The year 2018 has been quite a rollercoaster. It started off with optimism, veered into uncertainty and ends with the blues. Oil prices started on an upward swing at US$66/b for Brent, reached a peak of US$81/b, then fell to a low of US$49/b. The market swang from balanced supply/demand to a supply crunch to a glut – dealing with American sanctions on Iranian crude exports, surging American crude oil production, the implosion of Venezuela’s economy and signs that the global economy might be entering a slowdown. If this was a wild ride, what could 2019 hold?
Quarter 1 2019 – The crude oil market will start the year off in a slightly stronger position than it ended 2018, bouncing back from recent lows at US$54/b. The new OPEC+ supply deal – which aims to curb production by 1.2 mmb/d – goes into effect, and traders will be watching to see if the cuts have a material impact. Sometime in the first quarter, American crude oil production will hit 12 mmb/d, cementing its position as the world’s largest oil producer as Saudi Arabia and Russia cut back output as part of the OPEC+ supply deal. Upstream production curbs in Canada’s Alberta – hampered by pipeline capacity – will continue. A new Democrat-led House of Representatives takes office in the US, which could frustrate President Donald Trump’s agenda, with the threat of investigation and impeachment raising the risk of triggering volatility.
Quarter 2 2019 – OPEC+ meets in April to review the supply deal agreed in December 2018. Saudi Arabia has been promising ‘deeper cuts’, but there will be pushback from some members worried about ceding ground to American shale. Russia has already expressed some reticence, and Iran is unlikely to support another major cut. The power of OPEC – which has already lost Qatar as a member – will be questioned. A lot will depend on the question of American waivers of Iranian crude imports for eight major buyers, which expire in May. The waivers should continue – which should allow room for negotiation – but a shock could happen if they are allowed to expire.
Quarter 3 2019 – The first of a new wave of pipelines connecting the Permian Basin to the US Gulf Coast should begin commissioning and operation. With capacity of at least an additional 1.5 mmb/d of American shale oil making it to market, this could trigger another boom in Permian output and change the dynamics of the global oil market, just as American LNG has upended the global gas market. OPEC’s bi-annual Vienna meeting in June will address this. Will there be a place for light, sweet US crude in the world, particularly since there will continue to be a global oversupply of gasoline? Perhaps for petrochemical use, but refining demand will increasingly be geared toward medium and heavier grades to be cracked by upgraded refineries into gasoil ahead of the IMO’s new rules of fuel oil and sulfur levels rolling out in 2020
Quarter 4 2019 – Depending on market conditions, American crude production could be on the cusp of hitting 13 mmb/d – presenting yet another problem as OPEC meets in December. The inexorable rise of US oil is inevitable, and we could see OPEC switch tactics from accommodation to aggression. If the Iranian crude export waivers are extended in May, they will end in this quarter – throwing another finicky variable into a complicated year. The year might end the way it began, characterised by a frustrating stalemate between free market and controlled oil production.
Major predictions for 2019 oil prices (Brent)
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Headline crude prices for the week beginning 2 December 2019 – Brent: US$61/b; WTI: US$55/b
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The Global Small-Scale LNG Market is projected to grow from 30.8 MTPA in 2016 to 48.3 MTPA by 2022, at a CAGR of 6.7% between 2017 and 2022. The small-scale LNG market across the globe is driven by their increasing LNG demand from remote locations by applications, such as industrial & power, and the ability to transport LNG over long distances without the need for heavy investment such as pipelines. By terminal type, regasification terminal is expected to grow at a highest CAGR between 2017 and 2022. The increasing demand for LNG from the remote locations and global commoditization of LNG are some of the major factors that are driving the demand for small-scale LNG in this segment.
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The Linde Group (Germany), Wärtsilä (Finland), Honeywell International Inc. (U.S.), General Electric (U.S.), and Engie (France), among others are the leading companies operating in the small-scale LNG market. These companies are expected to account for significant shares of the small-scale LNG market in the near future.
Critical questions the report answers:
Growth Drivers are :
Energy cost advantage of LNG over alternate energy sources for end-users
Heavy duty transport companies save approximately 30% on fuel costs on LNG-fueled trucks, compared to diesel fueled trucks, and produce 30% lower emissions. Air pollution from diesel engines is one of the biggest concerns, especially in areas that struggle to meet air-quality standards. On the other hand, natural gas causes complete combustion and fewer emissions than diesel. It is estimated that increasing environmental concerns from the utilization of diesel vehicles is likely to increase the adoption of green fuel technologies such as natural gas. In the case of electric power generation, natural gas engines below 150 KW are more cost effective than oil fueled engines. Fuel cost is one of the major cost for road transportation, which is strongly subject to excise taxation. Typically, an LNG-fueled Volvo FM truck can travel up to 600 km with LNG. With an additional 150 litres of diesel, it can travel up to 1,000 km without refuelling. Thus, reducing the cost of travel. With additional LNG liquefaction capacity expected to come online in the next few years, an oversupply of LNG is expected, which will drive the price of LNG further lower. Considering all these factors, both developed and developing countries are undertaking feasibility studies to recognize the techno-economics of shifting their economies from diesel to natural gas. Therefore, the cheap price of small-scla LNG over others alterantive fuels will drive the growth during the forecast period.
