Easwaran Kanason

Co - founder of NrgEdge
Last Updated: April 15, 2021
1 view
Business Trends

And then, there was hydrogen. Soon after the universe was formed through the Big Bang, the vast expanse of heat that sent time and space hurtling in infinite directions started to cool down. When this happened, the first nuclei began capturing electrons, forming the first two elements: hydrogen and helium. The lightest of all the gases, hydrogen is the first element in the periodic table – with only one proton and one electron – and the most abundant element in the universe. High school textbook facts aside, hydrogen is now a word buzzing with charisma in the energy industry as it could be the answer to decarbonising the world’s industries and spearheading a renewable future.

A quick primer on hydrogen. Current global demand stands at about 75 million metric tonnes, more than three times higher than equivalent consumption in 1975. About 40 million tonnes, or 53%, of this hydrogen is used in oil and natural gas refining – in processes such as hydrocracking or hydrotreating – while most of the remainder is used in the fertiliser industry to produce ammonia. Only a scant amount – 0.5% - is used in other applications.

But it isn’t about where hydrogen has been, but where it could go that has the world – energy and otherwise – excited. Over the past decade, many leading nation have started policies researching and supporting investment in hydrogen technologies, with at least 50 targets, mandates and policy incentives in place, and more arriving. There is a North-South divide in this, since hydrogen technology is being pursued by the likes of the European Union and Japan in their quest for a low or net-zero carbon future, while hydrogen is not mentioned at all in the most recent energy plans of countries such as Indonesia, Thailand, Pakistan or Nigeria. But the potential for hydrogen are a low-carbon replacement for heavy-carbon sources such as coal and fossil fuels is vast. In industry, where most of today’s hydrogen is used, hydrogen could increasingly be used in methanol and steel production, replacing the pollutant-heavy coal that coal, for example, plays in steel-making. In transport, hydrogen fuel cells are the future of road transportation, with alternatives also being developed for aviation and shipping. Hydrogen could also be blended in with existing natural gas networks without any major change in infrastructure for heating and cooling, while hydrogen-linked battery technologies are also the leading options for storing renewable energy from sources such as solar and wind farms. It could also be directly burnt in gas turbines as power generation; or more accurately, hydrogen-based ammonia could plan that role. With all these options in place – and the government backing to make it happen – it is not inconceivable that hydrogen demand could triple again over the next 30 years to over 200 million tonnes by 2050.

The problem is supply. Hydrogen is almost entirely supplied through fossil fuels, with an estimated 6% of global natural gas and 2% of coal dedicated solely to hydrogen production. So while hydrogen can be the replacement for carbon-intensive industries and fuels, the production of it is already carbon-heavy, with hydrogen production releasing some 830 million tonnes of carbon dioxide annually, more than the UK and Indonesia combined. Renewable hydrogen production is possible – mainly through water electrolysis – but infrastructure is scant because costs can be three times higher. This is why it is much cheaper to produce hydrogen in regions like the Middle East, Russia and North America - because natural gas is the largest component of production cost at between 45-75% - while the likes of Japan, China, India and South Korea have to import expensive natural gas to make even more expensive hydrogen.

Which is why the world is now no longer just talking about hydrogen, but an entire rainbow of hydrogen colours. There is brown hydrogen – directly extracted from coal using gasification. Then there is white hydrogen that is a by-product of industrial processes or black/grey hydrogen that is produced from natural gas using steam-methane reforming. Yellow hydrogen is produced through solar grid electricity via electrolysis while pink/red/purple hydrogen is a carbon-free option created through nuclear power that is politically-unfriendly. But the colours that are getting everyone the most excited are in the green-blue spectrum: turquoise hydrogen produced through the thermal splitting of methane that leaves solid carbon rather than carbon dioxide as a by-product; green hydrogen formed through water electrolysis with zero carbon emissions; and then blue hydrogen that is conventional black/grey or brown hydrogen but with all carbon dioxide emitted sequestered through Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technology.

