Oil and gas is the most dominant sector in the world, not just on the basis of revenues and profits but also in terms of influence. Let us look at the list of the world’s biggest oil and gas companies based on revenue and a few of their current open positions.
1. Saudi Aramco
Officially the Saudi Arabian Oil Company, popularly referred as Aramco (formerly Arabian-American Oil Company), is a Saudi Arabian national petroleum and natural gas company headquartered in Dhahran. It is regarded as the largest company in the world by revenue.
Bloomberg News claims it to be the most profitable company in the world. It has second-largest crude oil reserves and second largest daily oil production.
Location: Saudi Arabia
Location: Saudi Arabia
2. China Petrochemical Corporation,
China Petrochemical Corporation or the Sinopec Group is the world's largest oil refining, gas, and petrochemical conglomerate.
Headquartered in Beijing, its business segments include oil and gas exploration and production, chemical marketing, petroleum engineering, petrochemical refining and refined products marketing, engineering and construction, as well as international trade.
The rise in crude oil prices and the boost in sales volume of natural gas has led to the surge in revenue for the company in the recent times. The company credits its petrochemical refining and distribution segment for over half its revenue contribution.
A US-based international oil and gas company, ExxonMobil markets oil and gas products within six continents. The company was formed by the merger of Exxon (formerly the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey) and Mobil (formerly the Standard Oil Company of New York).
It acquired the InterOil Corporation and a 25% stake in the Area 4 block in Mozambique in 2017.
Exxon reported that its upstream and downstream activities are the prime drivers of the revenue.
4. Royal Dutch Shell Plc
Royal Dutch Shell is headquartered in the Netherlands and is incorporated in the United Kingdom. The company operates in more than 70 countries worldwide and produced more than 66 million tonnes (Mt) of LNG year ago.
It focuses on the exploration, development, production, refining, and marketing of oil and natural gas, as well as related chemicals. Its operations are divided into four business segments: upstream, integrated gas, new energies and downstream.
The downstream business, which includes the supply of fuel and lubricants to various industries, was termed as the biggest contributor to the company's revenue in the recent times.
More Jobs in Shell:
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5. Kuwait Petroleum Corporation
Kuwait Petroleum Corporation is Kuwait's national oil company, which is headquartered in Kuwait City.
The business activities of the company are focused on petroleum exploration, production, petrochemicals, refining, marketing, and transportation. It produces 7% of the world's total crude oil.
6. BP Plc
Headquartered in London, UK, BP Plc provides customers with energy products and services related to natural gas, oil, petrochemicals, and power. It has operations in 70 countries and comprises of business segments that include: upstream, downstream, Rosneft and other businesses.
It started 7 major projects in the upstream segment last year.
7. Total SA
Total is a France-based organization that operates in more than 130 countries. The business segment of the company comprises of Exploration & Production, Gas, Renewables & Power, Refining & Petrochemicals, and Marketing & Services. It is the second biggest refining company in Western Europe and has equity stakes in 18 refineries. The company is witnessing an upward swing in its revenue numbers past couple of years.
The PJSC Lukoil Oil Company is a Russian multinational energy corporation based in Moscow. It specializes in extraction, production, transport, and sale of natural gas, petroleum, and petroleum products.
The company name is the combination of the acronym LUK, which is initials of the oil-producing cities of Langepas, Uray, and Kogalym. It is the second largest company in Russia after Gazprom. It is referred to as the largest non-state enterprise in the nation in terms of revenue and is considered as one of the largest global producers of crude oil in the international market.
Eni S.p.A. is an Italian multinational oil and gas company which has its base in Rome. It is regarded as one of the global supermajors. It has operations in 79 countries.
The name "ENI" was initially the acronym of "Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi” which translates into National Hydrocarbons Authority.
10. Valero Energy
Valero Energy Corporation is headquartered in San Antonio, Texas, United States. The company owns and operates 16 refineries throughout the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom.
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When it was first announced in 2012, there was scepticism about whether or not Petronas’ RAPID refinery in Johor was destined for reality or cancellation. It came at a time when the refining industry saw multiple ambitious, sometimes unpractical, projects announced. At that point, Petronas – though one of the most respected state oil firms – was still seen as more of an upstream player internationally. Its downstream forays were largely confined to its home base Malaysia and specialty chemicals, as well as a surprising venture into South African through Engen. Its refineries, too, were relatively small. So the announcement that Petronas was planning essentially, its own Jamnagar, promoted some pessimism. Could it succeed?
