Easwaran Kanason

Co - founder of NrgEdge
Last Updated: April 5, 2020
1 view
Business Trends
image

In any war, there are winners and losers. Sometimes surprising ones. As the price war between friends-turned-foes Saudi Arabia and Russia rumbles on without any sign of a thaw or a possibility of halting without external intervention, oil producers globally are hurting badly as crude oil prices plunged by nearly 50% over less than a month. This will wreak havoc with the economies and budgets of many countries, particularly at a time when demand is extremely soft given the global Covid-19 pandemic. But in any war, there are opportunities for profit, and that has given a boost to a sector of the industry that had previously been suffering.

With the dramatic drop in prices, and a super-contango structure appearing in the crude oil price future curves, crude cargoes are available on cheap. Part of this buying is coming from entrenched buyers such as India (which took in some cargoes that were turned away by China in the early days of the Covid-19 pandemic). Part of this is coming from government purchases, to fill up strategic petroleum reserves in an effort to support domestic producers (although a US plan to do so was scuppered due to lack of federal funding). But most is this is coming from global oil traders, eager to cash in cheap oil by betting that prices will eventually have to rise somehow. Whether that is in a month, three months or longer, the traders are preparing for this.

The problem is storage. Where does one store millions of barrels of crude? Onshore storage is estimated at a practical upper limit of some 1.2 billion barrels of capacity; much of this is already utilised, with not much room to grow. And what room there is is becoming expensive.

Enter floating storage.

In 2008 during the Great Financial Crisis and again in 2015 when crude prices retreated dramatically, the same scenario presented itself. The solution then, as it is now, was to charter ships to serve as floating storage. Millions upon millions of crude oil barrels sat sloshing in the hulls of VLCC and other crude-carrying ships off the coast of Singapore, Fujairah, the US Gulf and Guangzhou in 2009, waiting for traders to assess an opportune moment to seize a trade.

That is repeating itself now. At the start of March, VLCC charter rates hovered at around US$40,000 per day for delivery from the Middle East to China. As charter rates go, that’s not that bad, and certainly far better than rates of less than US$10,000 day in mid-2019 that caused a world of pain to the oil shipping industry. At the dramatic about-face in Vienna when the OPEC+ alliance splintered, VLCC charter rates jumped up to US$190,000 per day as the price for Brent dropped 30% in a single day. Charter rates continued to spike, up to a peak of US$275,000 per day, as it became very apparent that Saudi Arabia and Russia were engaging in more than just a game of brinkmanship. Prices did calm down, after the initial rush of bookings, but have started to rise again as Brent drifts dangerously close to the US$25/b mark.

Reports suggest that since the price war began, more than three dozen supertanker bookings have been made by the world’s largest oil traders, including Vitol, Shell and Litasco. The largest of them all, Glencore has chartered Europe, one of the world’s two ULCCs (Ultra Large Crude Carriers) that can store 3 million barrels of oil for an indefinite period. The traders are also competing with an unlikely party: Saudi Arabia and its allies that sparked a bidding war for supertankers in a bid to flood the market. That this is happening against a backdrop of weak demand is, frankly, ridiculous. But that is what is happening now, and expect it to go on with Russia entering the fray. While all this drama plays out, the real immediate winners are shipowners. While the traders are betting on the possibility of a profitable trade in the future, shipowners are making profits hand over fist now with the bookings, a great change after terrible 2019 when shipowners were gloomily talking about decommissioning tankers.  

How long will this last? It is anyone’s guess. There are two main variables: the length of the oil price war and the length of the Covid-19 pandemic. The most optimistic scenario points to things returning to relative normality by July 2020; the worst could see the depression continuing into 2021. But, as they say, there is no time like the present. And shipowners are now happy to keep their supertanker bellies full of oil and money in the bank, even if those ship remain anchored and that oil is going nowhere soon.

Recent VLCC Freight Rates

  • March 1: US$40,000 per day
  • March 6: US$190,000 per day
  • March 12: US$275,000 per day
  • March 20: US$90,000 per day
  • March 27: US$125,000 per day
  • March 30: US$180,000 per day

Read more:
opec saudi russia opec+ oil price shale usa tankers crude VLCC
3
7 0

Something interesting to share?
Join NrgEdge and create your own NrgBuzz today

Latest NrgBuzz

Must have features of a chat service agent.

Communication is an art. Period”



It is true when we say that connecting with people is not everyone’s cup of tea. The first step is listening and then responding accordingly. 



When it comes to chatting services, it becomes even more crucial to be clear and transparent.



It falls under the category of Managed Chat Services. People are trained to know inside out about a particular service/product.



But what are the exact requirements and features for anyone to become a chat service agent? Find about them below:

.

This form of communication requires the agent to understand the need of the user properly and respond in a way that the easiest for them to understand. This differs from person to person easily.



It has been found that using managed services helps in acquiring customers and converting leads easily. People get quick quality responses which creates a good image of the seller in their minds. 



