Easwaran Kanason

Co - founder of NrgEdge
Last Updated: June 21, 2019
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Business Trends
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The threat of military action in the Middle East has gotten more intense this week. After several attacks on tankers that could be plausibly denied, Iran has made its first direct attack on a US asset, shooting down an unmanned US drone. The Americans say the drone was in international waters, while Iran claims that it had entered Iranian air space. Reports emerging out of the White House state the US President Donald Trump had authorised a military strike in response, but pulled back at the last minute. The simmering tensions between the two countries are now reaching boiling point, with Iran declaring that it is ‘ready for war’.

Predictably, crude oil prices spiked on the news. Brent and WTI prices rose by almost US$4/b over worries that a full-blown war will threaten global supplies. That this is happening just ahead of the OPEC meeting in Vienna – which was delayed by a week over internal squabbling over dates – places a lot of volatile cards on the table. Far more than more than surging US production, this stand-off will colour the direction of the crude market for the rest of 2019.

It started with an economic war, as the Trump administration placed increasingly tight sanctions on Iran. Financial sanctions came first, then sanctions on crude oil exports from Iran. But the situation was diffused when the US introduced waivers for 8 major importers of Iranian crude in November 2018, calming the markets. Even when the waivers were not renewed in April, the oil markets were still relatively calm, banking on the fact that Iran’s fellow OPEC countries would step in to the fill the gap. Most of Iran’s main clients – like South Korea, Japan and China – had already begun winding down their purchases in March, reportedly causing Iran’s crude exports to fall from 2 mmb/d to 400 kb/d. And just recently, the US also begun targeting Iranian petrochemical exports. Between a rock and a hard place, Iran looks seems forced to make good on its threats to go to war in the strategic Straits of Hormuz.

As the waivers ended, four tankers were attacked off the coast of Fujairah in the UAE in May. The immediate assumption was that these attacks were backed by Iran. Then, just a week ago, another two tankers were attacked, with the Americans showing video evidence reportedly show Iranian agents removing mines. But still, there was no direct connection to Iran for the attacks, even as the US and Iran traded diplomatic barbs. But the downing of the drone is unequivocally the work of the Iranian military. With President Donald Trump reportedly ‘bored’ of attempting regime change in Venezuela and his ultra-hawkish staff Mike Pompeo and John Bolton in the driver’s seat, military confrontation now seems inevitable.

This, predictably, has the oil world very nervous. Not just because the extension of the current OPEC+ deal could be scuppered, but because war will impact more than just Iranian oil. The safety of the Straits of Hormuz is in jeopardy, a key node in global oil supply through which almost 20 mmb/d of oil from Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and the UAE flows along with LNG exports from the current world’s largest producer, Qatar. At its narrowest, the chokepoint in the Straits is just 50km from Iranian land. Crude exports could be routed south to Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, but there is risk there too; the mouth of the Red Sea is where Iranian-backed Yemeni rebels are active, who have already started attacking Saudi land facilities.

This will add a considerable war risk premium to global crude prices, just as it did during the 1990 Gulf War and the 2003 invasion of Iraq. But more than just prices, the destabilising effects of a war could consume more than just the price of a barrel. If things are heading the way the current war-like signs are heading, then the oil world is in for a very major change very soon.

Historical crude price responses to wars in the Middle East

  • 1973: Yim Kippur War – oil prices quadrupled from US$3/b to US$12/b
  • 1990: Iraq invasion of Kuwait/Gulf War – oil prices doubled from US$17/b to US$36/b
  • 2003: US invasion of Iraq – oil prices rose from US$30/b to US$40/b

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How Do You Detect Gas Leaks In Your Home?

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Natural gas like practically all other energy sources is harmful if not handled properly. You may protect yourself and your loved ones by following a few basic safety precautions (and understanding what to do if you have a gas leak or have been exposed to one). 

Is Using Natural Gas In The Home Safe?

Natural gas is a reliable, safe power source when handled properly. Although burning natural gas emits some greenhouse gases, it is still a more environmentally friendly option than using other fossil fuels. But natural gas is a combustible substance. A natural gas leak in a home could result in a fire, and breathing it in could poison you with natural gas. It is important to use caution when exposed to natural gas, just as with electricity, gasoline, and other potentially hazardous energy sources.

Is There A Gas Leak In Your Home?

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How To Detect Gas Leaks?
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How To Fill A Portable Helium Tank

Having a helium tank can be helpful if you often arrange or plan big parties. A portable helium tank may be easily filled, which is a blessing. You can bring it to a shop to refill it or order online from a gas service provider store that offers helium gas tank services. 


Refill Your Portable Helium Tank

Some portable helium tanks cannot be filled again. A single-use tank that is being attempted to be refilled has the potential of bursting, inflicting harm on everyone around. If you have a refillable tank, the first thing to do is call nearby businesses to determine whether they provide refill services. The store where you bought the first tank might be able to provide you with a refill. There are other places you can acquire a portable helium tank refill if the store is closed or if you have relocated.

Find local gas and welding shops, party supply stores, and balloon shops by conducting a web search. If these businesses provide helium tank refilling, they frequently list the service on their website. Call nearby businesses to verify that they can fill the tank and to learn what hours they are open to performing the service. Additionally, this provides a chance to contrast helium pricing.