The ideal solution is green hydrogen, but costs and infrastructure may prevent this from ever being the only solution. The same caveat applies to turquoise hydrogen. Like it or not, blue hydrogen – which the probably the cheapest of the low/zero-carbon solutions but has opposition from certain quarters – will still play a major role in satisfying future hydrogen demand, which in itself should start a virtuous loop of reducing carbon emissions in industries where hydrogen as a fuel can take hold. The world’s leading energy supermajors and majors are already preparing for this. BP has announced plans to build the largest blue hydrogen production facility in the UK by 2030, while the US climate envoy for the Biden administration John Kerry is calling on the US oil and gas industry to embrace ‘huge opportunities’ in hydrogen. Shell has invested in a tech start-up developing a hydrogen-based zero-emissions aviation engine, while even state oil firms are making moves: Malaysia’s Petronas is expanding its investment into green and blue hydrogen along with advanced CCS projects, while the ever-vigilant Equinor is already part of the EU’s largest green hydrogen project that expects to have 10 GW of capacity by 2040 using renewable offshore wind farms. Crude oil giant Saudi Arabia has plans to become the world’s largest hydrogen exporter through a combination of blue hydrogen from its natural gas reserves and green/yellow hydrogen from solar power plants being built at the city of Neom along the Red Sea by 2025. And Hyundai Oilbank has a unique solution as well: it has signed up to import LPG from Saudi Aramco and convert that into blue hydrogen onsite at its Daesan refinery complex in South Korea’s Seosan province, which could be a model that proves that clean hydrogen does not necessarily have to be produced where the source fuel originates to make the best commercial sense.

If the buzzword for the 2000s and 2010s in the energy industry were LNG and shale, respectively, then the buzzword for the 2020s is likely to be hydrogen. Too many moves are being made by governments and too many investments approved by industry titans for this to be ignored. After all, a net-zero world will benefit everyone. And it seems that the first ever element to be create in this universe is the key to creating that future.

Market Outlook:

  • Crude price trading range: Brent – US$63-65/b, WTI – US$60-62/b
  • Global crude oil benchmarks edged up on a cocktail of opposing-factors, including fears of supply disruptions as Yemeni Houthi militants launched a fifth recent attack on Saudi Arabian oil infrastructure in Jubail and renewed fear of demand weakness as Covid infections rises alarmingly in certain regions, especially Europe, Brazil and India
  • The likelihood of prices returning to the US$70/b level is also unlikely, given that OPEC+ has signalled that it will begin easing supply quotas from May onwards – a decision supported by kingpin Saudi Arabia – but could be timely given recent fuels demand recovery in the US, UK, China and India, the latter having posted its stronger oil consumption figures in 15 months

1 0

Something interesting to share?
Join NrgEdge and create your own NrgBuzz today

Latest NrgBuzz

Making use of commercial timber pellet mill

Today we  will certainly  discuss industrial  timber pellet mill  Most of us know that  contemporary society  promotes the recycling of resources, especially waste wood, sawdust, straw,  and so on. The  timber that  might not be  utilized before can be  refined into sawdust after  squashing  and also processing., sawdust  as well as other raw materials,  advertise the recycling of waste wood,  as well as facilitate our lives.

Related post: wood pellet mill for sale

Sawdust  source has the  features of high calorific value  as well as  reduced emission of  unsafe gas. It can be used as a high-quality biomass  resources for  power  usage, which can  lower the  intake of non-renewable energy such as coal, oil  as well as natural gas.  Currently, the energy  use  techniques of sawdust in my country  generally  consist of:  straight combustion heating, granulation, gasification, liquefaction  as well as carbonization.

