Easwaran Kanason

Co - founder of NrgEdge
Last Updated: August 1, 2018
1 view
Business Trends
image

Here is a brief background story of the growing debate about the allocation of oil royalties in select states in Malaysia. 

The election that swept the former ruling coalition out of power in Malaysia three months ago was historic. Implementing the new Pakatan Harapan’s election manifesto, however, has proven a bit more challenging as populist measures have been hampered by bureaucracy and inertia. And now, a new spat is brewing – Malaysian state rights over oil royalties.

At present, Malaysia’s upstream extraction is conducted by Petronas on behalf of the federal and state governments. This unifies oil extraction under one national oil company, and has allowed Petronas to forge domestic and international pacts under the PSC system that has made it one of the best run state oil firms in the world. At present, Petronas pays a 10% royalty (based on gross production), 5% to the federal government and 5% to each state government. Of the remainder, 20% goes to cost oil to recover the cost of production, while 70% is split between Petronas and operators like Shell, Murphy Oil and Sapura Energy.

Malaysian states have long requested for their 5% royalty – paid twice yearly by Petronas regardless of field profitability – to be raised. In the past, east coast peninsula states Terengganu and Kelantan were the most vocal, particularly because they were intermittently ruled by (then) opposition parties, but East Malaysian states Sabah and Sarawak have increased their tone as well. This is particularly important given that the bulk of new finds and operations are focused on East Malaysia deepwater. Sarawak itself has gone as far as to create a state oil firm to participate in PSCs to increase its share of oil revenue. There are grouses elsewhere: in 1999, when opposition party PAS took Terengganu state, the oil royalty payment to the state stopped. In the leadup to the 14th General Election, Pakatan Harapan had promised to restore payments and increase the royalty to 20%. And now that it is in actual power, it seems to be backtracking.

New Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamed announced that the royalty would indeed be raised to 20%, but it would now be based on net profit instead of gross profit. Uproar ensued. Royalties based on gross production had always been the norm, and the new government was accused of moving the goalposts. Economic Affairs minister Azmin Ali claims that raising the royalty to 20% of gross profits would ‘destroy Petronas’ and has not given a timeframe for the implementation of the new royalty rule, citing the need to federal-state discussions and a need to change the Petroleum Development Act 1974. The states are not happy – especially because they were instrumental in toppling the previous BN government – and this could play into the fragile balance currently holding the government together under Mahathir’s sheer force of will.  Opposition parties have already begun capitalising on the ‘controversy’. A state seat by-election is scheduled for August 4, and will be seen as a litmus test for the effectiveness of the new government. A new government may be in place, but issues of old are still rearing their head.

Malaysian Oil Production By Area: 

  • Peninsula Malaysia: 20%
  • Sabah (Borneo): 50%
  • Sarawak (Borneo): 30%

Sign-up to NrgEdge right here: http://bit.ly/2vt2c8T for weekly oil & gas market updates and analysis.

Read more:
Petronas Malaysia Pakatan Harapan General Election GE2018 Mahathir oil royalties
3
0 2

Something interesting to share?
Join NrgEdge and create your own NrgBuzz today

Latest NrgBuzz

Our Team Can Write Your Paper

Every college student knows how daunting some college assignments may be. Therefore, most of them are searching for time-tested and appreciated essay writing services that can offer quality, safe and affordable assistance. 

Are you the one who is looking for the platform that will “do my essay for me cheap and fast?” Do not waste your time browsing the web, but rather focus on the WritePaperForMe page. 

The overwhelming majority of college students claim the service to be reliable and efficient. Quality and authenticity of the accomplished assignments, timeliness of the submission, the safety of the personal information and affordability of provided services are the core values of the team. 

Therefore, if you are still searching for an answer to the “who can write my essay for me cheap” question, you should give WritePaperForMe a try. Talk to the staff, providing them with the details of your order. Instead of asking, “Do my paper for me fast and cheap”, you should be more precise, specifying your requirements. 

As one of the students mentioned, “the team of professionals do not only write my paper but also take maximum care of my safety and success”. 

December, 09 2021
floating fish feed production equipment for sale

floating fish feed pellet machine is widely used for produce high-grade aquatic feed pellets for fish, catfish, tilapia,shrimp,crab,lobsters,etc.Food for fishes requires contains rich crude protein, but the crude protein in the food is hard to digest for the fish.Fish feed pellet mill is specially designed to solve such problems. After being extruding processed by the machine, the feed can be easy to digest. Moreover, the user can change extrusion degree to influence floating time,it also can produce both floating and sinking type fish feed pellet .Fish food making machine with advanced single screw extruder,doesn’t need steam boiler.Floating fish feed pellet mill is used to produce floating fish feeds at home or for small scale fish farms with low cost investment.It ensures the new investors affordable to the machine,it is the best choice for aquaculture farms ,small and medium fish feed processing plants .

The floating fish feed pellet machine production equipment operated well without any preconditioning of the feed material other than grinding. This allows the fish food making machine to accept a dry, free flowing material, therefore simplifying the preparation equipment.The fish feed pellet machine can produce human foods, animal feeds and adhesives made from cereal grains. it can impart cooks that destroy undesired enzymes, such as urease, lipase and myroxinase. These extruder machine transform cereal,grain,oilseeds into porous collects that dissolve extract very efficiently. The outlet of fish feed pellet mill equipped with a firmly mounted mold, so it can produce different size and shape feed pellet .Moreover, one fish feed pellet machine is equipped with extra easy wear parts for free including two sleeves, one screw, one cutting knife and three die moulds.

December, 01 2021
animal feed pellet mill for sale,animal feed pellet machine making poultry feed

Animal feed pellet mill is mainly used for small-scale production of animal and poultry feed pellets, it’s popular in grain feed factory, farm, poultry farm,small size feed plant.The raw materials are easy to obtain in most place, like corn, maize, wheat bran, rice, beans,cassava,grass ,stalk etc. Driven by electric motor makes it more energy-saving and environmental friendly,,it can be used for diesel drive for the electric power shortage area.The animal feed pellet market is growing fast with recent years,feed pellet mill machine becomes more and more popular in breeding industry. Featured with the unique advantages of competitive price, low consumption,simple structure and small area coverage,it is an ideal pelleting machine for small-scale industrial production and home use.That’s why more and more families and plants choosing them to produce the feed pellets.

Features of livestock feed pellet making machine

● Cheap price
The feed pellets are expensive and can cost you much money. you will not have to buy the pellets from the shop with this machine.Due to their different model with different prices, you can select one that will match your budget.
● Multifunction
The good thing about this machine is that it caters for both small and large farmers. It will help you develop high quality feeds that will improve the growth of your livestock. The machine is great because you will get the feeds without much effort. It will perform most of the tasks for you.
● Small size
Cattle feed equipment is small and light in weight to allow you to transfer it to your place of choice.With the pig feed pellet machine, you will perform all the tasks by yourself.
● Easy to operate
This feed pellet making machine adopted high precision gear driven,advanced flexible coupling to get high production efficiency .Once you purchase this equipment, you will easily come up with quality feed pellets without any skills,it’s not necessary to hiring a professional worker to operate it for you.

December, 01 2021