It was just over five years ago that ExxonMobil discovered first oil in Guyana, transforming the sleepy South American country into the world’s upstream hotspot in just half a decade. The strike rate there has been amazing – 18 discoveries out of 20 well campaigns, and more seem to coming as new discovery efforts get underway. This made Guyana the envy of its neighbours. And why not? The Guyanese economy is projected to grow at 86% y-o-y in 2020, despite the Covid-19 pandemic, as first commercial oil from the Liza field hit the market.
Just over the Guyana border, Suriname, a former Dutch colony had all the more reason to be envious. Unlike Guyana, Suriname has an established upstream industry. Managed by the state oil firm Staastsolie, the volumes are paltry: the onshore Calcutta and Tamabredjo field collectively produce at a current rate of 17,000 b/d. Guyana’s Liza field alone is 15 times larger than Suriname’s total crude output. But the Guyanese miracle always did herald some hope that some of that golden dust could blow Suriname’s way, not least because the giant offshore discoveries in the Staebroek block were just across the maritime border.
In January 2020, this bet proved right. US independent Apache announced it had made a ‘significant oil discovery’ at the Maka-Central 1 well, the first suggestion that the Cretaceous oil formation in Guyana extended southeast to Suriname. Two more discoveries were announced by Apache in quick succession, Sapakara West and, just this week, Kwaskwasi. All three are located in the 1.4 million acre offshore Block 58, which was originally held entirely by Apache before French supermajor Total bought into a 50% stake just before the Maka Central discovery was announced. Three discoveries in six month is quite a payoff, especially with the Kwaskwasi-1 well delivering the highest net pay and confirming a ‘world-class hydrocarbon resource’. More importantly, initial findings suggest that Kwaskwasi holds oil with API gravities in the 34-43 degree range, the sort of light oil that is perfect for petrochemicals and higher-grade fuels.
With Total scheduled to take over operatorship of the block after a fourth drilling campaign, the partners are eager to extend their streak. The Sam Croft drillship is scheduled to head to Keskesi, the fourth scheduled prospect in Block 58, after operations at Kwaskwasi-1 have concluded, and an additional exploration campaign is already in the plans for 2021.
Total and Apache aren’t the only ones playing in Surinamese waters, though they are the first to hit the payday. Most of the country’s offshore blocks have been apportioned, snapped up by ExxonMobil, Kosmos, Petronas, Tullow and Equinor, and all are hoping to be the next to announce a find. ExxonMobil, with Equinor and Hess Energy, have a good position in Block 59, just next to the Caieteur block in Guyana, while Kosmos is hunting in Block 42, right next to the Canje block in Guyana. However, it is Malaysia’s Petronas that is the next likely candidate. Present in Suriname since 2016, when it drilled the exploratory Roselle-1 well in Block 52, Petronas also has interests in Block 48 and Block 53, and recently completed a farm-out sale with ExxonMobil for 50% of Block 52. Its drilling campaign for the Sloanea-1 well is scheduled to begin in Q4 2020, and will be keenly watched by all in Suriname.
Unlike Guyana that had no state oil company, Suriname has existing national oil infrastructure. Staatsolie currently controls onshore and shallow water areas in the country. However, all wells drill in offshore Block A, B, C and D have turned out dry so far. That leaves Staatsolie in a situation: its own areas are not prolific as discoveries by Total, Apache, Petronas et al. For now, Staatsolie is looking to gain rights to 10-20% of any oil discovery within Suriname, but the framework for this is weak and it must navigate carefully to not antagonise the oil majors that are powering the discoveries in its waters. It will do well to avoid the confrontational attitude that is jeopardising LNG development in Papua New Guinea with ExxonMobil and Total, but Staatsolie does have a claim to Suriname’s oil riches for itself.
For now, it is exhilarating to observe the progress in this previously quiet corner of South America. It is the closest thing to frontier oil exploration in the 21st century, with each new discovery generating more and more excitement. Who would have thought there was so much oil left undiscovered? Guyana has shot into the spotlight, Suriname is starting its own ascent and… who knows… could French Guiana be next?
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“Communication is an art. Period”
It is true when we say that connecting with people is not everyone’s cup of tea. The first step is listening and then responding accordingly.
When it comes to chatting services, it becomes even more crucial to be clear and transparent.
It falls under the category of Managed Chat Services. People are trained to know inside out about a particular service/product.
But what are the exact requirements and features for anyone to become a chat service agent? Find about them below:
This form of communication requires the agent to understand the need of the user properly and respond in a way that the easiest for them to understand. This differs from person to person easily.
It has been found that using managed services helps in acquiring customers and converting leads easily. People get quick quality responses which creates a good image of the seller in their minds.