Small-scale LNG terminals are regarded as facilities, including liquefaction and regasification terminals, with a capacity of less than 1 million tons per annum (MTPA) within the scope of this study. It includes the LNG produced from small-scale liquefaction terminals and regasified at small-scale regasification terminals for catering to applications such as LNG-fueled heavy-duty transport, LNG-fueled ships, and industrial & power generation.
North America small-scale LNG market is projected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period.
The North America small-scale LNG market is projected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period. In North America, most of the small-scale LNG demand in industrial & power applications is met through peak shaving facilities. The peak shaving facilities are used to meet adequate supply of LNG to address the peak demand. In 2015, there were more than 100 peak shaving facilities in the U.S., among which one-half of the peak shaving facilities were located in the Northeast, while a quarter of them were located in the Midwest. Currently, the U.S. has among the highest number of peak shaving plants. However, less than 10% of them are available for any other use due to the current electricity demand. The commissioning of small-scale liquefaction plants can expand the peak shaving capacities in the region.
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Major Market Developments:
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The report "Cryogenic Tanks Market by Raw Material (Steel, Nickel Alloy), Cryogenic Liquid (Liquid Nitrogen, LNG), Application (Storage, Transportation), End-use Industry (Metal Processing, Energy Generation, Electronics), and Region - Global Forecast to 2024" The global cryogenic tanks market size is projected to grow from USD 6.2 billion in 2019 and expected to reach USD 8.1 billion by 2024, at a CAGR of 5.5%.
Browse 121 market data Tables and 36 Figures spread through 147 Pages and in-depth TOC on "Cryogenic Tanks Market by Raw Material (Steel, Nickel Alloy), Cryogenic Liquid (Liquid Nitrogen, LNG), Application (Storage, Transportation), End-use Industry (Metal Processing, Energy Generation, Electronics), and Region - Global Forecast to 2024"
View detailed Table of Content here - https://www.marketsandmarkets.com/Market-Reports/cryogenic-tanks-market-26811967.html
The global industry for cryogenic tanks is driven primarily by the increasing demand for LNG. An increase in infrastructure spending, space applications for cryogenic technologies, and cryogenic energy storage systems represent promising growth opportunities for the market. Improving healthcare services in the developing economies is boosting the cryogenic tanks market.
The steel segment is estimated to lead the cryogenic tanks market, by raw material, during the forecast period.
Steel is primarily used in the manufacturing of cryogenic tanks. Most of the materials are ductile at room temperature and abruptly lose their ductility when a given threshold is exceeded. They then become brittle even at relatively low temperatures. The austenitic stainless steel is majorly used for working in the low-temperature range. Carbon and alloy grade steels used for low-temperature service are required to provide high strength, ductility, and toughness in vehicles, vessels, and structures that must be used at –49°F and lower. These factors are contributing to the growth in demand for steel for the manufacturing of cryogenic tanks.
Liquid Nitrogen is the fastest-growing cryogenic liquid segment of the cryogenic tanks market.
Liquid nitrogen is primarily used in metal processing, food & beverage, electronics, and healthcare industries. The steel manufacturing industry is one of the major consumers of nitrogen. Nitrogen is used in the food & beverage industry for food preservation and packaging applications. The use of liquid nitrogen in this industry enables cost savings during storage and transportation and improves food quality. Liquid nitrogen is used to cool normally soft or heat-sensitive materials, such as plastics, tires, and certain metals. The increasing demand for liquid nitrogen from metal processing, food, and medical industries is expected to drive the market in this segment.
Metal processing is expected to lead the end-use industry segment for cryogenic tanks market during the forecast period.
Metal-processing industry was the largest end-use industry for the cryogenic tanks industry. Cryogenic tanks are increasingly being used in the metal processing industry, especially steel the industry. Huge quantities of nitrogen and other industrial gases are used during the steel manufacturing process. Nitrogen is also known to be largest consumed gas in the industry. It is used as a high-pressure gas for laser cutting of steel and metal. The inert properties of nitrogen facilitates its use as a blanketing gas. Some gases, including hydrogen and oxygen, are also used in the metal processing industry. Cryogenic tanks are commonly used in the storage and transportation of these gases in manufacturing plants, which drives the market demand.
High economic growth rate and growing metal processing and energy generation industries in China, Australia, and India are projected to lead the cryogenic tanks market in APAC during the forecast period.
APAC is the fastest-growing market, in terms of both production and demand. Higher domestic demand, easy availability of raw materials, and low-cost labor make APAC the most preferred destination for the manufacturers of cryogenic tanks. The cryogenic tanks market in India, China, and Australia is expected to witness significant growth during the forecast period. The market is primarily driven by the demand from the energy & power sector. APAC is emerging as a leading consumer of cryogenic tanks, owing to the increasing demand from domestic as well as international markets.
The key players in cryogenic tanks market are Chart Industries (US), Cryofab (US), INOX India (India), Linde PLC (UK), Air Products (US), Cryolor (France), Air Water (Japan), Wessington Cryogenics (UK), FIBA Technologies (US), and ISISAN (Turkey). These players have established a strong foothold in the market by adopting strategies, such as expansion, new product launch, and merger & acquisition.
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