Around us, waste wood, branches, waste wood scraps, bark, branches, waste boards, veneers,  furnishings factory scraps,  assorted wood, etc can be  grated into sawdust,  and also biomass pellet fuel is  generated through the industrial  timber pellet mill The finished product has high  burning efficiency and little harm to the  atmosphere, which can be  claimed to kill two birds with one  rock.

Related post: biomass pellet mill for sale

1.  Making use of industrial  timber pellet mill.

The industrial wood pellet mill is a good  gadget that can make sawdust energy. There are  numerous  house  suppliers, which produce a large  quantity of sawdust  each year.  Nevertheless, due to the influence of  standard  manufacturing  techniques  and also living  routines, the  use  price of sawdust is extremely low, and a  substantial amount of sawdust  sources are  disposed of or  blazed, which not  just  creates waste of  sources,  yet  additionally pollutes the air. The use of industrial  timber pellet mills  successfully recycles these resources.

Over the years, Richi Machinery  has actually focused on the research and development, design  and also production of  commercial  timber pellet mills, wood  cutting pellet machines, sawdust pellet  makers, biomass pellet machines, wood pulverizers,  timber pellet  assembly line,  timber processing  tools  and also  various other  items. All  items have passed ISO9001 :2008 The international  high quality  monitoring system  qualification  as well as EU CE  qualification have  gotten to the  worldwide  sophisticated  degree,  as well as the  items  swiftly cover the domestic market and are exported to countries  all over the world.

Related post: fuel pellet plant

Considering that its  facility, Richi Machinery has won the honorary titles of "Advanced  High Quality  Device" and " Top Quality Trustworthy Unit"  each year,  and also has been  identified as a national AAA-level enterprise for  high quality,  track record and service. The  firm  has actually always  stuck to the principle of " top quality first,  online reputation  initially",  according to the tenet of "survive by  top quality,  and also  look for  take advantage of development", exerting its own  benefits  as well as gradually  increasing its scale. In the future, the  industrialized people will make persistent efforts to  establish and develop products that are well  gotten by  residential  and also foreign customers,  as well as  stroll in the forefront of the industry.

2. The development  possibility of industrial wood pellet mill.

Over the last few years, many  nations have  better  enhanced the development of  brand-new  power  as well as the management of environmental  issues. Biomass  commercial wood pellet mills are not only environmentally friendly  and also resource-saving, but also bring us economic value. They have been affirmed by  several  individuals  as well as  buddies, and the market sales are  likewise high.  For that reason, the development prospect of  commercial wood pellet mill can be  claimed to be  extremely  excellent.

Related post: biomass wood pellet plant in Indonesia

In order to meet the  demands of different life  as well as production, industrial wood pellet mills  have actually  likewise been innovated  and also upgraded. These  cutting-edge  technical products are  made use of more and more widely in our lives. It brings us a very safe material for  individuals's livelihood heating  and also living  power. This  gas has a high  usage  price and is  simple to  shop. Especially, it can be  made use of as the  primary  gas type for thermal power generation, which greatly replaces the existing ones.  Different non-renewable  power sources such as raw coal and firewood,  gas  dissolved gas, etc can  successfully save the input of non-renewable fuel.

This  strong  gas that  has actually been crushed  as well as pressed by an industrial wood pellet mill has  outstanding  burning performance. Its  thickness is larger than that of  common fuels, and at the same time, the  launch of various  unsafe gases is reduced. It is a safe, green  as well as environmentally friendly  gas  kind.

Related post: https://www.richipelletmachine.com/wood-pellet-mill-for-sale/

When  individuals have a  complete understanding of the  strong  gas of "biomass pellet fuel",  the marketplace demand for industrial wood pellet mills  as well as  various other mechanical  devices is also  boosting. The advent of industrial  timber pellet mill  has actually  developed  remarkable economic value  and also social  worth.

