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In 2019, natural gas spot prices at the national benchmark Henry Hub in Louisiana averaged $2.57 per million British thermal units (MMBtu), about 60 cents per MMBtu lower than in 2018 and the lowest annual average price since 2016. Lower natural gas prices in 2019 supported higher consumption—particularly in the electric generation sector—and higher natural gas exports. Continued growth in domestic production of natural gas also supported lower natural gas prices throughout the year.

Monthly average natural gas prices at most key regional trading hubs in 2019 reached their highest levels in February, and they were relatively low and stable from April through December. In the Northeast, additional imports of liquefied natural gas (LNG) into New England limited price spikes during the winter of 2018–19. Despite a cold snap in the Midwest in February 2019, natural gas prices at Chicago Citygate were lower than during previous extreme weather events.

However, in the Pacific Northwest, unseasonably cold weather at the end of winter coupled with regional supply constraints and decreased storage inventories led to significant price spikes at the Northwest Sumas hub in March. Additional pipeline takeaway capacity in the Permian region eased some infrastructure constraints and increased regional prices at the Waha hub in western Texas after six consecutive months of prices lower than $1/MMBtu (March through August).

monthly average natural gas spot prices at key trading hubs

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, based on Natural Gas Intelligence

Natural gas consumption in the residential and commercial sectors increased by 2% in 2019 compared with 2018, based on the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) monthly data through October and estimates for November and December. Natural gas use in the electric generation sector also increased in 2019, particularly in July and August when a heat wave in the Midwest and the Northeast led to record-high generation by natural gas-fired power plants.

Lower summer natural gas prices, which averaged $2.33/MMBtu in June through August (the lowest summer average Henry Hub natural gas price since 1998), have supported higher natural gas-fired generation in the summer months.

Dry natural gas production has grown every year since 2016. Production increased by 7.5 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) (9%) through the first 10 months of the year after record growth in 2018. Sustained growth in natural gas production put downward pressure on prices, which continued to decline for most of 2019.

Natural gas storage inventories ended the withdrawal season at the end of March at their lowest levels since 2014. However, record natural gas production growth supported near-record injection activity during the injection season through October. The injection season ended with the second-highest net injection volume since 2014.

Most new pipelines placed in service in 2019 were located in the South Central and Northeast regions. These pipelines provide additional takeaway capacity out of the Permian and Appalachian supply basins and will serve growing demand for LNG exports, pipeline exports to Mexico, and U.S. natural gas-fired power generation.

In 2019, natural gas exports—both by pipeline to Mexico and as LNG—continued to grow. U.S. natural gas exports to Mexico by pipeline averaged 5.1 Bcf/d in the first 10 months of 2019, 0.4 Bcf/d more than the 2018 average. Following an expansion in U.S. cross-border pipeline capacity, several new pipelines in Mexico continued to experience delays, limiting growth in exports.

U.S. LNG exports set a new record in 2019, averaging an estimated 5.0 Bcf/d (69% higher than in 2018) as the United States became the third-largest global LNG exporter. Several new LNG facilities were placed in service in 2019. Louisiana’s Cameron LNG placed its first liquefaction unit (referred to as a train) in service in May. Texas’s Freeport LNG exported its first cargo from the newly commissioned Train 1 in September, followed by its first export cargo from Train 2 in December. Corpus Christi LNG (also in Texas) commissioned its second train in July. In December, Georgia’s Elba Island placed in service the first three of its moveable modular liquefaction system (MMLS) units and exported its first LNG cargo.

monthly natural gas trade

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Natural Gas Monthly and Short-Term Energy Outlook

prices natural gas EIA
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How Do You Detect Gas Leaks In Your Home?

Everyone should always be mindful of gas safety. Although natural gas and liquid petroleum gas (LPG) don't immediately represent a hazard of poisoning, they present a significant risk of a fire or explosion. It is crucial to keep yourself safe by being aware of the risks and learning how to spot a gas leak.

Natural gas like practically all other energy sources is harmful if not handled properly. You may protect yourself and your loved ones by following a few basic safety precautions (and understanding what to do if you have a gas leak or have been exposed to one). 

Is Using Natural Gas In The Home Safe?

Natural gas is a reliable, safe power source when handled properly. Although burning natural gas emits some greenhouse gases, it is still a more environmentally friendly option than using other fossil fuels. But natural gas is a combustible substance. A natural gas leak in a home could result in a fire, and breathing it in could poison you with natural gas. It is important to use caution when exposed to natural gas, just as with electricity, gasoline, and other potentially hazardous energy sources.

Is There A Gas Leak In Your Home?

