined-cycle facilities, which almost doubled the previous year’s additions for that technology. Combined-cycle technology construction costs dropped by 4% in 2018 to $858 per kW.
Fossil fuels, or energy sources formed in the Earth’s crust from decayed organic material, including petroleum, natural gas, and coal, continue to account for the largest share of energy production and consumption in the United States. In 2019, 80% of domestic energy production was from fossil fuels, and 80% of domestic energy consumption originated from fossil fuels.
The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) publishes the U.S. total energy flow diagram to visualize U.S. energy from primary energy supply (production and imports) to disposition (consumption, exports, and net stock additions). In this diagram, losses that take place when primary energy sources are converted into electricity are allocated proportionally to the end-use sectors. The result is a visualization that associates the primary energy consumed to generate electricity with the end-use sectors of the retail electricity sales customers, even though the amount of electric energy end users directly consumed was significantly less.
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Monthly Energy Review
The share of U.S. total energy production from fossil fuels peaked in 1966 at 93%. Total fossil fuel production has continued to rise, but production has also risen for non-fossil fuel sources such as nuclear power and renewables. As a result, fossil fuels have accounted for about 80% of U.S. energy production in the past decade.
Since 2008, U.S. production of crude oil, dry natural gas, and natural gas plant liquids (NGPL) has increased by 15 quadrillion British thermal units (quads), 14 quads, and 4 quads, respectively. These increases have more than offset decreasing coal production, which has fallen 10 quads since its peak in 2008.
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Monthly Energy Review
In 2019, U.S. energy production exceeded energy consumption for the first time since 1957, and U.S. energy exports exceeded energy imports for the first time since 1952. U.S. energy net imports as a share of consumption peaked in 2005 at 30%. Although energy net imports fell below zero in 2019, many regions of the United States still import significant amounts of energy.
Most U.S. energy trade is from petroleum (crude oil and petroleum products), which accounted for 69% of energy exports and 86% of energy imports in 2019. Much of the imported crude oil is processed by U.S. refineries and is then exported as petroleum products. Petroleum products accounted for 42% of total U.S. energy exports in 2019.
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Monthly Energy Review
The share of U.S. total energy consumption that originated from fossil fuels has fallen from its peak of 94% in 1966 to 80% in 2019. The total amount of fossil fuels consumed in the United States has also fallen from its peak of 86 quads in 2007. Since then, coal consumption has decreased by 11 quads. In 2019, renewable energy consumption in the United States surpassed coal consumption for the first time. The decrease in coal consumption, along with a 3-quad decrease in petroleum consumption, more than offset an 8-quad increase in natural gas consumption.
EIA previously published articles explaining the energy flows of petroleum, natural gas, coal, and electricity. More information about total energy consumption, production, trade, and emissions is available in EIA’s Monthly Energy Review.
Principal contributor: Bill Sanchez