Now, countries around the world pay more and more  focus to the  security of the environment and the  application of  numerous  power sources. The innovative  study of industrial wood pellet mill has brought us the  efficient use of renewable energy to a  huge extent,  enabling us to obtain convenient, energy-saving, pollution-free  eco-friendly  power, and  likewise bring us  excellent resource maintenance.  Obviously, when we use the biomass  timber pellet mill  maker, we  should  follow the operating  specs  and also its  collection of  needs for material processing  and also  manufacturing, so as to increase its  result as  high as  feasible  as well as prolong its service life.

For details please contact: Richi Machinery
WhatsApp:86 138 3838 9622
Email:[email protected]

August, 03 2022
Seven Tips for Online Learning During COVID-19

It is no secret that the COVID-19 epidemic has forced us all to make significant changes in our lives. Remote work has been an option for businesses; K-12 schools have adopted distance learning as a necessity; many college students, who were previously enrolled in on-campus courses, now have to learn online.

While online learning carries many positive benefits that make it the preferred choice for millions of students, it doesn't come without its challenges--especially for students who are more familiar with in-person courses.

Here are seven tips from Jonathan Small (associate vice president for online learning at Regis College), that will help you to adapt your study habits to fully online learning.

Tips for Online Classes1. Take the time to plan ahead and understand when your assignment is due.

Online students interact with the subject matter and complete assignments via learning management software (LMS). Regis offers online classes through Moodle. Other popular tools include Canvas and Blackboard.

It doesn't matter what LMS you use, it is important that you take the time to familiarize yourself with the interface as well as your assignments. Take a look at the due dates for your assignments so you can create a realistic plan to complete them.

Small says that online classes are often structured in modular formats, which is different from face-to-face classes. You don't always have the physical reminder that your work is due in class. Online classes can be very busy, so students must organize their time.

2. Make sure you have enough time to study.

Many students at Regis and other universities pursue their education while also fulfilling other obligations. You have to balance work, childcare, family obligations, and internships.

Small says, "Chunking tasks is a great way for students to feel accomplished." You feel like you are making progress. You can also schedule a time to study, which will help you establish and maintain a routine.

3. Regular communication is essential for group projects.

Many college courses include group projects and assignments that you must compete with others in the class. This is true for both online and in-person courses. Small says that while in-person courses allow for group projects and bring people together face to face, online students must be careful about communicating effectively.

Groups must prioritize communication, regardless of whether it's via Zoom, email or phone call, instant messaging, shared documents, or any other form altogether.

Small says, "Find a system which works for everyone in your group and then follow up often."

4. Split up work groups early.

It is important that groups are able to properly divide tasks so that everyone has a fair share and everyone knows exactly what they have to do.

Small advises that group projects should be planned far in advance so that everyone can share the work and coordinate their efforts. This way, even if something isn’t due for a few more weeks, everyone has the opportunity to use their time and work on their tasks as they can.

5. Keep in touch with your professor frequently.

As important as it is to communicate with your classmates and group members, it's equally important that you communicate with your instructor or professor. Whether you need help with an assignment, or simply want to share your struggles with them, make the effort to contact your professor.

Small says that talking to your instructor is key to success. Small says that you don't have to struggle with your questions and concerns alone. The professor can help. Talking to your instructor for five minutes can help you save days of stress. You will feel better, get more clarity, and be more successful.

You don't have to communicate only when things are going wrong. You can build a rapport with your instructor by letting them know when things are going well.

6. Participate as often as you can

Participation is key to your success, no matter if you are taking classes online or in person. Active participation not only shows your professor you are engaged but also shows you are learning and willing to do the work required to succeed. Participation transforms education from a passive process to one that is active.

Small says that the more you take part as a student the better your experience will be.

7. Flexibility is key.

Flexibility is key to online learning, both for you and your fellow students--and even your professors.

Small says, "Remember that your instructors had only to switch to remote teaching within a weekend. That's the same time it took to transition to online learning."

"This happened by accident. It's possible to restore the campus community by simply being compassionate, active in your course material, and talking to your instructors. This will make the transition smoother.