Once you've located a spot, bring the tank there to be refilled. Make sure to take the tank's balloon inflator attachment off before transporting the tank, replacing it with the steel cap. As you are driving, check to make sure the tank is stable and won't fall or roll.


Refillable Helium Tank vs. Disposable Helium Tank

A reusable helium tank may be less expensive than a refillable one. However, if you host gatherings frequently, a refillable cylinder can be a more economical choice. Refillable tanks are an excellent solution for a single event and are available for rental at several party supply retailers.

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Layout and Maintenance of Wood Pellet Machine Mould

As the core component, style of the wood pellet mill for sale has a great influence on improving the result and high quality of wood pellet production, lowering power consumption, and also minimizing manufacturing expenses.

At the same time, the timber pellet maker mold and mildew are likewise one of the most conveniently used parts. Consequently, it is very crucial for wood pellets producers to understand the layout and application of ring die, and also to make the appropriate selection, rational usage, and also reliable upkeep of ring die.

The following is a quick evaluation of the style, option, use, and also upkeep of the ring die for a referral.

1, Decision of ring pass away diameter as well as ring pass away efficient pressing size specifications

a, The size and also efficient width of the ring die is the main specifications of the wood pellet device die

According to the global timber pellet equipment parameters and also concern series to figure out the ring die size collection, RICHI mainly has the complying with the collection of timber pellet machines:

MZLH320 Wood Pellet Machine

MZLH350 Wood Pellet Making Machine

MZLH420 Wood Pellet Mill

MZLH520 Wood Pellet Maker

MZLH768 Wood Pellet Press

MZLH858 Wood Pelletizer

According to the proportion of equal practical pushing location as well as an equal power, determine the reliable size of the ring passes away.


b, Decision on the rotational speed of the press roller of the wood pellet device

The rotational speed of the journalism roller is associated with the geometric parameters of the timber pellet equipment itself. According to the information detection of the technical criteria of the global pellet equipment, for the ring pass away pellet equipment with 2 pressing rollers, the direct rate at the internal diameter of the ring die is 6-12m/ s better. This is additionally the distinction between the rate of the sawdust pellet machine as well as the feed pellet machine.

The rate of the roller of the timber pellet equipment directly affects the thickness of the material in the pelletizing chamber and also the time for the material to travel through the die opening, which in turn impacts the outcome of the pellet device as well as the top quality of the pellets. If the line speed is too high, under the exact same output, the ring die produces much fewer bits per change, and also the product in the granulation area is little and also unevenly dispersed, which might cause product mistakes, alternate granulation, loose fragments with different lengths, and a large amount of powder. Can't even powder. A lower ring dies line rate can create pellets as well as can produce better pellets, yet the throughput is relatively low.


c, Determination of the size of journalism roller

Ring Die of Pelletizing Equipment

The standard pelletizing principle for pellet formation is received in the figure listed below. The timber pellets can get rid of the resistance of the material going through the aperture of the ring die through the shared extrusion force between the ring pass away as well as the pressing roller, so as to attain the function of granulation.

Pelletizing Concept

Under the same ring dies, the larger the size of the stress roller, the greater the range of triangular extrusion developed between the ring die and the stress roller, which is more conducive to the extrusion result.

In theory, talking, the diameter of the pressure roller of a solitary roller can be the largest, as well as the extrusion time, and also extrusion impact must be the most effective. However, in the procedure of the wood pellet mill, one of the most force in between the pressing roller and the ring die is transferred between the major shaft, the bearing, and the empty shaft, so the mechanical framework of the single-roller granulator is coarse, so it can just be used on a little experimental granulator. It is tough to be utilized in large-scale pellet mills, and also the double-roller sawdust pellet mill has actually come to be the most pre-owned version in the pellet.


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wood pellet machine ring die

wood pellet machine ring die

Wood pellet maker molds are normally made from carbon steel, alloy steel as well as stainless-steel through forging, reduction, exploration, warmth therapy, and various other processes. The product utilized in the ring pass away and also each handling procedure have a straight influence on its service life, granulation high quality as well as the outcome.

Carbon Steel-- Heat Treated Firmness HRC45-50. The wear resistance and deterioration resistance are reasonably poor and are essentially gotten rid of.

Alloy Steel-- Warmth treated with a firmness above HRC50. The thorough mechanical buildings are high, as well as the usage rate is the highest possible.

Stainless steel-- Great hardness and also toughness, total quenching, as well as good wear, and also rust resistance. But its high price has actually dragged down general use.


3. Ring pass away hole structure, compression proportion

 ring die hole

ring die opening

Typical timber pellet maker molds have straight holes, decompression holes, outer conical openings and also inner conical holes. The major criteria are:

Die opening size, ring pass away density, ring die efficient density, decompression opening size, pass away opening facility range, wall surface thickness between die openings, ring pass away diameter, and ring pass away reliable width.

The compression ratio is the ratio of the effective thickness of the ring passing away to the diameter of the die hole. It is an indicator of the extrusion toughness of wood pellets. The greater the compression ratio, the more powerful the extruded particles. Therefore, the die hole of the ring die is determined according to the different raw materials of wood.


4. Usage and also maintenance of wood pellet maker mold

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View more content: https://www.pelletingmachine.com/pellet-mill-for-sale/

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