If you suspect a gas leak, you should immediately call the National Gas Emergency Service number. Try to open a few windows to allow for airflow before doing so. Immediately leave the premises if you smell gas in a cellar. Our article will explain what to do in your home to assist you to remain safe in the case of a leak so that you are always ready.

Underground pipes used to carry the gas to buildings might cause external gas leaks. If you're outside a building and you smell gas, there probably is a leak, therefore you should call the National Gas Emergency Service.

Appliances that are broken or improperly installed frequently result in gas leaks in homes. Usually, the pipe entering your appliance is where the leak originates. If you've made sure the appliance is turned off, for example, by turning all the knobs on your stove to the off position, then a problem with the hose is probably to blame for your gas leak.

Any appliances you install must be done so by a qualified Gas Safe registered engineer and are given a regular gas safety check or service to assist reduce the danger of a gas leak brought on by a faulty appliance. Make sure to verify their accreditation on the Gas Safe Register website before work begins.

How To Detect Gas Leaks?
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Due to the lack of color and smell in most gases, natural gas companies typically add the chemical mercaptan to give it a specific smell. Your home frequently smells like sulphur or rotting eggs when the smell is present. If you spot this specific smell, it could be wiser to investigate the leak's origin or contact a technician.

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The best approach to determine whether you have a gas leak is to buy a gas leak detector. You have a variety of gas leak detection options. Sensors and leak detectors come in a wide variety. When shopping online, it's important to buy a detector that can detect several different gases. To keep you and your family safe at home, explore different options for gas leak detectors and sensors.

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September, 24 2022
How To Fill A Portable Helium Tank

Having a helium tank can be helpful if you often arrange or plan big parties. A portable helium tank may be easily filled, which is a blessing. You can bring it to a shop to refill it or order online from a gas service provider store that offers helium gas tank services. 


Refill Your Portable Helium Tank

Some portable helium tanks cannot be filled again. A single-use tank that is being attempted to be refilled has the potential of bursting, inflicting harm on everyone around. If you have a refillable tank, the first thing to do is call nearby businesses to determine whether they provide refill services. The store where you bought the first tank might be able to provide you with a refill. There are other places you can acquire a portable helium tank refill if the store is closed or if you have relocated.

Find local gas and welding shops, party supply stores, and balloon shops by conducting a web search. If these businesses provide helium tank refilling, they frequently list the service on their website. Call nearby businesses to verify that they can fill the tank and to learn what hours they are open to performing the service. Additionally, this provides a chance to contrast helium pricing.

Once you've located a spot, bring the tank there to be refilled. Make sure to take the tank's balloon inflator attachment off before transporting the tank, replacing it with the steel cap. As you are driving, check to make sure the tank is stable and won't fall or roll.


Refillable Helium Tank vs. Disposable Helium Tank

A reusable helium tank may be less expensive than a refillable one. However, if you host gatherings frequently, a refillable cylinder can be a more economical choice. Refillable tanks are an excellent solution for a single event and are available for rental at several party supply retailers.

If you decide to use a disposable tank, keep in mind that you cannot just throw it away. Be sure to properly dump the tank when you've finished using it. Check with your recycling company to determine if doorstep service is an option. Alternately, look up steel recycling businesses in your neighborhood. When disposing of an inflated portable helium tank, make sure to follow all federal, state, and municipal laws.


Considerations Before Using A Portable Helium Tank

It may take some time to receive a refill, and not all stores are open on weekends and holidays. Thus, before an event, make sure you have enough helium to satisfy your needs. Approximately 0.15 cubic feet of helium should be used for each little 7-inch balloon. The amount of helium needed to fill an 18-inch foil balloon is roughly 0.44 cubic feet, whereas an 11-inch balloon requires roughly 0.5 cubic feet.

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Make sure the space is dry when you store the canister because moisture can cause helium tanks to corrode. Temperatures in the storage area shouldn't get above 120 degrees Fahrenheit.


September, 21 2022
Layout and Maintenance of Wood Pellet Machine Mould

As the core component, style of the wood pellet mill for sale has a great influence on improving the result and high quality of wood pellet production, lowering power consumption, and also minimizing manufacturing expenses.

At the same time, the timber pellet maker mold and mildew are likewise one of the most conveniently used parts. Consequently, it is very crucial for wood pellets producers to understand the layout and application of ring die, and also to make the appropriate selection, rational usage, and also reliable upkeep of ring die.

The following is a quick evaluation of the style, option, use, and also upkeep of the ring die for a referral.