Be quick in responding. This show how alert and active the employees are. If the response takes a long amount of time, then it can leave the customer frustrated. This can end up creating a negative impact on the customer. 



There can be times when a shopper can get distracted or can get busy exploring other options/varieties online. This can look like the customer has helped but the reality is far away from it. Give the user a sufficient amount of time before declaring a chat dead or unresponsive.

October, 04 2022
Propane Bullet Tank: What Is It?


A Propane Bullet Tank, also known as LPG Above Ground Tanks, is used for storing liquid natural gas. The tanks have components that best fit your company's needs and are available in various sizes.


The size of a propane bullet tank can be anything from 6,000 and 30,000 gallons, with an 18,000 tank generally the most popular. Tank fill levels should not exceed 70–80% for liquid natural gas to expand inside the vessel.


For holding trucks to reach the site and collect liquids, a tank's average pressure should be approximately 250 psi. This will keep liquid natural gas contained and under low pressure.

What & Where Is Propane Bullet Tank Used?


You're undoubtedly wondering, "Where should I utilize or keep them?" A propane bullet tank is linked to the cold separator drain on a Joule Thomson System (JTS) or mechanical refrigeration devices for the collection and short-term storage of the recovered natural gas liquids.


These tanks are also utilized in refineries and other end-use facilities for the bulk storage of goods that can be sold, such as propane or butane.


LPG is kept in propane bullet tanks because the liquid gas needs to be kept under intense pressure to remain fluid. Bullet tanks effectively do this because of their evenly dispersed, consistent pressure. Since there are no edges, there is also no possibility of a variable pressure region.



What Can a Propane Bullet Tank Do?

  1. A channel called a bulkhead stanchion prevents unintentional vehicle pull-away.

  2. The most important valve on any tank is the pressure relief valve. It is intended to release too much pressure. 

  3. The level gauge continuously measures the levels of liquid natural gas.

  4. Reduces fluid loss during emergencies thanks to the emergency shutoff valve.

  5. If trucking drives away while the hoses are still attached and move, the bulkhead, flexible hose, and hose couplings protect the piping. The flexible hoses won't break the ridged pipework; they will stretch.

  6. The high-pressure regulator controls the pneumatic pressure necessary for all ESVs to operate effectively.


GasnTools offer the most excellent propane Bullet tanks at affordable prices. Offering high-quality bullet tanks is what they are involved in doing due to their knowledge and experience in this particular field.


LPG gas is frequently kept and stored in these tanks. These LPG Above Ground Tanks serve a variety of industrial utilities quite effectively. Only top-notch raw materials and cutting-edge technologies are used when making this tank.



October, 03 2022
Where To Buy Nitrogen Gas?

Nitrogen in liquid form is a colorless, odorless, nonflammable, inert cryogenic liquid. It has a boiling point of less than -130 °F (-196 °C). Although this product is freezing, Nitrogen is widely used in chemical analysis during sample preparation. It is employed in the concentration and condensing of liquid sample volumes. It is used in the production of explosives, nylon, nitric acid, fertilizers, and color-safe operation precautions must be taken when handling or using it in Dubai.

Buy Liquid Nitrogen Cylinder in the UAE from GasNtools and improve the display of your frozen items!

Ways To Deliver Nitrogen

You must be wondering where to buy nitrogen gas. GasNtools is one of the best liquid nitrogen suppliers that can meet your needs for nitrogen gas no matter what they are. They provide nitrogen to:

  • Compressed nitrogen is offered in a variety of cylinder sizes:

40-liter nitrogen cylinder with a 6 m3 capacity at 140 bar and a 10 m3 capacity at 200 bar.

  • Different-sized pour spouts of liquid nitrogen are available.

  • Massive service: For high-volume applications, liquid nitrogen is transported in cryogenic tankers to on-site storage. It is kept as a cryogenic liquid in a vacuum-insulated vessel that can hold enough over many days and is available as either a liquid or a gas on demand.

Food Industry

It has spread throughout the industry and is now widely used in restaurants to quickly freeze liquids to ice creams and desserts for live food displays. Because liquid nitrogen has a temperature of -196 °C, the liquid ice cream mixture can be quickly cooled and frozen. Any remaining nitrogen escapes as a gas. Another advantage of freezing is that it reduces dehydration losses, which can reach crucial economic tiers with these items under ambient air. The cost of liquid nitrogen in Dubai is completely inexpensive. As a result, many customers approach GasNtools to obtain this nitrogen gas quickly and affordably.


Warnings

Although liquid nitrogen is safe in food and beverages, it should not be consumed immediately. Before providing it to the customer, it must have vanished entirely from the food or drink. Because it can be highly hazardous or devastating if not handled properly, this product is only maintained by trained chefs.

When managing liquid Nitrogen, wear dielectrics gloves and carefully made PPEs (Personal Protective Equipment).

GasNtools is Dubai's most dependable nitrogen gas supplier. They always transport nitrogen gas in a trustable container. You must use a service elevator to transport this gas.



October, 01 2022