Put in the Work

Online learning might not be your first choice. However, the tips and advice above will help you make the most of your online courses. Clear and open communication with your classmates and instructors, as well as staying focused on the course material, will be key to your success in this difficult time.

Related article from studentjob.co.uk : http://www.studentjob.co.uk/blog/5757-best-online-exam-help-top-five-websites-you-can-trust 

Related Resources:

Are Online Classes Worth It? 12 Pros & Cons Of Online Learning

Tips to Be Successful in Your Online Classes In 2022

5 Reasons Why Online Learning is the Future of Education

The Impact of Online Classes on Students

August, 02 2022
What is a Satire Essay and How Does It Work?

One of the most popular literary devices or genres is Satire. This genre is especially designed to criticize someone or group of people for their vices, wrongdoings, or shortcomings.

Usually, humor is used to highlight important political and cultural issues in a society. A satire article is a type essay that uses humor, sarcasm, and irony to ridicule a person, situation, or ideology. It pokes fun in an elite and sarcastic fashion at certain people or situations.

How to Write Satire Essays: Writing Tips

How do you write a satire article? It doesn't have to be difficult, even though it seems daunting. However, once you use the following tips, it can be an easy task to write a satire article.

Choose a relevant and original topic

This is why you will need to create a satire essay. Your first step is to pick a satirical essay topic. You may be assigned a topic by your professor or teacher in some instances, but you would need to create your topic.

Decide the topic of your essay. Depending on what you are interested in, you can choose to concentrate on either a political or societal situation.

However, it's a good idea to choose a topic you are already familiar with. This will make it easier to locate facts and evidence to support the views you hold.

Consider your audience

Your essay is the center of attention. You must consider your audience at every stage of the writing process. Your essay should be addressed to college professors or high school students.

Are professionals reading it or are you just a student? It is important to consider your audience and determine the right tone for your essay.

A casual tone is acceptable if your target audience is mostly friends and students. It's best to use a formal tone if your target audience is professionals.

Add humor!

What makes a humorous essay so engaging? It is the topic, or the writer's writing style that makes satire essays so interesting. Humor is the key ingredient to any satire essay. You want your audience to laugh at the absurdity or inanity of a person or situation. Irony, sarcasm or hyperbole are all great ways to accomplish this end.

These devices can be very effective if used in a thoughtful manner.

Be clear about the facts

Because satirical essays often use exaggeration and humor, it is crucial to write an essay that is straightforward. An essay that contains false or misleading information will not be accepted by the court of public opinion.

Therefore, facts should only be stated that are supported by strong evidence. If you want to give credibility, be sure to cite the source of your information after citing figures, theories, opinions, etc.

This would ensure your audience that your essay was credible. Avoid including arguments that you are unable to prove or find evidence.

Use the ELP Format

ELP format is a great tool to ensure that your satire essay will be professional and high-quality. ELP is an acronym that stands for ethos, logos, and pathos.

These three elements make up a large part of an essay and can either help or hinder your work. These elements are important and can be used in your essay.

Ethos informs readers about the topic at hand and their preexisting beliefs. To provide a foundation for readers, Ethos should be used as a tool in the introduction.

Logos give credibility to your work by providing facts and figures for the audience.

As the name implies, pathos will elicit the appropriate emotions and feelings from your audience. You can use this tool to invoke sadness, sympathy, anger or any other emotion.

Be tolerant

It is important to avoid making offensive statements in satire essays, even though they are often filled with irony or sarcasm.

Your audience will likely include people from all walks of life. Therefore, it is important not to make comments that could be considered discriminatory or offensive for a particular section.

The art of discerning the right line between humor and offensiveness is delicate and requires practice. You can ask teachers or colleagues to give you second opinions so that your essay doesn't offend.

Learn more at: https://proessays.net/blog/40-witty-topics-for-a-satirical-essay

July, 25 2022