1, Decision of ring pass away diameter as well as ring pass away efficient pressing size specifications

a, The size and also efficient width of the ring die is the main specifications of the wood pellet device die

According to the global timber pellet equipment parameters and also concern series to figure out the ring die size collection, RICHI mainly has the complying with the collection of timber pellet machines:

MZLH320 Wood Pellet Machine

MZLH350 Wood Pellet Making Machine

MZLH420 Wood Pellet Mill

MZLH520 Wood Pellet Maker

MZLH768 Wood Pellet Press

MZLH858 Wood Pelletizer

According to the proportion of equal practical pushing location as well as an equal power, determine the reliable size of the ring passes away.


b, Decision on the rotational speed of the press roller of the wood pellet device

The rotational speed of the journalism roller is associated with the geometric parameters of the timber pellet equipment itself. According to the information detection of the technical criteria of the global pellet equipment, for the ring pass away pellet equipment with 2 pressing rollers, the direct rate at the internal diameter of the ring die is 6-12m/ s better. This is additionally the distinction between the rate of the sawdust pellet machine as well as the feed pellet machine.

The rate of the roller of the timber pellet equipment directly affects the thickness of the material in the pelletizing chamber and also the time for the material to travel through the die opening, which in turn impacts the outcome of the pellet device as well as the top quality of the pellets. If the line speed is too high, under the exact same output, the ring die produces much fewer bits per change, and also the product in the granulation area is little and also unevenly dispersed, which might cause product mistakes, alternate granulation, loose fragments with different lengths, and a large amount of powder. Can't even powder. A lower ring dies line rate can create pellets as well as can produce better pellets, yet the throughput is relatively low.


c, Determination of the size of journalism roller

Ring Die of Pelletizing Equipment

The standard pelletizing principle for pellet formation is received in the figure listed below. The timber pellets can get rid of the resistance of the material going through the aperture of the ring die through the shared extrusion force between the ring pass away as well as the pressing roller, so as to attain the function of granulation.

Pelletizing Concept

Under the same ring dies, the larger the size of the stress roller, the greater the range of triangular extrusion developed between the ring die and the stress roller, which is more conducive to the extrusion result.

In theory, talking, the diameter of the pressure roller of a solitary roller can be the largest, as well as the extrusion time, and also extrusion impact must be the most effective. However, in the procedure of the wood pellet mill, one of the most force in between the pressing roller and the ring die is transferred between the major shaft, the bearing, and the empty shaft, so the mechanical framework of the single-roller granulator is coarse, so it can just be used on a little experimental granulator. It is tough to be utilized in large-scale pellet mills, and also the double-roller sawdust pellet mill has actually come to be the most pre-owned version in the pellet.


2. Ring pass away product and warmth therapy

wood pellet machine ring die

wood pellet machine ring die

Wood pellet maker molds are normally made from carbon steel, alloy steel as well as stainless-steel through forging, reduction, exploration, warmth therapy, and various other processes. The product utilized in the ring pass away and also each handling procedure have a straight influence on its service life, granulation high quality as well as the outcome.

Carbon Steel-- Heat Treated Firmness HRC45-50. The wear resistance and deterioration resistance are reasonably poor and are essentially gotten rid of.

Alloy Steel-- Warmth treated with a firmness above HRC50. The thorough mechanical buildings are high, as well as the usage rate is the highest possible.

Stainless steel-- Great hardness and also toughness, total quenching, as well as good wear, and also rust resistance. But its high price has actually dragged down general use.


3. Ring pass away hole structure, compression proportion

 ring die hole

ring die opening

Typical timber pellet maker molds have straight holes, decompression holes, outer conical openings and also inner conical holes. The major criteria are:

Die opening size, ring pass away density, ring die efficient density, decompression opening size, pass away opening facility range, wall surface thickness between die openings, ring pass away diameter, and ring pass away reliable width.

The compression ratio is the ratio of the effective thickness of the ring passing away to the diameter of the die hole. It is an indicator of the extrusion toughness of wood pellets. The greater the compression ratio, the more powerful the extruded particles. Therefore, the die hole of the ring die is determined according to the different raw materials of wood.


4. Usage and also maintenance of wood pellet maker mold

Right adjustment of the working gap in between the ring pass away and journalism roller is vital to the use of the ring die. Usually talking, the void in between the ring die as well as the pressing roller is between 0.1-0.3 mm.


When the space is too huge, the machine will certainly be obstructed as a result of not enough extrusion force. If the space is also small, it is very easy to damage the ring die and the pressing roller. For the operator, it is needed to have useful operation experience and be able to masterfully pick and change the gap of the ring die roll. The adjustment work needs to be grasped with a long-term granulator production technique.


View more content: https://www.pelletingmachine.com/pellet-mill-for-sale/

September, 19 2022