Be quick in responding. This show how alert and active the employees are. If the response takes a long amount of time, then it can leave the customer frustrated. This can end up creating a negative impact on the customer.
There can be times when a shopper can get distracted or can get busy exploring other options/varieties online. This can look like the customer has helped but the reality is far away from it. Give the user a sufficient amount of time before declaring a chat dead or unresponsive.
A Propane Bullet Tank, also known as LPG Above Ground Tanks, is used for storing liquid natural gas. The tanks have components that best fit your company's needs and are available in various sizes.
The size of a propane bullet tank can be anything from 6,000 and 30,000 gallons, with an 18,000 tank generally the most popular. Tank fill levels should not exceed 70–80% for liquid natural gas to expand inside the vessel.
For holding trucks to reach the site and collect liquids, a tank's average pressure should be approximately 250 psi. This will keep liquid natural gas contained and under low pressure.What & Where Is Propane Bullet Tank Used?
You're undoubtedly wondering, "Where should I utilize or keep them?" A propane bullet tank is linked to the cold separator drain on a Joule Thomson System (JTS) or mechanical refrigeration devices for the collection and short-term storage of the recovered natural gas liquids.
These tanks are also utilized in refineries and other end-use facilities for the bulk storage of goods that can be sold, such as propane or butane.
LPG is kept in propane bullet tanks because the liquid gas needs to be kept under intense pressure to remain fluid. Bullet tanks effectively do this because of their evenly dispersed, consistent pressure. Since there are no edges, there is also no possibility of a variable pressure region.
What Can a Propane Bullet Tank Do?
A channel called a bulkhead stanchion prevents unintentional vehicle pull-away.
The most important valve on any tank is the pressure relief valve. It is intended to release too much pressure.
The level gauge continuously measures the levels of liquid natural gas.
Reduces fluid loss during emergencies thanks to the emergency shutoff valve.
If trucking drives away while the hoses are still attached and move, the bulkhead, flexible hose, and hose couplings protect the piping. The flexible hoses won't break the ridged pipework; they will stretch.
The high-pressure regulator controls the pneumatic pressure necessary for all ESVs to operate effectively.
GasnTools offer the most excellent propane Bullet tanks at affordable prices. Offering high-quality bullet tanks is what they are involved in doing due to their knowledge and experience in this particular field.
LPG gas is frequently kept and stored in these tanks. These LPG Above Ground Tanks serve a variety of industrial utilities quite effectively. Only top-notch raw materials and cutting-edge technologies are used when making this tank.
Nitrogen in liquid form is a colorless, odorless, nonflammable, inert cryogenic liquid. It has a boiling point of less than -130 °F (-196 °C). Although this product is freezing, Nitrogen is widely used in chemical analysis during sample preparation. It is employed in the concentration and condensing of liquid sample volumes. It is used in the production of explosives, nylon, nitric acid, fertilizers, and color-safe operation precautions must be taken when handling or using it in Dubai.
Buy Liquid Nitrogen Cylinder in the UAE from GasNtools and improve the display of your frozen items!Ways To Deliver Nitrogen
You must be wondering where to buy nitrogen gas. GasNtools is one of the best liquid nitrogen suppliers that can meet your needs for nitrogen gas no matter what they are. They provide nitrogen to:
Compressed nitrogen is offered in a variety of cylinder sizes:
40-liter nitrogen cylinder with a 6 m3 capacity at 140 bar and a 10 m3 capacity at 200 bar.
Different-sized pour spouts of liquid nitrogen are available.
Massive service: For high-volume applications, liquid nitrogen is transported in cryogenic tankers to on-site storage. It is kept as a cryogenic liquid in a vacuum-insulated vessel that can hold enough over many days and is available as either a liquid or a gas on demand.
It has spread throughout the industry and is now widely used in restaurants to quickly freeze liquids to ice creams and desserts for live food displays. Because liquid nitrogen has a temperature of -196 °C, the liquid ice cream mixture can be quickly cooled and frozen. Any remaining nitrogen escapes as a gas. Another advantage of freezing is that it reduces dehydration losses, which can reach crucial economic tiers with these items under ambient air. The cost of liquid nitrogen in Dubai is completely inexpensive. As a result, many customers approach GasNtools to obtain this nitrogen gas quickly and affordably.
Although liquid nitrogen is safe in food and beverages, it should not be consumed immediately. Before providing it to the customer, it must have vanished entirely from the food or drink. Because it can be highly hazardous or devastating if not handled properly, this product is only maintained by trained chefs.
When managing liquid Nitrogen, wear dielectrics gloves and carefully made PPEs (Personal Protective Equipment).
GasNtools is Dubai's most dependable nitrogen gas supplier. They always transport nitrogen gas in a trustable container. You must use a service elevator to transport this gas.