It has. The RAPID refinery – part of a larger plan to turn the Pengerang district in southern Johor into an oil refining and storage hub capitalising on linkages with Singapore – received its first cargo of crude oil for testing in September 2018. Mechanical completion was achieved on November 29 and all critical units have begun commissioning ahead of the expected firing up of RAPID’s 300 kb/d CDU later this month. A second cargo of 2 million barrels of Saudi crude arrived at RAPID last week. It seems like it’s all systems go for RAPID. But it wasn’t always so clear cut. Financing difficulties – and the 2015 crude oil price crash – put the US$27 billion project on shaky ground for a while, and it was only when Saudi Aramco swooped in to purchase a US$7 billion stake in the project that it started coalescing. Petronas had been courting Aramco since the start of the project, mainly as a crude provider, but having the Saudi giant on board was the final step towards FID. It guaranteed a stable supply of crude for Petronas; and for Aramco, RAPID gave it a foothold in a major global refining hub area as part of its strategy to expand downstream.
But RAPID will be entering into a market quite different than when it was first announced. In 2012, demand for fuel products was concentrated on light distillates; in 2019, that focus has changed. Impending new International Maritime Organisation (IMO) regulations are requiring shippers to switch from burning cheap (and dirty) fuel oil to using cleaner middle distillate gasoils. This plays well into complex refineries like RAPID, specialising in cracking heavy and medium Arabian crude into valuable products. But the issue is that Asia and the rest of the world is currently swamped with gasoline. A whole host of new Asian refineries – the latest being the 200 kb/d Nghi Son in Vietnam – have contributed to growing volumes of gasoline with no home in Asia. Gasoline refining margins in Singapore have taken a hit, falling into negative territory for the first time in seven years. Adding RAPID to the equation places more pressure on gasoline margins, even though margins for middle distillates are still very healthy. And with three other large Asian refinery projects scheduled to come online in 2019 – one in Brunei and two in China – that glut will only grow.
The safety valve for RAPID (and indeed the other refineries due this year) is that they have been planned with deep petrochemicals integration, using naphtha produced from the refinery portion. RAPID itself is planned to have capacity of 3 million tpa of ethylene, propylene and other olefins – still a lucrative market that justifies the mega-investment. But it will be at least two years before RAPID’s petrochemicals portion will be ready to start up, and when it does, it’ll face the same set of challenging circumstances as refineries like Hengli’s 400 kb/d Dalian Changxing plant also bring online their petchem operations. But that is a problem for the future and for now, RAPID is first out of the gate into reality. It won’t be entering in a bonanza fuels market as predicted in 2012, but there is still space in the market for RAPID – and a few other like in – at least for now.
RAPID Refinery Factsheet:
Tyre market in Bangladesh is forecasted to grow at over 9% until 2020 on the back of growth in automobile sales, advancements in public infrastructure, and development-seeking government policies.
The government has emphasized on the road infrastructure of the country, which has been instrumental in driving vehicle sales in the country.
The tyre market reached Tk 4,750 crore last year, up from about Tk 4,000 crore in 2017, according to market insiders.
The commercial vehicle tyre segment dominates this industry with around 80% of the market share. At least 1.5 lakh pieces of tyres in the segment were sold in 2018.
In the commercial vehicle tyre segment, the MRF's market share is 30%. Apollo controls 5% of the segment, Birla 10%, CEAT 3%, and Hankook 1%. The rest 51% is controlled by non-branded Chinese tyres.
However, Bangladesh mostly lacks in tyre manufacturing setups, which leads to tyre imports from other countries as the only feasible option to meet the demand. The company largely imports tyre from China, India, Indonesia, Thailand and Japan.
Automobile and tyre sales in Bangladesh are expected to grow with the rising in purchasing power of people as well as growing investments and joint ventures of foreign market players. The country might become the exporting destination for global tyre manufacturers.
Several global tyre giants have also expressed interest in making significant investments by setting up their manufacturing units in the country.
This reflects an opportunity for local companies to set up an indigenous manufacturing base in Bangladesh and also enables foreign players to set up their localized production facilities to capture a significant market.
It can be said that, the rise in automobile sales, improvement in public infrastructure, and growth in purchasing power to drive the tyre market over the next five years.
Headline crude prices for the week beginning 14 January 2019 – Brent: US$61/b; WTI: US$51/b
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